Linear Formula H 2 C=CHCl . Wear normal fire kit in combination with breathing apparatus*. At concentrations of about 3.6 percent VCM in air, VCM can be an explosion hazard. It is flammable (burns easily) as a gas and is not stable at high temperatures. Acute (short-term) exposure to high levels of vinyl chloride in air has resulted in central nervous system (CNS) effects, such as dizziness, drowsiness, and headaches in humans. Explosion and Fire at Formosa Plastics Corporation, USA, Illiopolis, Illinois Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) is a colorless, flammable gas at room temperature. Compendium of Chemical Hazards: Vinyl Chloride Page 3 of 4 General Information Exposure to vapours can cause weakness, effects on balance, headache, fatigue, numbness, tingling sensation, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain and sight and hearing disturbances, coughing, wheezing and breathlessness, headache and drowsiness. Vinyl chloride ≥99.5% Synonym: Chloroethylene CAS Number 75-01-4. causes damage to liver, … Vinyl Chloride 75-01-4 _____ Hazard Summary . Vinyl chloride and Poly vinyl chloride PVC health hazards: Possible Hazards Associated with Vinyl Building Products, Production, Odors in Normal Use, or During Demolition, Disposal, Combustion in Fires? EC Number 200-831-0. Skin corrosion/irritation . On both occasions, the polymer appeared as a white solid inside flasks of vinyl chloride that had been left exposed to sunlight. From production through disposal, vinyl chloride threatens health and contaminates the environment. Many scientists believe there is no safe level of exposure to a carcinogen. Global Harmonization System (GHS) Classification: Category 2 . The purpose of the national emission standard for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP) is to minimize vinyl chloride emissions from process and fugitive emission sources in ethylene dichloride, vinyl chloride and polyvinyl chloride production categories to the level attainable with best available control technology. Section 16 - Additional Information … SECTION 2 – HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION . VCM is often stored as a liquid under pressure. Molecular Weight 62.50 . Category 1 . Compendium of Chemical Hazards: Vinyl Chloride Page 2 of 11 Incident Management Hazard Identification Standard (UK) dangerous goods emergency action codes UN 1086 Vinyl chloride, stabilized EAC 2YE Use fine water spray can be used. Vinyl Chloride is practically insoluble in water. Protect from sunlight. Vinyl chloride is considered in the WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality (GDWQ). Vinyl Chloride is highly reactive and can react with oxidizing agents and many other organic compounds. Breathing high levels of vinyl chloride for short periods of time can cause dizziness, sleepiness, unconsciousness, and at extremely high levels can cause death. Beilstein/REAXYS Number 1731576 . Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H2C=CHCl that is also called vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) or chloroethene. Polyvinyl Chloride 39002-86-2 99+% 15 mg/m as Nuisance Dust 15 mg/m3 as Nuisance Dust Bis(2 -ethylhexyl) Phthalate* 117-81-7 < 1% 5 mg/m3 5 mg/m3 Vinyl Chloride Monomer** 75-01-4 < 8.5 ppm 1 ppm 5 ppm * Bis( 2-ethylhexyl) phthalate is an NTP anticipated human carcinogen and IARC possible human carcinogen. Vinyl Chloride: Toxic Hazards and Precautions (Environmental Hygiene Guidance Note) | Health and Safety Executive (HSE) | ISBN: 9780118857307 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Cancer Hazard Vinyl Chloride is a CARCINOGEN in humans. This colorless compound is an important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Vinyl chloride: incident management Ref: PHE publications gateway number 2014790 PDF , 77.3KB , 11 pages This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology. may produce symptoms of central nervous system depression including headache, dizziness, nausea, loss of balance and drowsiness. Most vinyl chloride is used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic and vinyl products. Vinyl chloride has been used in the past as a refrigerant. Vinyl chloride liquid and vapour are highly flammable. Vinyl is manufactured by polymerizing (linking together) a chemical called vinyl chloride. Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H2C=CHCl that is also called vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) or chloroethene. Specific target organ toxicity - Single and repeated exposure . IF exposed or concerned: Get medical attention. Vinyl chloride is used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Aerobic … There is limited evidence that Vinyl Chloride is a teratogen in animals. Gas LG; H280 Carc. The presence of oxygen stimulates the degradation of vinyl chloride and is the basis upon which ORC has been shown to effectively treat this contaminant. contact with liquid may cause frostbite to exposed tissue. It has been shown to cause liver, brain, lung, and other types of cancer. The required development the software of chemical process gives significant impact in chemical process simulation. It is also known as chloroethene, chloroethylene, ethylene monochloride, or monochloroethylene. Vinyl chloride (VC) is a common groundwater contaminant usually associated with higher order chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs) such as perchloroethylene (PCE), trichloroethylene (TCE), and dichloroethylene (DCE). To determine the PNEC value, three different trophic levels are considered: aquatic plants, invertebrates and fishes. Direct contact with open flames or a high energy heat source will result in combustion. may cause cancer. Vinyl chloride is a colorless gas at normal temperatures. concentrations” (PNEC), expressed as a hazard quotient for the marine aquatic environment. This colorless compound is an important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Breathing vinyl chloride for long periods of time can result in permanent liver damage, immune reactions, nerve damage, and liver cancer. The vapour forms an explosive mixture with air. Category 2. Employers shall ensure that each employee has access to labels on containers of vinyl chloride and to safety data sheets, and is trained in accordance with the requirements of HCS and paragraph (j) of this section. for the hazard and dose-response assessment in IRIS pertaining to chronic exposure to vinyl chloride. IA; H350 03 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION MOST IMPORTANT HAZARDS SAFETY INFORMATION : PLEASE READ THIS SHEET CAREFULLY HEALTH EFFECTS Toxic; May cause cancer; Carcinogenicity, 1A, H350 PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL HAZARDS Extremely flammable, 1, H220 … PVC comes in two basic forms: rigid (sometimes abbreviated as RPVC) and flexible. About 13 billion kilograms are produced annually. Store in a well-ventilated place. (iii) Employers shall include vinyl chloride in the hazard communication program established to comply with the HCS (1910.1200). Gas 1; H220 Press. DRAFT DRAFT FOR PUBLIC COMMENT AND ii SCIENTIFIC REVIEW October 1999 LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. Cat.