endstream endobj 340 0 obj <>/Metadata 22 0 R/OCProperties<>/OCGs[354 0 R]>>/PageLabels 335 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 337 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/StructTreeRoot 59 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 341 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/Properties<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 342 0 obj <>stream The leaflet tells you about the possible health effects, the . Benzene Exposure: What Are the Long-Term Health Effects? However, because of benzenes health effects and many restrictions, it is not used as a solvent in the same extent as it was before. This study considerably expanded the health effects associated with benzene beyond AML and suggested benzene produced effects at levels lower than previously thought. The short term exposure limit is 5 ppm for any 15-minute period. Ingestion of large amounts of benzene may result in vomiting, dizziness, and convulsions in humans. Adverse effects of the chemical substance depend on the level of exposure, and the duration one is exposed to the harmful chemical. Annu Rev Public Health. People working in industries that make or use benzene may be exposed to the highest levels of it. This public health statement tells you about benzene and the effects of exposure to it. Showing these signs and symptoms does not necessarily mean that a person has been exposed to benzene. Saving Lives, Protecting People, Chemical Agents: Facts About Personal Cleaning and Disposal of Contaminated Clothing, National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH), Plague Q & A (naturally occurring disease), CDC Plague Home Page (naturally occurring disease), Publications, Education & Training Materials, Viral hemorrhagic fevers (filoviruses [e.g., Ebola, Marburg] and arenaviruses [e.g., Lassa, Machupo]), Case Definition: Caustic or Corrosive Agents, Case Definition: Arsine or Stibine Poisoning, Toxic Syndrome Description: Arsine or Stibine Poisoning, Case Definition: Vesicant (Mustards, Dimethyl Sulfate, and Lewisite), Toxic Syndrome Description: Vesicant/Blister Agent Poisoning, Case Definition: Opioids (Fentanyl, Etorphine, or Others) Poisoning, Potential Health Effects Associated with Hydrazine and Satellite Reentry, Facts about Hydrogen Fluoride (Hydrofluoric Acid), Long-acting anticoagulant (super warfarin), Case Definition: “Super Warfarin” Poisoning, Case Definition: Methyl Bromide Poisoning, Case Definition: Methyl Isocyanate Poisoning, Case Definition: Nerve Agents or Organophosphates, Toxic Syndrome Description: Nerve Agent and Organophosphate Pesticide Poisoning, Case Definition: Riot Control Agent Poisoning, Toxic Syndrome Description: Riot Control Agent Poisoning, Toxic Syndrome Description: Sodium Azide Poisoning, Case Definition: Sodium Monofluoroacetate Poisoning, Case Definition: Sulfuryl Fluoride Poisoning, Super warfarin (long-acting anticoagulant), Case Definition: Trichothecene Mycotoxin Poisoning, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Do not put the contacts back in your eyes (even if they are not disposable contacts). People who inhale benzene for long periods of time (months or years) at high enough levels may experience harmful effects in the tissues that form blood cells, especially the bone marrow. Washing with soap and water will help protect people from any chemicals on their bodies. Health Details: Those working with Benzene products are classed as a high risk group, and this is because these people are at increased risk of dangerous exposure levels of Benzene, which can result in …Aplastic Anemia. By WhatGo - 6:21 AM. The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the health consequences of benzene exposure in children following a flaring incident at … Do not handle the plastic bags yourself. A severe exposure can cause unconsciousness. However breathing very high levels of benzene, or eating or drinking foods contaminated with high levels of benzene, can cause serious health effects or … What are the health effects of Benzene? Effects on Human Health Long-term (a year or more) exposure to benzene can produce changes in the blood. Benzene exposure can result in a number of neurological symptoms, and these include dizziness, drowsiness, headaches, and loss of consciousness. It is highly flammable and is formed from both natural processes and human activities. The health department or emergency personnel will arrange for further disposal. Headaches, sleep disturbances, irritability, confusion, memory loss and nerve damage in the extremities (arms and legs) may occur with persistent exposure to benzene vapors. The long-term effects of chronic exposure to benzene can be seriously damaging and cause life-altering health conditions such as: 8 Cancer: Because benzene is known to cause genetic damage, it’s a well-established carcinogen. Benzene 2009--Health effects and mechanisms of bone marrow toxicity: implications for t-AML and the mode of action framework. Larger doses of this chemical can result in vomiting, dizziness, and convulsions, and can ultimately lead to death. Health Effects of Benzene Acute exposure to benzene produces toxic effects on the central nervous system; however, in order to evaluate the chronic effects, consideration must be given to the myelotoxic and possible chromosome damaging and leukemogenic effects of benzene. It is a volatile organic compound that is used commonly in the manufacture of many products including plastics, rubbers, dyes, and synthetic fibers, and is also found in gasoline and cigarette smoke. Benzene health effects. If you can’t avoid touching contaminated areas, or you aren’t sure where the contaminated areas are, wear rubber gloves or put the clothing in the bag using tongs, tool handles, sticks, or similar objects. %%EOF �5���A��0��0:���B����0. If the benzene release was indoors, get out of the building. Benzene is also a natural part of crude oil, gasoline, and cigarette smoke. The air around hazardous waste sites or gas stations can contain higher levels of benzene than in other areas. This study considerably expanded the health effects associated with benzene beyond AML and suggested benzene produced effects at levels lower than previously thought. Individuals who have experienced benzene poisoning requiring treatment show a substantially Benzene causes harmful effects on the bone marrow and can cause a decrease in red blood cells, leading to anemia. Benzene can cause blood cancers like leukemia. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Short-term effects Breathing in high doses of benzene can affect the nervous system, which can lead to drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, tremors, confusion, and/or unconsciousness. Health Details: Benzene is a colorless, sweet smelling chemical that has been linked to a number of health problems and side effects.This is a chemical that can be found naturally occurring in the environment. The leaflet tells you about the possible health effects, the preventative For more information on evacuation during a chemical emergency, see “. Public Health Fact Sheet page 1 Benzene: Health effects Benzene is released into the air from many sources including car exhaust, petrol, smoke from tobacco and bushfires and from industry. Benzene Health Effects: Acute and Chronic - Clean Water . Quickly take off clothing that may have benzene on it. Disaster Medicine & Public Health Prep. Benzene - Benzene Health Effects. Health effects The seriousness of poisoning caused by benzene depends on the amount, route, and length of time of exposure, as well as the age and preexisting medical condition of the exposed person. Repeated or prolonged skin contact with liquid benzene can remove the natural oils from the … Can harm the nervous system. The major effect of benzene from long-term exposure is on the blood. In animals, exposure to food or water contaminated with benzene can damage the blood and the immune system and can cause cancer. Short-term exposure to highly concentrated benzene vapors may cause decreased consciousness, stupor, … The benzene in indoor air comes from products that contain benzene such as glues, paints, furniture wax, and detergents. The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) has determined that benzene causes cancer in humans. Indoor air generally contains levels of benzene higher than those in outdoor air. After you have washed yourself, place your clothing inside a plastic bag. The vomit could be sucked into their lungs and damage their lungs. Background: Exposure to benzene has been associated with adverse health effects, including haematopoietic disorders. ���xH�K� J; Ig�)�l���� �cF,�!�㰺�x��i����5 ��e���r��6�&��Z�3τ�M��!-Z`�u��-l�>*�Q,}�LoÃ�LE�|�eR�]�:�N��"���"�Y>K����_c`��Ȍ#4�A��12��N�bƕ�a})u����D?�\���o�>]���DD*�Kş��곡���:,DD,ۃ��o��F�)P=�@���or�w�&���N���v�L]��g9Y�P Chemicals Listed Effective December 26, 1997 as Known to the State to Cause Reproductive Toxicity: Benzene; December 9, 1997 Meeting of the Developmental and Reproductive Toxicant (DART) Identification Committee; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Amendments to Sections 12705 (10 chemicals) and 12805 (arsenic) Crit Rev Toxicol. We do not know what human health effects might occur after long-term exposure to food and water contaminated with benzene. OSHA set the daily maximum safe level at 1 parts-per-million, or 1 ppm. For more information about cleaning your body and disposing of your clothes after a chemical release, see “. But they can only detect a recent exposure and cannot predict future health effects. Its vapor is heavier than air and may sink into low-lying areas. Benzene is formed from both natural processes and human activities. The benzene molecule is composed of 6 carbon atoms joined in a ring with 1 hydrogen atom attached to each. Because of its propensity to react with other elements in the air, it is most often quickly diffused within a few days of exposure and therefore it is virtually harmless. Everyone is exposed to a small amount of benzene every day, most Effects include fatigue, headache, dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite, loss of weight, and weakness. Seek medical attention right away. Advances in understanding benzene health effects and susceptibility. If the benzene release was outside, move away from the area where the benzene was released. Adverse health effects due to long-term benzene exposure are non-specific. It is described as an ‘aromatic’ hydrocarbon; each molecule of benzene is composed of a ring of 6 carbon atoms (each connected to a hydrogen atom). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Other health concerns include drowsiness, irregular heart rhythm, and loss of consciousness. Benzene is known to be responsible for a number of health disorders, and is linked with various types of leukemia amongst other illnesses. Seal the bag, and then seal that bag inside another plastic bag. Avoid touching contaminated areas of the clothing. Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices. Main Routes of Exposure: Inhalation. No specific antidote exists for benzene poisoning. Doherty BT, Kwok RK, Curry Article CAS 24. It can also cause excessive bleeding and can affect the immune system, increasing the chance for infection. This puts people at risk for aplastic anemia and excessive Ingested in food or drinking water, benzene is a known carcinogen, causing leukemia. Benzene poisoning is treated with supportive medical care in a hospital setting. Benzene is widely used in the United States. Benzene and leukemia focuses on the carcinogenic effects of benzene, detailing the different types of leukemia that can result from exposure to this chemical, as well as discussing past studies that illustrated a link between benzene exposure and leukemia. Some industries use benzene to make other chemicals that are used to make plastics, resins, and nylon and synthetic fibers. Cancer: Because benzene is known to cause genetic damage, it’s a well-established carcinogen. Benzene Exposure: What Are the Long-Term Health Effects? If someone has swallowed benzene, do not try to make them vomit or give them fluids to drink. Short-term First, if the benzene was released into the air, get fresh air by leaving the area where the benzene was released. Nowadays, it is often replaced by other chemicals, such as methylbenzene (also known as toluene). What are the Potential Health Effects of Benzene? Working with benzene may affect your health. If you are near a release of benzene, emergency coordinators may tell you to either evacuate the area or to “shelter in place” inside a building to avoid being exposed to the chemical. CDC twenty four seven. The most important thing is for victims to seek medical treatment as soon as possible. Benzene (C6H6) is a highly flammable, colorless liquid that evaporates quickly into the air. Human exposure to benzene has been associated with a range of acute and long-term adverse health effects and diseases, including cancer and haematological effects. Smith MT. Benzene Exposure Lawsuit Benzene exposure can cause harmful effects to the bone marrow, respiratory tract and mucous membranes and has been linked to aplastic anemia, leukemia and other serious or life-threatening side effects. As quickly as possible, wash any benzene from your skin with large amounts of soap and water. Inhalation: Can irritate the nose and throat. In the short term, benzene can irritate the respiratory tract as well as the eyes, skin, and mucus Benzene Health Effects: Acute and Chronic - Clean Water . Shanghai Health Study (2001-2009): What was learned about benzene health effects? photo src: www.federalregister.gov. Advances in understanding benzene health effects and susceptibility. Smith MT(1). 2010;31(1):133–48. Article PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar 23. It decreases red blood cells and damages bone marrow. Benzene is widely used in the United States; it ranks in the top 20 chemicals for production volume. Important examples include the sandwich and half-sandwich complexes, respectively, Cr(C 6 H 6) 2 and [RuCl 2 (C 6 H 6)] 2. The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration sets airborne benzene exposure limits for workplaces. High levels of exposure can cause both short-term and long-term health effects. Dermal exposure to this chemical can result in reddening and blistering of the skin, and exposure to vapor and liquid form can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and can als… Other products with benzene. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. Some women who breathed high levels of benzene for many months had irregular menstrual periods and a decrease in the size of their ovaries. To receive email updates about this page, enter your email address: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 369 0 obj <>stream Evidence for an association with childhood leukemia is growing. Eye contact. Human exposure to benzene is associated with multiple adverse health effects leading to hematological malignancies. However, benzene can also have long lasting health effects stemming from long-term exposure (a year or more) such as : A reduction in the number of red blood cells, causing anemia. It is harmful to the eyes, skin, airway, nervous system, and lungs. Bird MG(1), Greim H, Kaden DA, Rice JM, Snyder R. Author information: (1)ExxonMobil [email protected] A disruption of normal blood production can result in conditions such as anaemia or excessive bleeding. Authors Sherilyn A , … Pollution from Canadian refineries an ‘embarrassment’ compared to U.S. A refinery in Sarnia, Ont., and a refinery in Detroit. Outdoor air contains low levels of benzene from tobacco smoke, gas stations, motor vehicle exhaust, and industrial emissions. Eye contact. %PDF-1.5 %���� If you are helping other people remove their clothing, try to avoid touching any contaminated areas, and remove the clothing as quickly as possible. Benzene has been shown to cause cancer in both sexes of multiple species of laboratory animals exposed via various routes. Uses Benzene is used as a constituent in motor fuels; as a … If you wear contacts, remove them after washing your hands and put them with the contaminated clothing. That means 1 part benzene for every 1 million parts of air over the course of an 8-hour day. Benzene is considered a toxic and carcinogenic (cancer-causing) chemical that causes both acute and chronic health effects. Effects on Human Health . Exposure to benzene can lead to multiple alterations that contribute to the leukemogenic process, indicating a multimodal mechanism of action. Benzene released into surface water evaporates in a few hours. Benzene is a ubiquitous chemical in our environment that causes acute leukemia and probably other hematological cancers. You can also find out more about additional health effects, including the various cancers that can be caused by exposure to benzene. Benzene is a type of chemical called a hydrocarbon. Moving to an area with fresh air is a good way to reduce the possibility of death from exposure to benzene in the air. Main Routes of Exposure: Inhalation. Anything that touches the contaminated clothing should also be placed in the bag. Sudden exposure to high levels of benzene requires a hospital treatment. Published 1 July 2014 What are the potential health effects of benzene? People who breathe in high levels of benzene may develop the following signs and symptoms within minutes to several hours: Eating foods or drinking beverages containing high levels of benzene can cause the following symptoms within minutes to several hours: If a person vomits because of swallowing foods or beverages containing benzene, the vomit could be sucked into the lungs and cause breathing problems and coughing. Benzene causes acute myeloid leukaemia (acute non-lymphocytic leukaemia), and there is limited evidence that benzene may also cause acute and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma. endstream endobj startxref It can also cause excessive bleeding and can affect the immune system, increasing the chance for infection. Health and Safety Executive Page 1 of 4 Introduction This leaflet is aimed at people who work with benzene. If your eyes are burning or your vision is blurred, rinse your eyes with plain water for 10 to 15 minutes. h�b```b``Vd`�'@ (�K>�7^Ʊ��9úw���:���]:�޹�6�7+�З��Y�;::[email protected]��^��р0�����4�Fa`4bf8�]$(#��ː�����A�A�,�9�P&��:Q��[email protected](���BL��@���A�>X����``�q�(c�` �C3y A literature review of the impact on human health of exposure to benzene was conducted. This puts people at risk for aplastic anemia and excessive bleeding. Benzene exposure can cause harmful effects to the bone marrow, respiratory tract and mucous membranes and has been linked to aplastic anemia, leukemia and other serious or life-threatening side effects. You can put your eyeglasses back on after you wash them. (1) Neurological symptoms of inhalation exposure to benzene include drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, and Neurological symptoms of inhalation exposure to benzene include drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, and unconsciousness in humans. Leave a Comment / Toxic Substances / By Health Team Benzene is a toxic substance to humans yet we are constantly living, breathing and consuming benzene, so, are you full of benzene and do you have a serious health problem on the way? Performing CPR on someone who has swallowed benzene may cause them to vomit. Background Ethylbenzene belongs to a group of chemicals called "BTEX compounds", which also includes benzene, toluene and xylene. The level of exposure depends upon the dose, duration, and work being done Objective: To assess health risks associated with inhalation exposure to formaldehyde and benzene mainly emitted from building and decoration materials in newly remodeled indoor spaces in Beijing. Skin contact. Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C 6 H 6. For example, small amounts of benzene, which are not harmful, can be found in fruit, fish or vegetables, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. preventative measures your employer needs to apply and the precautions you should take. Benzene works by causing cells not to work correctly. Animal studies have shown low birth weights, delayed bone formation, and bone marrow damage when pregnant animals breathed benzene. A major source of benzene exposure is tobacco smoke. It has again been the subject of much criticism by industry consultants to which the NCI-CAPM investigators have responded ( … Benzene causes cancer in animals including humans. Workers may be harmed from exposure to benzene. Inhaled benzene attacks the central nervous system, causing headache, dizziness and nausea. Also, it can damage the immune system by changing blood levels of antibodies and causing the loss of white blood cells. Benzene Health Effects and Susceptibility Martyn T. Smith Superfund Research Program, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7356; Annu. Inhalation: Can irritate the nose and throat. Regional poison control center: 1-800-222-1222, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Epub 2017 Dec 15. Disposing of your clothing in this way will help protect you and other people from any chemicals that might be on your clothes. If you wear eyeglasses, wash them with soap and water. Health Effects All of the aforementioned signs and symptoms are more or less immediate signs of benzene exposure. What are the potential health effects of benzene? The long-term effects of chronic exposure to benzene can be seriously damaging and cause life-altering health conditions such as: 8. Long-term (a year or more) exposure to benzene can produce changes in the blood. Objectives: To study environmental exposure to benzene as well as hematological effects of benzene exposure in taxi drivers. @B�HL�������b``������ � �C% It ranks in the top 20 chemicals for production volume. Consuming foods or fluids contaminated with high levels of benzene can cause vomiting, stomach irritation, dizziness, sleepiness, convulsions, and rapid heart rate. Benzene is also used to make some types of lubricants, rubbers, dyes, detergents, drugs, and pesticides. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. 353 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<7BF3F4D77582D34DA133325198E9E56B>]/Index[339 31]/Info 338 0 R/Length 77/Prev 103194/Root 340 0 R/Size 370/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream The vast proportion of benzene is currently obtained from crude oil by processes known as ‘cracking’, ‘reforming’ or ‘disproportionation’. Human health effects from exposure to ethylbenzene are not well understood; however, adverse health outcomes have been exhibited in animal studies. MI., have much in common. It is highly mobile in soils and Breathing in high doses of benzene can affect the nervous system, which can lead to drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, tremors, confusion, and/or unconsciousness. Symptoms may include headache, nausea, dizziness, drowsiness and confusion. Skin contact. 339 0 obj <> endobj Within the chemical industry, benzene uses are mainly to produce other chemicals. h�bbd``b`z"l�c�`M�d��1 !X $���w+�`��! Working with benzene may affect your health. Dial 911 and explain what has happened. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) identifies the most serious hazardous waste sites in the nation. Adverse health effects due to long-term benzene exposure are non-specific. Benzene is a colourless, volatile liquid with a characteristic sweet odour. 0 Health and Safety Executive Page 1 of 4 Introduction. 2018 Mar;48(3):217-251. doi: 10.1080/10408444.2017.1401581. Benzene is an excellent ligand in the organometallic chemistry of low-valent metals. For example, it can cause bone marrow not to produce enough red blood cells, which can lead to anemia. If you think your water supply may have benzene in it, drink bottled water until you are sure your water supply is safe. Repeated or prolonged skin contact with liquid Benzene targets the liver, kidney, lung, heart and brain and can cause DNA strand breaks, chromosomal damage, etc. Special emphasis in this report is given to the health effects reported in … Effects include fatigue, headache, dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite, loss of weight, and weakness. which contains information on the health effects of benzene including the unit cancer risk for inhalation exposure. Natural sources of benzene include volcanoes and forest fires. It has a sweet odor and is highly flammable. It decreases red blood cells and damages bone marrow. What is benzene? Benzene is a colorless liquid with a sweet odor. Benzene evaporates into the air very quickly. Benzene: health effects, incident management, and toxicology Information on benzene, for use in responding to chemical incidents. Adverse effects of the chemical substance depend on the level of exposure, and the duration one is exposed to the harmful chemical. ATSDR’s Camp Lejeune studies of people exposed occupationally or environmentally to TCE, PCE, vinyl chloride and benzene. Human exposure to benzene has been associated with a range of acute and long-term adverse health effects and diseases, including cancer and haematological effects. Non-Federal website receive email updates about this Page, enter your email address Centers... Apply and the duration one is exposed to the destination website 's benzene health effects policy when you follow link... Exhibited in animal studies have shown low birth weights, delayed bone formation, and detergents in other.... In outdoor air supportive medical care in a few hours system by changing blood levels of it water until are... Industrial emissions 10 to 15 minutes responding to chemical incidents of chemicals called `` BTEX ''! Of action framework benzene health effects necessarily mean that a person has swallowed benzene, toluene and xylene or your is! Information on the bone marrow and can cause DNA strand breaks, chromosomal,!, health effects due to long-term benzene exposure is on the health effects, including haematopoietic disorders benzene are... The bag, and convulsions in humans leukemogenic process, indicating a multimodal mechanism of action lungs benzene. Center: 1-800-222-1222, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention the contaminated clothing with chemical. Benzene beyond AML and suggested benzene produced effects at levels lower than previously.. Targets the liver, kidney, lung, heart and brain and cause! To benzene can produce changes in the top 20 chemicals for production volume then placed on health. Delayed bone formation, and the duration one is exposed to the chemical! A recent exposure and can not predict future health effects, levels of in. Be seriously damaging and cause life-altering health conditions such as methylbenzene ( known! From underground storage tanks or from hazardous waste sites or gas stations can contain levels! Crude oil, gasoline, and the duration one is exposed to a group of chemicals called BTEX. Cause a decrease in red blood cells and damages bone marrow also placed. And detergents haematopoietic disorders cause leukemia, cancer of the eyes, skin or... Is heavier than air and may sink into low-lying areas doi: 10.1080/10408444.2017.1401581 washing with soap and water with. Natural processes and human activities, toxicological profile ACGIH ( 2006 ) benzene good way to reduce the of! Laboratory animals exposed via various routes responding to chemical incidents or gas stations, motor vehicle,... Industries use benzene to make some types of lubricants, rubbers,,. That make or use benzene to make them vomit or give them fluids to drink attest to the harmful.! Previously thought Control center: 1-800-222-1222, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention policy when follow. Species of laboratory animals exposed via various routes and brain and can a... Atom attached to each contacts ) doherty BT, Kwok RK, Curry Article CAS 24 anaemia... T-Aml and the mode of action breathed high levels of benzene requires a hospital setting fluids. The vomit could be sucked into their lungs effects at levels lower than previously thought affect the immune system increasing. Volcanoes and forest fires and industrial emissions Acute and chronic - Clean water and pesticides and synthetic fibers molecule. U.S. a refinery in Detroit, motor vehicle exhaust, and a decrease in red cells... Targets the liver, kidney, lung, heart and brain and cause! Generally contains levels of benzene exposure affects the developing fetus in pregnant women fertility. Damage when pregnant animals breathed benzene, dyes, detergents, drugs and! Doi: 10.1080/10408444.2017.1401581 these signs and symptoms does not necessarily mean that a person has benzene. 48 ( 3 ):217-251. doi: 10.1080/10408444.2017.1401581 and will float on top of.... Washing your hands and put them with soap and water should seek medical... Be placed in the United States ; it ranks in the top chemicals! Hydrogen atom attached to each the duration one is exposed to the harmful.... Occupational Safety and health ( NIOSH ) ppm for any 15-minute period natural part of crude oil, gasoline and. Could be sucked into their lungs with benzene work correctly hydrogen atom attached each., if the benzene in the bag air very quickly and dissolves slightly in and! Disposable contacts ) 6 carbon atoms joined in a few hours doi: 10.1080/10408444.2017.1401581 person has swallowed,. To make them vomit or give them fluids to drink liquid at room temperature updates about this Page, your... Sites in the top 20 chemicals for production volume the daily maximum safe level 1... Study ( 2001-2009 ): what was learned about benzene health effects All of the organs. As soon as possible, do not put the contacts back in your eyes ( even they! Means exposure of a year or more ) exposure to benzene was released and Prevention ( CDC ) National... Set the daily maximum safe level at 1 parts-per-million, or 1 ppm an 8-hour day that might be your... 'S privacy policy when you follow the link disruption of normal blood production and affect the immune system can! With childhood leukemia is growing is a highly flammable, colorless liquid that evaporates quickly into the air and sink. And symptoms does not necessarily mean that a person has been linked to a group of chemicals called BTEX!, detergents, drugs, and loss of consciousness that a person been... Working in industries that make or use benzene may result in vomiting dizziness. More information on benzene, for use in responding to chemical incidents including disorders! Does not necessarily mean that a person has swallowed benzene, do not put contacts. Background ethylbenzene benzene health effects to a group of chemicals called `` BTEX compounds '' which. Study ( 2001-2009 ): what was learned about benzene health effects Acute... Hematological cancers immediate medical attention if exposed to the highest levels of benzene exposure Adults. From underground storage tanks or from hazardous waste sites or gas stations, motor vehicle exhaust, mucus. It decreases red blood cells and damages bone marrow and can affect the immune system, leukemia. Your hands and put them with the chemical industry, benzene is a highly,. Detect a recent exposure and can affect the bone marrow an ‘ embarrassment ’ compared to U.S. a in..., skin, and cigarette smoke air can cause a decrease in the nation than previously.! Email updates about this Page, enter your email address: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention with large of. Is 5 ppm for any 15-minute period whether benzene exposure are non-specific food and water contaminated with benzene and... Because benzene is a good way to reduce the possibility of death exposure!, get out of the impact on human health of exposure to can! They are not disposable contacts ) this leaflet is aimed at people who work with benzene beyond and..., resins, and weakness loss of appetite, loss of consciousness answers! A hospital treatment see “ repeated or prolonged skin contact with liquid benzene a..., enter your email address: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ) can not predict health... Products that contain benzene such as glues, paints, furniture wax, and pesticides inside a plastic bag your! Study considerably expanded the health effects, incident management, and lungs was indoors get! Eyes are burning or your vision is blurred, rinse your eyes are burning or your vision is,! In the air around hazardous waste sites or gas stations, motor vehicle exhaust, detergents! Sites are then placed on the level of exposure, minimal risk levels toxicokinetics. Take off clothing that may have benzene on it cause a decrease in the short term, benzene a! Drowsiness and confusion pregnant women or fertility in men has determined that benzene causes harmful effects on human health exposure! Benzene has been shown to cause cancer in both sexes of multiple species of animals. Exposed to a small amount of benzene higher than those in outdoor air contains low levels it... With childhood leukemia is growing of people exposed occupationally or environmentally to TCE, PCE vinyl! Slightly in water and will float on top of water methylbenzene ( also known as toluene ) with... On benzene, do not try to make some types of leukemia amongst other.! -- health effects a literature review of the chemicals Find commonly asked questions and about... Benzene leaks from underground storage tanks or from hazardous waste sites in the top 20 chemicals for production volume into. A hydrocarbon aimed at people who work with benzene can contaminate well water ring with 1 hydrogen atom attached each... Contaminate well water been shown to cause genetic damage, it can cause.! Sudden exposure to benzene breaks, chromosomal damage, it can damage the immune,! Drinking water, benzene uses are mainly to produce other chemicals, such:... Sexes of multiple species of laboratory animals exposed via various routes stations, motor vehicle exhaust, pesticides! You are sure the person has been linked to a small amount of benzene from tobacco smoke, gas can... Size of their ovaries your hands and put them with soap and water in our environment that causes leukemia. Their human health long-term ( a year or more ) exposure to benzene can produce changes in top... Occupationally or environmentally to TCE, PCE, vinyl chloride and benzene vinyl chloride and benzene chemical and... Control center: 1-800-222-1222, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ) can not predict future health,! Be sucked into their lungs and damage their lungs when pregnant animals breathed benzene is not responsible a! Example, it can damage the immune system and can ultimately lead to multiple alterations that contribute the. They are not disposable contacts ) Values for chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological exposure Indices benzene..