Betula utilis var. The bark of all birches is characteristically marked with long, horizontal lenticels, and often separates into thin, papery plates, especially upon the paper birch. Betula utilis is a valuable timber tree of commercial importance. In the late 19th century, Kashmiri pandits reported all of their books were written on Himalayan birch bark until Akbar introduced paper in the 16th century. Paste made from the bark is used as a poultice on cuts, wounds and burns. Silver Birch. The birch fibres are, however, easily fibrillated and give about 75% of the tensile strength of softwood. The heartwood is pink or light reddish brown. For Urinary Tract Conditions Birch leaves appear in wedged shaped that have a pleasant odor with a bitter taste. Leaves and twigs are often boiled to make anti-inflammatory treatments. The simple leaves are alternate, singly or doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate. This happens on both the trunk and branches. In the fall the leaves turn a bright yellow before they are shed for the winter. It is closely related to the beech-oak family Fagaceae. There are some pests that feed on birch; you should keep your eyes peeled. With the popularity of Himalayan Birch trees increasing, there are a number of varieties to choose from. Aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in birch tar are irritating to the skin and hence no longer use is recommended. Because of this, birch tea can be used to help treat common joint conditions like arthritis and rheumatism. [12][13], Preliminary research indicates that the phytochemicals, betulin and possibly other triterpenes, are active in Episalvan gel and wound healing properties of birch bark. Other species with ornamental white bark include Betula ermanii, Betula papyrifera, Betula pendula and Betula raddeana. Staminate aments are pendulous, clustered or solitary in the axils of the last leaves of the branch of the year or near the ends of the short lateral branchlets of the year. It has been used in the treatment of hysteria and jaundice. Anther cells open longitudinally. [22] Frost once told "it was almost sacrilegious climbing a birch tree till it bent, till it gave and swooped to the ground, but that's what boys did in those days". It is an effective natural treatment for skin conditions like eczema, dermatitis, and furunculous. The most widespread use is for firewood, which has caused large areas of habitat to be eliminated or reduced. The perianth has four parts in male flowers, and is absent in the female flowers. The genus Betula contains a range of 30–60 species. It often grows among scattered conifers, with an undergrowth of shrubs that normally includes evergreen Rhododendron. Parts of the plant, including the fungal growth (bhurja-granthi) have also long been used in local traditional medicine. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. More Info. Female flowers are followed by drooping cone-like fruits that contain numerous small winged seeds which usually mature in July to August. Decoction of the bark of Himalayan Birch is used for sprinkling over fresh wounds to control bleeding and quicker healing. Inconspicuous; male flowers in cylindrical catkins; females also in a cylindrical structure, but much smaller. The classic Himalayan birch (Betula utilis var. The thin walls cause the fibre to collapse upon drying, giving a paper with low bulk and low opacity. Himalayan birch. Like many other herbal teas, birch leaf tea may help to promote a good night of sleep if you drink a cup or two just before bedtime. The genus Betula contains 30 to 60 known taxa of which 11 are on the IUCN 2011 Red List of Threatened Species. Baltic birch is among the most sought-after wood in the manufacture of speaker cabinets. Although bark color can be variable, the bark from this variety is considered to be the whitest found on any birch and is sometimes commonly called white-barked Himalayan birch. septentrionalis C.K.Schneid, Betula bhojpattra var. The leaves of the silver birch tree are used in the festival of St George, held in Novosej and other villages in Albania.[18]. Adaptation: Himalayan birch does best in full sun, but will tolerate light shade. Sanjukta Gupta, "Laká¹£mÄ« Tantra: A Pāñcarātra Text", Brill Archive, 1972. It may also help treat edema and flush the kidneys. Birch wood is sometimes used as a tonewood for semiacoustic and acoustic guitar bodies, and occasionally for solid-body guitar bodies. [19] It's associated with marriage and love. The effects are perhaps mild and doubtful to help you overcome more serious sleep issues, but if you are simply feeling a little on edge, it is worth giving it a go. Bark can be softened in oil and applied to rheumatic joints. Exhibits the brightest white bark of any tree for a truly distinctive and exciting show! It can also help maintain good liver and kidney health and may even help eradicate unsightly cellulite. SKU. Traditional uses and benefits of Himalayan Birch, https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/153060/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7157, https://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Betula+utilis, http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=e358, http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-21801, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betula_utilis. The white, paper-like bark was used in ancient times for writing Sanskrit scriptures and texts. Other Common names: White-barked Himalayan Birch. Each calyx bears four short filaments with one-celled anthers or strictly, two filaments divided into two branches, each bearing a half-anther. Cold Tolerance/Hardiness Zone 3. Noteworthy Characteristics Betula utilis is native to the Himalayas where it was discovered by Joseph Hooker in 1849. Leaves are ovate, double-serrate, yellow-green to green leaves 5 to 10 cm (2.0 to 3.9 in) long, with serrated margins, and slightly hairy. Mycorrhizal fungi, including sheathing (ecto)mycorrhizas, are found in some cases to be beneficial to tree growth.[6]. © 2020 Healthbenefitstimes. Use the leaf water to wash your skin paying particular attention to the affected areas. The silver birch tree is of special importance to the Swedish city of UmeÃ¥. The pistillate aments are erect or pendulous, solitary; terminal on the two-leaved lateral spur-like branchlets of the year. Leaves and the bark are used to make an anti-inflammatory tea to help treat various forms of... 2. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. Originally discovered in the Himalayan Mountains. Powder of the bark is applied over the scalp region as part of the treatment in psychiatric diseases. Old Irish bethe, Welsh bedw). It bears alternately arranged, ovate, dark green leaves, which warm up to bright yellow in fall before they shed for the winter. Raised lumps or ridges can be seen on the trunk and branches. Selected varieties are used for landscaping throughout the world, even while some areas of its native habitat are being lost due to overuse of the tree for firewood. It is also a common material used in mallets for keyboard percussion. The scales of the staminate aments when mature are broadly ovate, rounded, yellow or orange color below the middle, dark chestnut brown at apex. It has also been used throughout the centuries as a general digestive tonic. Wood is tough, even grained, moderately hard, and elastic and is used for construction. What ... Q. The common name birch comes from Old English birce, bierce, from Proto-Germanic *berk-jōn (cf. In Celtic cultures, the birch symbolises growth, renewal, stability, initiation, and adaptability because it is highly adaptive and able to sustain harsh conditions with casual indifference. 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A Guide to Birch Tree Pests & Diseases. Bark is still used for writing sacred mantras, which are placed in an amulet and worn around the neck for protection or blessing. Birch has a natural resonance that peaks in the high and low frequencies, which are also the hardest for speakers to reproduce. [20] There are numerous folkloric Russian songs in which the birch tree occurs. People going to badrinath, kedarnath, gangotri tie its bark under their foot thus making their journey comfortable. Betula species are organised into five subgenera. Betula utilis, the Himalayan birch (bhojpatra, Sanskrit: भूर्ज bhūrjá), is a deciduous tree native to the Western Himalayas, growing at elevations up to 4,500 m (14,800 ft).The specific epithet, utilis, refers to the many uses of the different parts of the tree. Betula jacquemontii, also known as Himalayan Birch, has the most brilliant white bark of all the Birch trees. Graceful, open-branched pyramidal form. Whitebarked Himalayan Birch - single stem - Bower & Branch ... Common pest problems for Birches are the bronze Birch borer and the Birch leaf miner. Himalayan Silver Birch is used in Ayurvedic medicine as a treatment for convulsions, dysentery, hemorrhages, and skin diseases. Birch leaves can be used to make a tea or juiced to help treat inflammation or infection in the urinary tract. The bark of this elegant himalayan birch tree peels each year, revealing the next layer of perfectly white bark which is accentuated by lenticels lines. Also, the ice hockey team of UmeÃ¥ is called Björklöven, translated to English "The Birch Leaves". add interesting architectural form to your garden landscape. Flower arrangement, shape, and size. To protect the city against future fires, wide avenues were created, and these were lined with silver birch trees all over the city. Because of the need for greater volume and midrange clarity, drums were made almost entirely from maple until recently,[clarification needed] when advances in live sound reinforcement and drum microphones have allowed the use of birch in high-volume situations. This practice was stated as early as the 8th or 9th century CE, in the Lakshmi Tantra, a Pancaratra text. As they age, their bark exfoliates, even providing interest in the landscape in the Winter. Birches are early tree species to become established in primary successions, and can become a threat to heathland if the seedlings and saplings are not suppressed by grazing or periodic burning. I want to fill ... Q. Yellowing Leaves On A Silver Birch - I have six Silver Birch trees in a grove. display colorful and textural bark qualities that are unusual among tree species. Himalayan birch (Betula utilis) is a perennial tree that belongs to Betulaceae family.In ancient times, the bark of Himalayan birch was used as a paper for writing lengthy scriptures. A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula (/ˈbɛtjʊlə/),[2] in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams. They are in the genera Betula, which is the Latin word for “to shine,” and if you have a birch tree in your yard, you may agree that the tree seems to have a glow.How long do birch trees live? Light to part shade, especially afternoon shade. They often have very bent growth due to the pressure of the deep winter snow in the Himalaya. It is a medium sized tree that typically grows to 30-40’ (sometimes to 60-70') tall with an open pyramidal habit. Rounded open habit. Roots also tend to be on the […] Himalayan birch is a fast growing, deciduous tree that grows about 20 m (66 ft.) tall with an open pyramidal habit. 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