Why is this information useful? Where to get willow for cuttings and weaving: Willow is one of the easiest trees to plant. Willow cuttings can be taken any time during the dormant season. may be more appropriate under emergency situations. That could be plastic (like silage plastic) or the woven fabric weed suppressor (called mipex road stabiliser) or through a mulch (cardboard with woodchip/straw/hay or other material on top. This might have to be replaced annually) Where there’s a willow there’s a way Once fully dried out willow cannot be used or soaked again. Techniques utilized have been shown to improve the efficacy and survival of unrooted materials used in restoration projects. Lack of adequate soil moisture and poor selection of willow stems are two important factors associated with poor second year survival of cuttings. It will also stay soft for longer. Selecting Stem Cuttings In Alberta, the best species to select stem cuttings from are willow (Salix spp. Hard structures (i.e. In willows, auxins are produced in terminal buds and transported to lateral buds and adventitious buds (i.e., along the stem below the terminal bud) to convey a message to “stay dormant”. Careful attention to stem size, site hydrology, depth of willow stake installation, and good soil to stem contact can contribute to successful restoration projects. Willows can be propagated from 12-inch cuttings from live rods. The English osier or basket willow which I grow on our property at Onekaka, Golden Bay is the same basket willow that has been grown in Europe and the UK for centuries. Selecting the right willows and willow stems. Under the right conditions, willows can grow rapidly and provide effective soil stabilization along stream banks or in other highly erodible areas. Rod harvesting is ideal when producing cuttings or fences, but is also an option if one wants to dry the willow before it is chipped. It will never return to be fully flexible. We cut the willows in the winter, an occasion when friends and neighbours gather for a day of harvesting and feasting. Harvest willow cuttings during the dormant season (between leaf fall and bud break): Select stems ½ to 1¼ inches in diameter for most willow cutting projects. A few advanced willow techniques If the stems dry out during transportation, remove the bottom 2 to 3 inches of the cutting to recreate a “fresh” end just before installation. Next grab every stick above 7ft and put them on a different pile. Use your senses, especially touch. Where to get willow for cuttings and weaving: Most basket makers would have some willow growing or know someone who does. Our freezing system employs two methods (freezing cuttings in a storage facility below -2oC) or packing live stakes in snow which is an old but effective method that allows willo… Live stems for the floral industry are sold most often Happily, willow takes root quickly, and it’s easy to grow your own. Those bundles are then tied and left to dry out fully. Planting trees from cuttings / Growing trees / Planting Willow and Elder - Duration: 6:09. Also some willow varieties might need an extra day or two (Salix Daphnoides is one of them). Year 4: your plants are now established and should be bearing a full harvest, up to 20 branches per plant or more depending on variety. Site preparation should include removing all vegetation and… Store the cuttings in moist sand or sawdust in a cool spot indoors or outside in the shade of a building, covered with straw. There are many different methods of long-term storage. Always defer to the agency staff or technical advisor for ultimate specifications. Exact specifications on stem diameter, planting depth, length of cutting, etc. The trees will need to establish for the first 3 years. Bundles of willow are sorted by size. Restoration techniques exploit the ability of willows to reproduce from adventitious and dormant buds. It’s the male plants that put on a show in spring, with pollen-laden catkins attracting early bees. Plantations are sown with 15,000 cuttings per hectare. If tops are damaged from installation, cut them cleanly to remove the cracked portion without greatly reducing the amount of stem that remains above ground. Future forests in co. Cork have basket making willow varieties for sale as cuttings. Their website is, The Organic Centre in Leitrim has some willow varieties for sale as cuttings. Pull out one rod from the bundle and bend it 90 degrees or more. Tools: planting bars (dibbles), rebar, rubber or wooden mallet, post-hole diggers, electric hammer-drills, soil augers, pick mattocks, power stingers, shovels, buckets, lopping shears. 1. This is called grading. The willow rods are cut at the base of each rod, one at a time. This will allow the water from the outside of the skin to be fully absorbed and make is very soft. In heavily browsed areas, it is the removal of the terminal buds that causes a bushy appearance in willow shrubs. Reply. You will need a barrel or anything similar to stand your willow in. The cuttings are sown in a spacing structure similar to maize, in a twin row arrangement. This guide conveys basic willow biology and fundamental techniques for selecting, harvesting, and installing willow cuttings. ), red osier Willow biology Brush Layering: Vertical bundles of willow poles installed in 2-3 foot deep layers (back and down into bank), along stream banks to increase bank stability. There are really no hard or fast rules. This profile will emphasize the production of willows for live cuttings and dried rods. Anyway, thank-you again, EEric. “Lunar Willow growing and Harvesting” According to ‘Old Wives Tales’ it is best to harvest rods for weaving under a waning moon - and willow grows best when cuttings are planted on a waxing moon. Large willow cuttings are ideal for creating your own living willow landscape features, such as living willow fence, willow domes and structures, living privacy screens, and living willow mazes. These are ideal for a willow dome, wigwam, arbour, fence, tunnel, or … Willow growing. Cracked or heavily damaged tops can hasten drying of the stem and increase susceptibility to pest damage, decreasing survival rates. Depending on what willow you use soaking time will vary. Allow the water use wrapped in an old sheet for ultimate specifications for cuttings and weaving willow! 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