A monk is a person who practices religious asceticism by monastic living, either alone or with any number of other monks. Part 1. Communities of nuns exist in numerous religious traditions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Jainism, and Taoism. About Religious Orders. A monastery complex typically comprises a number of buildings which include a church, dormitory, cloister, refectory, library, balneary and infirmary. Enclosed religious orders of the Christian church have solemn vows with a strict separation from the affairs of the external world. Although the English word nun is often used to describe all Christian women who have joined religious institutes, strictly speaking, women are referred to as nuns only when they live in papal enclosure; otherwise, they are religious sisters. Female Apostolic Orders; Female Enclosed Communities; Orders of Brothers; Clerical Orders and Mixed Orders (of brothers and priests) Male Monastic Communities The stated purpose for such enclosure is to prevent … Enclosed religious orders of the Christian churches have solemn vows with a strict separation from the affairs of the external world. The English word monk most properly refers to men in monastic life, while the term friar more properly refers to mendicants active in the broader world (like Franciscans, Dominicans and Augustinians), though not all monasteries require strict enclosure (Benedictines have often staffed parishes and been allowed to leave monastery confines). In the Catholic Church enclosure is regulated by the code of canon law, either the Latin code or the Oriental code, and also by subsidiary legislation. Enclosed religious orders. Vocational discernment is the process in which men or women in the Catholic Church discern, or recognize, their vocation in the church. Enclosed religious orders of men include monks following the Rule of Saint Benedict, namely the Benedictine, the Cistercian, and the Trappist Orders, but also monks of the Carthusians, Hieronymite monks, and some branches of Carmelites, along with members of the Monastic Family of Bethlehem, while enclosed religious orders of women include Canonesses Regular, nuns belonging to the … Enclosed religious orders of men include monks following the Rule of Saint Benedict, namely the Benedictine, the Cistercian, and the Trappist orders, but also monks of the Carthusians, Hieronymites, and some branches of Carmelites, along with members of the Monastic Family of Bethlehem, while enclosed religious orders of women include Canonesses Regular, nuns belonging to the Benedictine, Cistercian, Trappist and the Carthusian orders, along with nuns of the second order of each of the mendicant orders, including: the Poor Clares, the Colettine Poor Clares, the Capuchin Poor Clares, the Dominicans, Carmelites, Servites, Augustinians, Minims, together with the Conceptionist nuns, the Visitandine nuns, Ursuline nuns and such of the Monastic Family of Bethlehem. Enclosed religious orders of men include the Benedictine monks, Bethlehem monks, Carthusian monks, Cistercian monks, Hieronymite monks, Trappist monks, and some Carmelite monks branches, and enclosed religious orders of women include the Augustinian nuns, Order of Bethlehem nuns, Carmelite nuns, Carthusian nuns, Conceptionist nuns, Minim nuns, Poor Clare nuns, Visitationist nuns, … The "enclosure" is regulated by Catholic church law, [1] and prevents members from going out of the religious house, and also prevents strangers from entering the monastery, convent or abbey. The English word monk most properly refers to men in monastic life, while the term friar more properly refers to mendicants active in the world (like Franciscans, Dominicans and Augustinians), though not all monasteries require strict enclosure. The term cloistered is synonymous with enclosed. The term cloistered is synonymous with enclosed.The "enclosure" is regulated by Catholic church law [1] [2].Rather strictly enforced in the past, it has taken nowadays a more a symbolic value of separation from the world. Priories may be houses of mendicant friars or nuns, or monasteries of monks or nuns. The members of religious orders take vows which often include the traditional monastic vows of poverty, chastity and obedience, or the ancient vow of stability, or sometimes a modern interpretation of some or all of these vows. The main distinction is between monks and nuns who live in an enclosed convent or monastery and religious who work outside the cloister, for example in education, health-care or evangelization. The term cloistered is synonymous with enclosed. The cowl is an item of clothing consisting of a long, hooded garment with wide sleeves. It takes its name from its most important monastery, which was located at Windesheim, about four miles south of Zwolle on the IJssel, in the Netherlands. Enclosed religious orders. A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, monks or nuns, whether living in communities or alone (hermits). Depending on the location, the monastic order and the occupation of its inhabitants, the complex may also include a wide range of buildings that facilitate self-sufficiency and service to the community. When referring to Roman Catholic religious orders, the term Second Order refers to those Orders of cloistered nuns which are a part of the mendicant Orders that developed in the Middle Ages. Originally it may have referred simply to the hooded portion of a cloak. Enclosed religious orders of the Christian churches have solemn vows with a strict separation from the affairs of the external world. The Trappists, officially known as the Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance and originally named the Order of Reformed Cistercians of Our Lady of La Trappe, are a Catholic religious order of cloistered monastics that branched off from the Cistercians. on "Nuns, properly so called, "Cloister" in the New Advent encyclopaedia, The meaning of enclosure according to the Dominican nuns, New Advent Encyclopaedia on "Religious Life, Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, Franciscan Missionaries of the Eternal Word, Comboni Missionaries of the Heart of Jesus, Missionaries of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, Congregation of the Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Congregation of the Franciscan Hospitaller Sisters of the Immaculate Conception, Daughters of Mary of the Immaculate Conception, Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of the Mother of God, Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, Oblate Sisters of the Virgin Mary of Fatima, Order of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Sisters of Charity of Saints Bartolomea Capitanio and Vincenza Gerosa (SCCG), Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary, Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Sisters of Providence of Saint Mary-of-the-Woods. 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