The small habitation on Little Diomede Island is centered on the west side of the island at the village of Diomede. Bering Island is located off the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Bering Sea. Despite the unprecedented engineering, political, and financial challenges, Russia green-lighted a US$65-billion TKM-World Link tunnel project in August 2011. Bering Island (Russian: о́стров Бе́ринга, ostrov Beringa) is located off the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Bering Sea. International Country Telephone Code – + 7 Travel Links – There are weekly flights by small planes from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky to Nikolskoye, on Bering Island, … Big Diomede Island is the easternmost point of Russia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Photograph: Kieran Mulvaney The Arctic is warming, and its sea ice is melting, prompting fevered dreams of ever-easier access, and a … [6], In June and July 1989, three independent teams attempted the first modern sea-kayak crossing of the Bering Strait. In 1987, American swimmer Lynne Cox swam across the border,[30] and was congratulated jointly by American President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. PBS Video of St. Lawrence Island in . USS Bering Strait (AVP-34) was a United States Navy Barnegat -class small seaplane tender in commission from 1944 to 1946. Major towns that lie along the Strait include Lorino (1,267 people) and Lavrentiya (1,459 people). ベーリングハムに行くなら、ホームステッド ゴルフ & カントリー クラブの観光もお忘れなく。エクスペディアではホームステッド ゴルフ & カントリー クラブ観光情報や近くのホテル情報をご提供。ベーリングハムまでの航空券やホテルもお任せ。 In March 2006, Briton Karl Bushby and French-American adventurer Dimitri Kieffer crossed the strait on foot, walking across a frozen 90-kilometer (56 mi) section in 15 days. Read the travel guide Rome2rio makes travelling from Unimak Island to Bering Strait easy. Our map of the Bering Sea with location, statistics, history, boundaries, connection between Russia and Alaska. that humans migrated from Asia to North America across a land bridge, "Journey by Sea Takes Awkward Turn in Russia", "The Victoria Advocate - Google News Archive Search", "ТАСС: Спорт – На Аляске завершилась международная эстафета "моржей", переплывших Берингов пролив", "San Francisco to St Petersburg by Rail! The Bering … The graves on Beechey Island. In the north … Численность населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2017 года (31 июля 2017). Diomede Islands, two small islands in the Bering Strait, lying about 2.5 miles (4 km) apart and separated by the U.S.–Russian boundary, which coincides with the International Date Line. They swam from Cape Dezhnev, Russia, to Cape Prince of Wales, United States (roughly 110 kilometers (68 mi), due to the current). During the Cold War, the Bering Strait marked the border between the Soviet Union and the United States. Karaginsky Island, Bering Sea. [10], August 2008 marked the first crossing of the Bering Strait using an amphibious road-going vehicle. It is virtually impossible for a westerner to receive per… pp. The official boundary between the United States and Russia lies at the tip of the red arrow; at that exact point in the middle of the strait, are two islands - Big and Little Diomede. The relatively flat sea lies between the West coast of Alaska (USA) and the East coast of Siberia (Russia). The larger island, Big Diomede (Russian [16][17][18][19][20], Suggestions have been made to construct a Bering Strait bridge between Alaska and Siberia. Bering-uClibc-5.2.6-rc1 is the first release candidate for the sixth maintenance release of Bering-uClibc 5.2. The village of Nikolskoye is home to 800 people, roughly [13][14] They had direct support from the Russian Navy, using one of its ships, and assistance with permission. The Bering Strait (Russian: Берингов пролив) is a strait of the Pacific, which separates Russia and the United States slightly south of the Arctic Circle at about 65° 40' N latitude. They were treated well and given a tour of the village's museum, but not permitted to continue south along the Pacific coast. The Diomede Islands—Big Diomede (Russia) and Little Diomede (US)—are only 3.8 km (2.4 mi) apart. The western coast belongs to the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, a federal subject of Russia. [23], American Charles P. Steinmetz earlier proposed to widen the Bering Strait by removing St. Lawrence Island and parts of Seward and Chukotski Peninsulas. Архивировано 31 июля 2017 года. 775–776. Traditionally, the indigenous peoples in the area had frequently crossed the border back and forth for "routine visits, seasonal festivals and subsistence trade", but were prevented from doing so during the Cold War. He was buried in a sandbank on the side of a wind-swept hill. The specially modified Land Rover Defender 110 was driven by Steve Burgess and Dan Evans across the straits on its second attempt following the interruption of the first by bad weather. This island is desolate and experiences severe weather. The country has only been independent since 2006 and the country is developing fast. The Diomede Islands lie midway in the Strait. Through organized trips and the use of special permits, it is possible for foreigners to visit. The Bering Strait (or Bering sea) is a marginal sea on the Northern end of the Pacific ocean between North America and North East Asia (Siberia). She tended seaplanes during World War II in the Pacific in combat areas and earned three battle stars by war's end. A new study suggests that humans couldn’t have traversed through the corridor until about 12,600 years ago, thus bringing about the end of the Bering Strait Theory. Béringovo móre) is a marginal sea of the Northern Pacific Ocean.It forms, along with the Bering Strait, the divide between the two largest landmasses on Earth: Eurasia and The Americas. American vessels were hunting for bowhead whales in the strait by 1847. It provides an updated kernel (4.1.23) and latest security fixes and upstream versions for curl, e2fsprogs, mhttpd(s), ntp In 1998, Russian adventurer Dmitry Shparo and his son Matvey crossed the frozen Bering Strait on skis. At its narrowest point the Bering Strait is only 85 km across beckoning explorers to try crossing its icy waters.Despite the fact that a ferry could potentially cross from the USA to Siberia in two hours, political hurdles restrict traffic across this body of water. [12], In July 2012, six adventurers associated with "Dangerous Waters", a reality adventure show under production, made the crossing on Sea-Doos but were arrested and permitted to return to Alaska on their Sea-Doos after being briefly detained in Lavrentiya, administrative center of the Chukotsky District. All arrivals must be through an airport or a cruise port, near the Bering Strait only at Anadyr or Provideniya. Karaginsky Island and associated marine waters are situated on a major bird migration route. It was abandoned when the undersea Atlantic Cable proved successful. There are exciting experiences in store for those, who embark on a walking holiday in Montenegro. Map of Bering Sea by World Atlas. BERING is a Danish watch and jewellery brand, inspired by the arctic beauty. Czar Nicholas II of Russia issued an order authorising a Franco-American syndicate represented by de Lobel to begin work on the Trans-Siberian Alaska railroad project, but no physical work ever commenced. A physical link between Asia and North America via the Bering Strait nearly became a reality in 1864 when a Russian-American telegraph company began preparations for an overland telegraph line connecting Europe and America via the east. The Death of the Bering Strait Theory Courtesy Mikkel Winther Pedersen Looking south through what was once the “ice-free corridor” in present-day Canada. In 1648, Semyon Dezhnyov probably passed through the strait, but his report did not reach Europe. Vitus Bering died on December 8, 1741 on Bering Island, east of Kamchatka. [23], In the 21st century a 300-kilometer (190 mi) dam has also been proposed, however the aim of the proposal is to preserve the Arctic ice cap against global warming.[27]. Explore this cemetery for graves, information and tombstones for names in Bering Island Gravesite in Bering Island, Kamchatka Krai, a Find A Grave Cemetery. ベーリング島(ベーリングとう、ロシア語: Остров Беринга, ラテン文字転写: Ostrov Beringa)は、カムチャツカ半島の東のベーリング海にあるロシア連邦領の島。行政上はカムチャツカ地方アレウト地区(ロシア語版)に属する。, 全長90km、最も広いところで幅24kmの細長い島で面積1660km2、コマンドルスキー諸島の中で最も大きく、同諸島西部の大部分にあたる[2]。ベーリング島の殆どと、その他のコマンドルスキー諸島の島々は、コマンドルスキー自然保護区(ロシア語版)に指定されている。, 「アメリカとロシア国境の隠された宝石」として知られる。ベーリング島には樹木は生えておらず、強風の吹きつける荒涼とした風景が広がっている。また、霧に覆われることが非常に多く、周辺海域では地震が発生することも多いなど、非常に厳しい環境条件である。そのため、1826年に移住者があるまでは無人島であった[3]。現在、島内にはニコルスコエという村があり、人口約700人、その内約300人がアレウト人である。島民はほとんどが漁業関係者である。, ベーリング島の北西側海岸から4kmの位置に、トポルコフ島(ロシア語: Остров Топорков, ラテン文字転写: Ostrov Toporkov)という小島がある[4]。円形に近い島で、直径は約800m程度の大きさである。, 1741年11月7日に探検家ヴィトゥス・ベーリングが率いる船に乗っていたゲオルク・ヴィルヘルム・シュテラーらが当時は無人島であった島へ上陸して以降、記録が残るようになる。ベーリングは、ロシア帝国海軍の艦船「聖ピョートル号」でアリューシャン列島を辿り、アラスカを発見した探検からの帰路の途上であった。しかし、船は嵐によって破壊されてしまい、ベーリングと28人の船員らは壊血病に苦しむ状況で、船を放棄して島で越冬を図るが、ベーリングは壊血病で死亡し島で葬られた[5][6]。以後、ベーリングの名が、島の名として語られるようになった[7]。この越冬から生還者達は、スウェーデン出身の海軍中尉・スヴェン・ワクセルに率いられ、この島で10か月間生活した。生還者たちは、アザラシや鳥を狩って飢えを凌いだ。彼らは、座礁した艦船を基に船を製作し、1742年にカムチャツカ半島・ペトロパブロフスク・カムチャツキーへと生還した。この際には、この新発見された島で得たラッコの毛皮や肉も持ち帰られた。, シュテラーは、博物学者で医師でもあり、船員達が青海苔を食す理由を与えた。青海苔は壊血病に効果があったのである。シュテラーはベーリング島を探検し、ステラーカイギュウを含む動物相の記録を残した。ステラーカイギュウは、この記録がなされてから30年の間に乱獲に遭い、絶滅へと追い込まれていった。現在、島の最高地点は、このドイツ(神聖ローマ帝国)出身の博物学者にちなんで名付けられている。ロシア本土へと戻ってから、シュテラーはカムチャツカ半島を探検しており、「De Bestiis Marinis」を出版している。しかしながら、シュテラーが原住民へ同情心を向けたことが、シュテラーが反乱を企てていると密告を引き起こし、シュテラーは投獄されることとなった。そして、サンクトペテルブルクへと召還されたが、その途上で病死した。37歳没。しかしながら、シュテラーの遺した日記は後に出版され、大きな反響を得、歴史的に大変貴重な史料となった[8]。, 1743年に、エメリヤン・バソフがラッコ猟のためにベーリング島に来島した。これが、この島でのヒトの居住の始まりであり、それと同時に今まで手つかずだった自然の破壊の始まりでもあった。プロミュシュレンニキ(ロシア語版)は、アリューシャン列島、最終的にはアラスカまでをもベーリング海の島々をアイランドホッピングすることで行き来するようになった。1825年には、露米会社がアッツ島のアレウト族一家をベーリング島で狩猟をさせるために移住させた。そして、それに続くように別のアレウト族グループや人種の混ざった移住者達がベーリング島へと移住してきた。これが、ベーリング島におけるヒトの定住の始まりであった[3]。1867年、ロシア帝国によるアラスカ売却がなされた後も、ベーリング島はペトロパブロフスク・カムチャツキーの支配下にあった。1827年に110人(ロシア人:17、アレウト人:45、混血:48)だった人口は、1879年には300人を超えた。1990年になって、ニコルスコエに居住するアレウト人の一団が、カムチャツカ州の首府・ペトロパブロフスク・カムチャツキーでアラスカに住むアレウト人の一団と面会した際、ニコルスコエのアレウト人たちが古いアレウト語でいまだにコミュニケーションをとることが出来ることが発覚し、人々を驚かせた[3]。これは、170年もの間隔絶され、文化交流そのものが絶たれていたためであった。現在、アメリカ合衆国アラスカ州に属するプリビロフ諸島の様な孤立のため、ベーリング島に居住するアレウト人たちは、しばしば遺伝的浮動の研究対象となった[9]。, ベーリング島周辺の地域は、多種多様な野生生物、特に海生哺乳類で知られ、現在自然保護区として指定されている。ベーリング島海岸に生息するラッコはベーリング島の発見から1857年までに絶滅寸前まで狩りつくされたが、現在では、他のアリューシャン列島の島々とは異なり生息数は堅調に回復している[10]。トドは夏の間をベーリング島で過ごすが、マナティーに似たステラーカイギュウは、かつてはベーリング島周辺で見ることが出来たが、狩猟によって狩りつくされ、1768年に絶滅した[5] 。, ベーリング島は、オットセイの繁殖地としても有名で、キタオットセイ、ゼニガタアザラシ、ゴマフアザラシが繁殖の地としている。ただし1913年には、2つの繁殖地で合計3000頭程度にまで数を減らしていた。これは、1911年に膃肭獣保護条約が締結されてから2年後の数である。特に、ハッチンソン、コール、サンフランシスコの業者が結んだ狩猟契約によって20年で80万頭を超えるオットセイが狩られたとされる[5]。, 周辺海域ではクジラも見られ、マッコウクジラ、シャチ、アカボウクジラ科に属するクジラ、ザトウクジラ、セミクジラを見ることが出来る。加えて、ネズミイルカ科が何度か目撃されている。, ベーリング島には数多くの海鳥も生息している。ユネスコによれば、203種類もの海鳥がコマンドルスキー諸島に生息しているとしており、58の営巣地がある。ツノメドリ属の鳥が数多く生息しているが、空を飛ぶことのできないメガネウは1850年代には乱獲が原因で絶滅へと追い込まれた。ベーリング達を苦しめた2種のホッキョクギツネがいまだに島に生息している。この他にも、ヒトの手によってトナカイ、ミンク、そしてネズミがベーリング島にもたらされ、ベーリング島固有の自然に悪影響を与えている[11]。. 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