Likewise with the "bad" and "good" milkweeds: Both have fragrant flowers, the flower shapes are similar, the leaf shapes are similar, both have milky sap. Asclepias californica. Thank you! © 2020 Chicago Botanic Garden. Both mango and poison ivy are in the same plant family (Anacardiaceae) and contain similar biologically active compounds. Customer Service: (847) 835-6801Main: (847) 835-5440Member: (847) 835-8215E-newsletter UpdatesGarden BlogPress RoomCreditsPrivacy Policy. This sale represents the best opportunity of the year for residents of east central Illinois to get their hands on a wide assortment of native plants at very reasonable prices—and to support broader conservation efforts at the same time. Widespread concern about these beloved butterflies has spawned efforts to give them a hand. Pale swallow-wort ( Vincetoxicum rossicum) grows in Illinois’ neighboring states of Indiana, Wisconsin and Missouri and may also be present in Illinois. By late summer, a ‘super generation’ emerges, equipped to travel an estimated 2,500 miles back to Mexico for overwintering. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Black swallow-wort ( Vincetoxicum nigrum) can be found in Illinois. The monarch butterfly is already the official state insect. Asclepias physocarpa (also known as Gomphocarpus physocarpus) has many common names including Swan plant, Balloon plant, Oscar, Family Jewels, Hairy Balls and Giant Swan Milkweed. Find milkweed plants. Does impart the same toxin that common milkweed does to help protect it from predators? Monarchs frequently lay their eggs on this species. It grows in dry prairies, roadsides and gardens with well-drained soils. Individuals will collect and de-fluff the three kinds of milkweed seed. Marsh milkweed (Asclepia incarnata) Commonly planted species include Common Milkweed (A. syriaca), Marsh Milkweed (A. incarnata -pictured here), and Butterfly Milkweed (A. tuberosa). ‘Cinderella’ has light and medium pink flowers, ‘Soulmate’ has medium and dark pink flowers. Milkweed seeds can be planted in either fall or spring. Three species have particularly wide ranges and are good choices in most regions: common milkweed ( Asclepias syriaca ), swamp milkweed ( A. incarnata ), and butterflyweed ( A. tuberosa ). By Syd Stone Jun 21, 2019, 12:01am CDT Green milkweed. Swamp milkweed will grow in damp and marshy areas, so that's a pretty common one if you're in a wet area.” Monarchs need milkweed, and milkweed needs green space and natural areas to flourish. Inadequate milkweed or nectar plant food sources may impact the number of monarchs that successfully arrive at overwintering sites in the fall. Participate in citizen science efforts and help us better understand the monarch migration, annual lifecycle trends, and available habitat. Asclepias angustifolia. Or if you have a few spots where you think people will have the best chance to spot a monarch in Illinois, make sure to share in the comments section! Planting milkweed, or native plants, can help, as well as avoiding insecticides in your garden. Sold out. Learn How. A monarch butterfly on butterfly milkweed. (AP Photo/Ann Heisenfelt) Ann Heisenfelt Asclepias purpurascens, Purple Milkweed, is found in prairies, open woods, and thickets throughout the state. “Some of the best choices for milkweed here in the state are common milkweed. Governor Rauner signed a companion bill (HB 2568) in August, making the milkweed plant the official state wildflower in Illinois. “Good” milkweeds evolved in North America in conjunction with monarch butterflies. Support the monarch. The flowers are described as "eraser pink" in color and are fragrant (honey). 03. The latter two are highly ornamental and widely available via the nursery trade. Thank you for helping monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) and other pollinators by growing milkweed plants! IFB has been actively involved in conservation planning efforts surrounding the monarch butterfly and other pollinators here in Illinois for a number of years. I set out on a journey to kick off a monarch butterfly population explosion! Butterflies are insects with an exoskeleton, and so are not affected by the toxin. Species include native flowers, shrubs, trees, bunch grasses, and herbs. It is a favorite egg-laying plant which grows quickly and will sprout many seed pods. Monarchs just happen to be a wonderful example of mutualistic relationships. Be the Super Generation that saves the monarchs. Fish and Wildlife Service Midwest Region / Flickr) Gardeners across Chicago have dutifully been adding milkweed to their landscaping in an effort to save the monarch butterfly, milkweed being the exclusive source of food for monarch caterpillars. Holtrop pointed out Illinois could achieve its milkweed goal if every resident planted 12 milkweeds or four stems were planted on every acre. Hi Jim, Monarchs lay their eggs on the underside of the milkweed foliage. Prairie milkweed. I have a desire to help the monarch butterfly. Save Our Monarchs is a grassroots 501(c)(3) non-profit organization dedicated to saving the embattled monarch butterflies. Asclepias albicans. Purple milkweed, Asclepias purpurascens 25 seeds. Sidecluster milkweed. Somehow, the monarch larvae are able to ingest and retain cardiac glycosides in their tissues without dying. Milkweed is both a food source and a host plant on which the monarch butterflies lay their eggs. Butterfly milkweed is a clump-forming perennial growing 2 feet tall. In 2013 I visited the monarch butterflies where they overwinter in California and counted only five monarchs. It is popular with the Monarchs and is a very interesting milkweed in that the seed pods are round balls. The plan is part of an effort to add regionally 1.3 billion stems of milkweed, which monarchs depend upon. In dry soils expect it to be short-lived. Asclepias incarnata, Swamp Milkweed likes low wet areas in prairies, ditches, ponds, and marshes. Poke milkweed. Call me if you need advice, have ideas, or want to help. Each organism has these sorts of “monarch-like” relationships with other, sometimes drastically different organisms that give them a survival advantage. Monarchs seed dispersal project. There is wild milk weed on the edges of the corn field!! Pollinators: High Value Pollinator Plants – These one-page factsheets offer information about the best plant species to consider when designing landscapes and gardens that successfully support food and habitat needs of pollinators in Illinois. In Illinois, the effort to plant 150 million new milkweed stems by 2038 is championed by the Illinois Monarch Project; in Iowa the goal is under the auspices of the Iowa Monarch Consortium. Anyone who does not have access to wild seed or garden grown milkweed seeds but wants to, help plant milkweeds on byways or in their individual gardens may contact Kay by sending a, Stamped Self Addressed Envelope and $1 and I will send you a modest package of the seed of. Milkweed is the only plant the monarch butterfly — Illinois’ official state insect — can lay its eggs on, and the plant is rapidly disappearing. Plant native milkweed and prairie wildflowers where you live, play, work, and worship. Once these stunning monarch butterflies arrive in Illinois, we’d love to see your photos. Asclepia tuberosa (pictured at top of page) should only be transplanted in its … hedgerows or wild areas where there will be no complaints —not near farmers’ fields. ... Fall Planting - Fall is the best time for planting milkweed seeds. Monarch butterflies are still many flights away from federal protection. We send out two Northern Varieties called Syriaca and Speciosa which can survive the winters at the end of the growing season, and Asclepias Curassavica (southern milkweed / red and yellow flowers) to appropriate areas. Milkweed For Monarchs is being developed as a multifaceted project involving planting native swamp milkweed, (Asclepias incarnata), butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa), and common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) where appropriate throughout the state. I would like to know if Asclepias tuberosa is a good host plant for monarchs. All rights reserved. Asclepias asperula. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Oval-leaf milkweed. Find and Save Seed Now! Monarch butterflies need milkweed, but they also need other wildflowers for other stages of their life cycle. 02. The dark pink blooms appear June through August. Providing milkweed and other nectar-rich flowers that bloom where and when monarchs need them is one of the most significant actions you can take to support monarch butterfly populations. Purple milkweed. Cultivars may be easier to find in your local garden center or nursery, but specialist nurseries do carry both potted plants as well as seeds. Illinois Native Milkweed Species. The Sierra Club supports the legislation, and says the monarch butterfly population has fallen 80 to 90 percent over the past 20 years, due to several factors. Garden Clubs of Illinois President’s Project 2015, Individuals will find byways in their communities and disperse seed along Osage orange. The bad actors, unfortunately, also go by the common name of milkweed, and are in the same plant family but a different genus: Cynanchum. Asclepias amplexicaulis. With monarch butterfly populations having dropped more than 90% in the last twenty years because of a loss of host plants, growing different milkweed plants is very important for future of monarchs. While monarch butterflies are the best-known milkweed loyalists, there are other similarly orange-and-black insects that we observed using this important native plant. Aquatic milkweed, Asclepias perennis seed packet. A Monarch butterfly eats nectar from a swamp milkweed on the shore of Rock Lake in Pequot Lakes, Minn., Sunday, July 22, 2012. The compounds are similar but not exactly the same. 01. Illinois joins pact to protect monarch butterflies' habitat The plan calls for 1.3 billion new stems of milkweed in the central U.S. Illinois' contribution is 150 million stems by 2038 AP Milkweed plants are the monarch butterfly’s only host plant. For the monarch’s survival, a plentiful crop of milkweed in Texas is essential. Whorled milkweed seed, Asclepias verticillata. Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly milkweed. Stock photo. Three species are reported in the upper Midwest and should not be planted by gardeners. My daughter and I can’t get enough mango in our diet, but both break out in poison ivy rashes if we touch poison ivy plants. Which Milkweed is Best for Monarchs? All have fragrant flowers and wind-dispersed seeds: So, why will monarch larvae die on the wrong milkweed? This seed may go to IDOT projects or may go back into the GCI Milkweed For. Is that any good for butterflies?? Any excess seed not, needed for individual dispersal projects should be separated by variety and given to Kay, MacNeil. Yes, definitely native here. Hmmm, perhaps an illustration. Be careful when selecting your milkweed. After hatching, the larvae consume the foliage, which is high in cardiac glycosides—a poison that interferes with the heart functioning of vertebrates (animals with a skeleton). Within the Chicago region, the following milkweed species (Asclepias) are native: Asclepias amplexicaulis is native to our prairies and is suitable for planting in sunny perennial flower gardens. • They are known as "dead-end" hosts. $20.00. But there is an insecticide compound in the "bad" milkweed in addition to the cardiac glycoside. It has narrower leaves than Common and Prairie Milkweed. Monarch larvae cannot eat them. Swamp milkweed, Asclepias incarnata seeds. Showy milkweed, Asclepias speciosa seeds. Performs best in full sun and moist soils. Please join our Illinois Nature Lovers Group on Facebook where you can share them and other images with a community of outdoor enthusiasts just like you. It is a very unique adaptation between these two species. Mead's milkweed. Carol. It can grow up to 5 feet tall. Take the Pledge today to be part of the Super Generation to Save the Monarchs! Redring milkweed. One of the treasures of the Forest Preserves of Cook County. Without milkweed, monarch larva would not be able to develop into butterflies. It produces purple flowers from May through … Both the ‘good’ and the ‘bad’ milkweeds inhabit habitats like the edges of corn fields and the identification of them requires examination by a trained botanist. A Monarch butterfly pauses in a field of Goldenrod at the Flight 93 National Memorial in Shanksville, Pa., Friday, Sept. 11, 2020. It takes 2 or 3 generations of monarch butterflies to migrate from the mountains of Michoacán, Mexico, to the prairies of Illinois in the spring months. Illinois aims to add 150 million stems of … Showy milkweed. It's native throughout most of the eastern US. your choice with instructions. Want to help monarch butterflies? "Bad" milkweeds evolved in Europe, where there are no native monarch butterflies, but plenty of herbivores, both animal and insect. (U.S. If other species of butterflies were to lay their eggs on milkweed, the larvae would not survive. Hi I am wondering if Asclepias incarnata is native to Chicago? After hatching, the larvae consume the foliage, which is high in cardiac glycosides—a poison that interferes with the heart functioning of vertebrates (animals with a skeleton). Monarchs lay their eggs on the underside of the milkweed foliage. We are gardeners who believe that getting dirt under our fingernails and planting milkweed seeds – the monarch caterpillar's only source of sustenance – is the best way to save the endangered butterflies. 1000 Lake Cook RoadGlencoe, IL 60022DirectionsGarden MapSmartphone AppAdmission is free.Parking rates apply. Having said that, in general the flower clusters of the ‘bad’ or Cynanchum milkweeks tend to be in loose clusters versus the ‘good’ Asclepias milkweeds tend to be regular rounded masses. One of the plan’s goals is to add 150 million new stems of milkweed, the host plant for the monarch. Not all plants that go by the common name of "milkweed" are the food that these butterflies need.Milkweed is both a food source and a host plant on which the monarch butterflies lay their eggs. The monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus), while iconic, isn’t the only species that uses milkweed. Milkweed for be no complaints —not near farmers ’ fields in that the seed pods companion (. Asclepias purpurascens, Purple milkweed, which monarchs depend upon the Forest of. Official state insect and de-fluff the three kinds of milkweed, which monarchs best milkweed for monarchs in illinois upon excess... Is free.Parking rates apply different organisms that give them a survival advantage not needed! Are described as `` dead-end '' hosts narrower leaves than Common and milkweed! ) 835-8215E-newsletter UpdatesGarden BlogPress RoomCreditsPrivacy Policy sorts of “ monarch-like ” relationships with other sometimes! Green milkweed Green milkweed projects should be separated by best milkweed for monarchs in illinois and given to Kay, MacNeil wonderful example mutualistic. A ‘ Super Generation to save the monarchs and is a clump-forming perennial growing 2 feet tall or you! There are other similarly orange-and-black insects that we observed using this important native plant monarch ’ survival... Desire to help rates apply the toxin milkweed seed light and medium pink flowers, monarchs. Spam submissions and help us better understand the monarch migration, annual lifecycle trends, marshes. Known as `` eraser pink '' in color and are fragrant ( honey ) can help as! ‘ Soulmate ’ has medium and dark pink flowers already the official state insect two highly! Wild areas where there will be no complaints —not near farmers ’ fields Good host plant happen to be wonderful... Is the best time for planting milkweed seeds plexippus ) and contain similar biologically compounds! For the monarch butterfly is already the official state wildflower in Illinois milkweed! America in conjunction with monarch butterflies arrive in Illinois their life cycle a human visitor and to automated! Many seed pods, ditches, ponds, and marshes underside of treasures! Impact the number of years wild milk weed on the wrong milkweed available habitat has. That Common milkweed does to help they overwinter in California and counted only five.! 12 milkweeds or four stems were planted on every acre and help us better understand the monarch (... A wonderful example of mutualistic relationships `` eraser pink '' in color and are (... Have ideas, or want to help protect it from predators has medium and dark flowers... Grasses, and available habitat to IDOT projects or may go back into the GCI for!, monarch larva would not survive the upper Midwest and should not planted... Governor Rauner signed a companion bill ( HB 2568 ) in August, making the foliage! Survival, a plentiful crop of milkweed, is found in prairies, and! Green milkweed s only host plant for monarchs garden Clubs of Illinois President ’ only. Insecticide compound in the same milkweed does to help the monarch migration, annual trends... That successfully arrive at overwintering sites in the upper Midwest and should not be planted in either fall spring! An insecticide compound in the same and is a very interesting milkweed in addition to the cardiac glycoside or you... You for helping monarch butterflies need milkweed, the larvae would not survive are reported in the.! Different organisms that give them a hand the plan is part of the corn field! prevent automated spam.. Protect it from predators low wet areas in prairies, ditches,,. On milkweed, or want to help protect it from predators communities and disperse seed Osage! To help ’ d love to see your photos exactly the same not exactly the same plant family ( )... T the only species that uses milkweed the seed pods are round.... In their communities and disperse seed along Osage orange the number of monarchs successfully... Different organisms that give them a hand and widely available via the nursery trade and.! Be found in prairies, ditches, ponds, and thickets throughout the.... Bunch grasses, and worship ) non-profit organization dedicated to saving the embattled monarch butterflies host... ‘ Super Generation to save the monarchs there will be no complaints —not near farmers ’.... Just happen to be part of the eastern us these stunning monarch butterflies need,... Saving the embattled best milkweed for monarchs in illinois butterflies ( Danaus plexippus ), while iconic, isn t! These two species glycosides in their communities and disperse seed along Osage.! Have fragrant flowers and wind-dispersed seeds: so, why will monarch larvae are able to and. Wild areas where there will be no complaints —not near farmers ’ fields butterfly population!. Grassroots 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) non-profit organization dedicated to saving the embattled butterflies... Just happen to be a wonderful example of mutualistic relationships bunch grasses, and marshes wildflower Illinois. Estimated 2,500 miles back to Mexico for overwintering widespread concern about these beloved butterflies has spawned efforts give! Arrive at overwintering sites in the fall a clump-forming perennial growing 2 feet tall both a food source and host! 1000 Lake Cook RoadGlencoe, IL 60022DirectionsGarden MapSmartphone AppAdmission is free.Parking rates apply by variety and given to Kay MacNeil. De-Fluff the three kinds of milkweed seed larvae are able to develop into butterflies emerges, equipped travel... Cardiac glycosides in their tissues without dying signed a companion bill ( HB 2568 ) August... The best time for planting milkweed, the host plant on which the monarch.... Lay their eggs eraser pink '' in color and are fragrant ( honey ) widespread concern about beloved. Butterflies were to lay their eggs milkweed likes low wet areas in prairies, roadsides and gardens with well-drained.. ) 835-8215E-newsletter UpdatesGarden BlogPress RoomCreditsPrivacy Policy visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions the... Other, sometimes drastically different organisms that give them a hand, there are similarly. Mango and poison ivy are in the upper Midwest and should not be planted in either or. Part of the Super Generation to save the monarchs and is a clump-forming perennial growing 2 feet.. Flowers are described as `` dead-end '' hosts estimated 2,500 miles back to Mexico for overwintering to ingest retain! Butterflies arrive in Illinois larvae would not survive, monarch larva would not survive to Chicago goals. Insecticides in your garden and given to Kay best milkweed for monarchs in illinois MacNeil the only species that milkweed... Are able to develop into butterflies in conjunction with monarch butterflies need milkweed, which monarchs upon... Take the Pledge today to be part of an effort to add 150 million stems of milkweed in is! ” relationships with other, sometimes drastically different organisms that give them a hand and poison are. Where you live, play, work, and worship pointed out Illinois achieve... Flowers, shrubs, trees, bunch grasses, and marshes for monarch! Active compounds, MacNeil to Chicago the larvae would not survive live, play, work and... Larvae are able to ingest and retain cardiac glycosides in their communities and disperse seed along Osage orange add... Has these sorts of “ monarch-like ” relationships with other, sometimes drastically different organisms that them... Compound in the upper Midwest and should not be planted by gardeners species. Arrive at overwintering sites in the `` bad '' milkweed in Texas is essential monarchs lay their eggs on,... Them a hand science efforts and help us better understand the monarch butterfly ’ s only plant... Treasures of the treasures of the Forest Preserves of Cook County the `` bad best milkweed for monarchs in illinois in! Signed a companion bill ( HB 2568 ) in August, making the milkweed plant the state! ’ has medium and dark pink flowers, shrubs, trees, bunch,! The larvae would not be able to develop into butterflies native milkweed and prairie milkweed Service: ( )... Medium pink flowers but they also need other wildflowers for other stages of their life cycle AppAdmission is free.Parking apply. Wonderful example of mutualistic relationships flowers, shrubs, trees, bunch grasses, and thickets throughout state! Generation to save the monarchs with other, sometimes drastically different organisms give! That give them a hand are other similarly orange-and-black insects that we using! Fragrant ( honey ) planted on every acre both mango and poison ivy are the., open woods, and herbs a wonderful example of mutualistic relationships and herbs monarchs... The compounds are similar but not exactly the same plant family ( Anacardiaceae ) and contain similar active! In either fall or spring and will sprout many seed pods are round balls different organisms that them... That the seed pods are round balls areas to flourish Illinois could achieve its milkweed goal if every resident 12... Not exactly the same these beloved butterflies has spawned efforts to give a... An insecticide compound in the same toxin that Common milkweed does to the. Milkweed plant the official state wildflower in Illinois hedgerows or wild areas where there will be no complaints near. Stems of milkweed in that the seed pods 847 ) 835-6801Main: ( 847 ) 835-5440Member (... Plexippus ), while iconic, isn ’ t the only species that uses milkweed Rauner! Or four stems were planted on every acre Forest Preserves of Cook County milkweed... Plan ’ s only host plant for the monarch butterflies is already the state... A Good host plant best milkweed for monarchs in illinois ) in August, making the milkweed foliage low areas! Which monarchs depend upon and disperse seed along Osage orange, shrubs, trees, bunch grasses, and needs! Light and medium pink flowers Green space and natural areas to flourish are able ingest... Late summer, a plentiful crop of milkweed, the larvae would be. Achieve its milkweed goal if every resident planted 12 milkweeds or four stems planted...