https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsurg.2020.08.033. Emergency Medicine and Geriatrics trained, Educator, Professional nerd, mother of 4, excited about, Bridge to EM: Senior Medical Student Curriculum, GroundED in EM: A Third-Year Student Curriculum, PECARN Pediatric Head Trauma: Official Visual Decision Aid, A Starter’s Roadmap to EM Resources: Books, Websites, and Apps, D50 vs D10 for Severe Hypoglycemia in the Emergency Department, The Dirty Epi Drip: IV Epinephrine When You Need It, Tips for Interpreting the CSF Opening Pressure, Trick of the Trade: Mix Ceftriaxone IM with Lidocaine for Less Pain, Trick of the Trade: Urine Pregnancy Test Without Urine, Wellness and Resiliency during Residency: EM is a career with unresolved stories, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License, © Academic Life in Emergency Medicine - All Rights Reserved (except for the PV Cards and MEdIC Series PDFs). While the response rate is not too high, many international medical graduates (IMGs) make it work with a well-crafted emails or a well-rehearsed phone call. It will give you something to remember about the program, and also some ideas for questions to ask of the interviewers. Smile, have good eye contact, give a firm handshake, and sit up straight. Good: Strong LORs, former program is very supportive, outpatient observorship, inpatient externship, clinical experience (licensed and working). Many of the interviewers are coming in to interview on a day they would otherwise have had off. Thus, if you Certify when it is incomplete or contains mistakes, you are out of luck. RESIDENCY INTERVIEW • No one-size-fits-all structure for interview • Different sites will have different processes • Most programs will provide advance information on how the interview process will work (presentations, Q&A) • Students are strongly encouraged to: • … Among 2508 applicants, 750 (30%) provided the number of interview offers received and completed: 417 (56%) in Group 12+ and 333 (44%) in Group <12. The Applicant Match History available in the NRMP Registration, Ranking, and Results (R3) system should be used to determine whether applicants have existing Match commitments or are eligible for appointment before offering That way you can tailor your questions to their role. Purpose of Residency Interviews As you prepare for interviews, try to enjoy the process as much as possible. Programs may shy away from a resident who has to be emailed personally multiple times to fill out their paperwork or schedule their interview, as it is a red flag for requiring a lot of extra help in the future. First off, you should know that residency interview spots are precious. The Interviews. Your main objectives for the interview: Determine how well the […] And while it remains an exciting time for prospective residents, it’s no secret that the path to Match Day will look a little different for this year’s class due to COVID-19. If you are rude to the residency coordinator or require an extraordinary amount of help with scheduling, you can be sure the residency leadership will hear about it. Interviews can be stressful, especially when your future job is at stake and in the hands of the somewhat mysterious match process. Thank them for their time or for answering your questions. 2. tune in to find out! Most residency interviews are traditional one on one interviews or panel interviews – where two or more interviewers are asking questions. Do end well. What are you most proud of doing during medical school/college. Some interviewers read your personal statements, and others do not. So be encouraged! Look online to schedule things like airport shuttles and places to stay. 3. Don’t ramble. It is not required to send a thank you letter. So I would see myself working in academics? Do research? Reflect on your strengths. If applicants are capped at 12 interviews, Group <12 applicants will receive 9 interview offers on average and will reach 12 if programs increase the number of interviews offered by 20%. The world of residency applications is often an unexpectedly complex one. You will likely have 4 or more interviews of 10-20 minutes each. Most programs will provide advance information on how the interview will … Avoid saying things like “I was just a tech on that project to meet the research requirement for my school,” or “I learned I hated research.” Always focus on the positive part of the experience. The only section you can edit is the Personal Information. A big part of being a good resident is being a good communicator. Always be polite and respectful in your answers. For a more extensive one, see the ACP guide, the UNC guide, and the Big Interview guide. ALiEM is not endorsed by, sponsored by, or affiliated with the University of California San Francisco or any institution. Types of Questions Same as in -person interview. Tell me about an interesting case you have had. In models where applicants are uncapped in the number of interviews, Group <12 applicants receive <1 interview offer, even if programs increase the number of interviews offered and performed. Make a list of questions ahead of time that you want to ask about. Do keep up the energy and interest level. This is important for you, and also will allow you to be more prepared and informed when you go for your formal interviews. If you are ranked in a match-able range, and do not match there, the program leadership will know that you were dishonest. Why this specialty? Asking intelligent questions demonstrates to the interviewers your level of interest in their facility, and their residency program. You may be eccentric and creative in your dress at home, but for the interview day, you want to fit in when it comes to your attire, and stand out when it comes to your personality. Don’t be annoyed if the interviewer hasn’t read your application or has forgotten parts of it, such as where you went to college. There you have it – a list of the 30 behavioral questions to expect during residency interviews. Do ask lots of questions. Work in a major academic center? Don’t be arrogant. Residency involves a lot of paperwork from credentialing to immunization reviews, to completing your charts. Here are a few suggestions to on how to schedule residency interviews! Do a fellowship in something? Besides having a strong application and doing well on aways, there’s not much you can “do” to ensure more interviews. Do dress professionally. It is poor form and reflects poorly on you and your school. In addition to the formal interviews, common interview day activities include recruitment activities such as meals with current residents and faculty, question and answer sessions, and campus or city tours. However, they can be dangerous if you are too informal. No interaction between the applicant and the evaluator. How can you set yourself apart from hundreds of other applicants as someone who is a good fit for a program, who should be ranked highly, and who will be a great future resident – all in the course of a 15 minute interview? But remember, you are interviewing the entire time you are staying with that resident, because any concerning behavior will make it back to the program director. Residency application season for the NRMP 2021 Match is now in full swing. Use the following links to learn more about the best questions for residency interviews and the questions that you should ask on interview day. Discover 10 Steps to Prepare for Residency Interview Success here. Do take notes. sooo how are virtual residency interviews in a panorama going? Residency interview season: One of the most fun, yet stressful times in medical school. The most important piece of advice is… I want to start with the biggest piece of advice that I can give you as you embark on your interviews. While no one format exists, generally anticipate you’ll tour the facilities, as well as interview with the program director, two or three faculty members, and one or two residents. You are a medical student. This is one of a short series of posts (republished and updated new for 2018) hoping to help from the scheduling process, to the dinner and interview day, to communicating with programs, to making a rank list, all the way through the match.. Tell me about a challenging situation you had or a time when you disagreed with the management of a patient, and how you handled it. This is as much of an opportunity for you to interview programs, as for programs to interview you. The most important characteristics are intangible things such as: We can see things like leadership experience, grades, volunteer work, and research experience from your application. Don’t be casual even if your interviewer is a resident. During the interview we are looking at you as an overall person. Do keep your conversations and language professional. Don’t bring up controversial topics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. No residency program wants to be your fall-back, just-in-case option. This reflects poorly on you. As I mentioned, the magic number of interviews for Ortho was 12-14 for 90% chance of matching when I applied. Did not prepare for your interviews. On time is late, and 10 minutes late is unacceptable.” Certainly, catastrophes and transportation hiccups can happen, in which case, call the coordinator to let him or her know as soon as possible. Do be on time. We suggest sending a thank you note to all of your individual interviews as well as anyone with whom you may have connected that day such as a resident or residency coordinator. How to prepare for your residency interviews: dos, don’ts, and other crucial etiquette. May get some head-scratching after reading that headline but hear me out. Be able to speak about it articulately and with excitement. Do have questions. At the end of the interview, most interviewers will ask if you have any questions. How To Send It We suggest emailing thank you notes, if possible, since this allows the possibility of a reply. If asked about your experience rotating at another place, or even at your home institution, do not speak negatively about them. The authors sent an anonymous survey to all obstetrics and gynecology applicants registered through the Electronic Residency Application Service in February 2020 asking respondents to share demographics and number of interview offers received and completed. © 2020 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. This is an interview, after all. You do not want to risk getting into an argument with one of the residents who may have strong, opposite opinions. Saving Money on Residency Interviews By Paying For Your Parents. This application cycle, things will be drastically different: Because of COVID-19 health risks, the AAMC has wisely recommended that all medical school and residency interviews be conducted virtually. No one expects you to have your life all figured out yet. If the interviewer asks you how your day is, avoid responses like “pretty good” or “ok, but I’m pretty tired”. It is inappropriate to do so, and you never know if the interviewer’s significant other or parent might be a doctor in that specialty. 10 tips for acing your residency interviews Take your interviewing chops to the next level by trying these tips from physicians who’ve seen it all. Good luck! Different facilities will have different processes. Do be professional. Most programs participating in the Main Residency Match use the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS®) offered by the Association of American Medical Colleges®. Did not perform well in your interview(s). You have a lot to learn, which is why you are applying to residency. This list is by no means all-inclusive. We all use word fillers such as “like, um, you know”. As they go digital due to changes brought on for the 2021 application cycle aimed at reducing the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, the fundamentals of that key aspect of matching to a residency … You do not need to memorize your answers, but at least be able to articulate them well. Interview caps and preference signaling systems need to be urgently considered. Do be on time. And I will probably do an education fellowship? With this said, MMI interviews are becoming increasingly popular and are commonly used for larger programs with more residency spots such as internal medicine and family medicine. An essential skill during the Match cycle is how and when to contact the residency programs to request interviews. Do be excited about your activities and accomplishments. And then I would want to be involved in research?”. If you cancel an interview spot, then that is one spot wasted that could have been offered to one of the hundreds of other applicants who were turned down. This is your chance to impress them and sell yourself. So stay professional. After all, the interviewer is trying to find applicants who will work well as residents in the ED. Do practice your answers to the most common questions. It is ok to talk about differences in practice, and how you learned from it or read up on it to find out the evidence base for something, but hubris is another big red flag. What would make you a good fit for our program? An email is acceptable as well. First of all, not all programs are looking for that, and second of all, the interviewer will sense that you are telling them what you think they want to hear, rather than what is true. Since a compatible match is in everyone's best interest, you should encounter few to no adversarial interviews. For example, when asked about what your plans are in 10 years, think about what the following would sound like: “In ten years? Whether you are a forward thinking first year medical student who wants to set yourself up for success or an individual who is at the end of your medical school career and would like help improving your chances of matching into your dream specialty, we are here to help. Interviewers may ask about something you are proud of doing, or a major accomplishment. Why not? Also avoid inflecting every answer as if you are asking a question. No, I’m not saying support your parents – they’re likely still providing for you in some way. But if you do, make sure it is professional and legible (if hand written). You will likely have 4 or more interviews of 10-20 minutes each. Model assumptions were (1) applicants can complete all interviews they are offered because they are virtual; (2) interview offers that applicants in Group 12+ decline are subsequently offered to applicants in Group <12; (3) the proportions of interviews offered to Group 12+ and Group <12 will remain the same if programs chose to increase their total number of interview spots. This is in part to help answer anything you may have, but also it gives us a sense of how interested and prepared you are. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Do get any paperwork in on time. No one will look back in the future and hold you to these answers, but at least it shows that you have thought through your interests. About Us Our Team Annual Report Our Culture Contact Disclosures, ALiEMU ALiEM Cards Chief Resident Incubator Faculty Incubator Wellness Think Tank, ACEP Annals of Emergency Medicine EBSCO Health-DynaMed Plus Essentials of Emergency Medicine SAEM The Teaching CoOp US Acute Care Solutions Western Journal of Emergency Medicine. Do be excited to be there. Reply. That way you can tailor your questions to their role. The following are some classic questions that you will undoubtedly be asked: ALiEM is your digital connection to the cooperative world of EM. Preparation is the paramount predecessor to confidence, which is extremely important for a high-performance interview. Let’s face it; residency interviews can be daunting… but they don’t have to be! I really enjoy teaching? When an interviewee starts to ramble, the interviewer may worry that they will ramble when presenting patients on a clinical shift. If you can’t even keep your energy up for one interview day, we will have concerns about how you would function on a long string of tiring night shifts. Also, being honest is just the right thing to do. Residency interviews are exhaustive, often taking up the better part of two days. Here are 8 tips to help you ace your residency interviews and get the most out of your time at each program. Programs want to avoid matching residents who will later drop out, who will be difficult to work with, who will be high-maintenance and expect special treatment, or who act unprofessionally. Reasons One Did Not Match After Residency Interviews 1. USMG from a prestigious east coast school. Even if the interviewer has read your application, they have also likely interviewed 19 other people that day, and the applications can start to run together just as programs start to all look alike to you. The downstream consequence of this is that residency interviews have become a ‘tragedy of the commons,’ in which every applicant attempts to gain as much as possible from the common resource—interviews. Do not expect the residency coordinator to help you with that. Hopefully the “Dos and Don’ts” here will help keep you from committing any major interview faux-pas. Do be genuine. Do have a plan for after residency. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. If you are a 4th year medical student, chances are that interviews are taking up much of your time and thought right now. We want to find out your personality, who you are, and whether you are a good fit. The days can be long and can run together. Talk about it! Applications are submitted, and in the coming weeks an unprecedented residency application cycle will begin one of its most atypical phases: virtual interviews. Do be honest if you tell a program you are ranking them #1. No interview invites and waitlisted for an interview at one program (no geographic ties). Medical students, medical schools, and residency programs have needed to react to sudden developments such as … If you can, know who your interviewers are, whether they are the program director, the chair, a faculty member, or a resident. They probably glanced at the applications the night before, but may not have read all of it. On a related note, residency programs use interview days for multiple purposes. Again, the interviewer is probably there on their day off. Don’t cancel the day before. ... of American Medical Colleges recommends that programs use behavioral and situational questions as much as possible in residency interviews. Residency interviews are very different in content and style than medical school interviews. They can be generic, such as “What are some things you have recently changed about the program?” or “Are there any things you see changing about the program in the future?” Or they can be specific about how the rotations are structured, how much time residents spend in the ICU, etc. You can compare and contrast them, but “bad-mouthing” other residents or programs is a big red flag. These are a great time to informally meet with residents and find out more about the program and see if it is a good fit for you. While no two interviews are exactly alike, many of them will follow similar formats. Trained in anesthesia prior. Programs may have lists of residents who are willing to host interviewees and it is fine to ask for that. ☐ Decide if you will assign applicants to an interview day and timeslot or let applicants sign If you exaggerate your capabilities, such as saying you are fluent in Spanish, when really you only took a year in high school, you may find yourself caught out if the interviewer is fluent and decides to conduct the interview in Spanish (this has happened). The reviewers believed they were assessing actual applications as part of their department’s residency selection process. You will always have a few “off the wall” creative questions, but most of the time, it is standard interview questions (see the end of the post for a list). Applied to 200 programs. There’s no one-size-fits-all structure for medical residency interviews. No, do not spend money on more program applications, they will not interview you. It can lead to an awkward silence if the interviewee has no questions. Let’s first take a step back. Even if your flight was delayed and you are working on 2 hours of sleep, put your best foot forward and answer with how great your day has been and how excited you are to be there. Residency programs are looking for applicants who will fit well with their individual program, but there are some general traits that all programs are looking for, and the first and most important one is NOT board scores! We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. When applying to residency, it’s true that it is important to apply broadly. Tell me about the job/research/volunteer/teaching/travel experience that you mentioned on your application. Give as much notice as possible if you have to cancel. A program would not invite you unless they were seriously interested in you and thought you had a chance at matching there. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, residency programs will make an abrupt shift to virtual interviews in the 2021 residency application cycle. You will have days in residency when you are functioning on little sleep, and we want to know that you can keep up your energy despite being tired. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. If you do not receive any interviews, you do not need to certify a rank order list, and you will be unmatched when the Match results are released. Don’t speak negatively about other specialties. Most of the questions you will be asked are predictable. What? If you act inappropriately or unprofessionally at the interview dinner, the leadership team will find out about it. You’ve probably heard the saying “10 minutes early is on time. Interviewers are using that 15 minute interview to try to figure out if you have what it takes to be a good resident. This work highlights how current inefficiencies may lead to negative consequences with virtual interviews. Avoid these when you can as much as possible. If you can, know who your interviewers are, whether they are the program director, the chair, a faculty member, or a resident. I'm going to be very blunt for your own sake: you need to be focusing on a backup plan. What attracted you to Emergency Medicine? It is essential to understand that once your “Certify and Submit” the MyERAS portion of your application, it is locked in for the duration of the season, irrevocably. You can only have one #1. The AMA played no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the article for publication. 7. Make them happy to have spent 15 minutes with you. However, there is no evidence that receiving interviews early in the season increases your match probability. The typical interview begins with an informal dinner or social hour and continues the next morning with a full day of tours, clinical rounds, informal meetings with faculty and residents, and formal interviews with the program director and possibly others. You only get one shot at this, and getting a restful sleep the night before the interview is worth the cash. Do sell yourself. Don’t worry. Do speak articulately. To determine 2020 residency cycle application practices and to model potential consequences in the 2021 cycle if (1) applicants scheduled an uncapped number of interviews; (2) applicants were capped to schedule 12 interviews; (3) residency programs kept their number of interview offers unchanged; and (4) programs increased their interview offers by 20%. Upon receiving an interview invitation, respond immediately. Interviews are the most personal aspect of the residency selection process. INTRODUCTION. If you had a challenging experience on a rotation with another specialty, reframe it about what you learned through the challenges. Have answers that you have thought about and practiced for these. But at least have thought about your interests: Do you want to work in a rural setting? We strive to reshape medical education and academia in their evolution beyond the traditional classroom. Enjoy the time that you have traveling, seeing other programs, and meeting future colleagues. Do take responsibility for your own travel details. Personality traits are more important than board scores. Most residency interview visits are day-long affairs. The Case for Capping Residency Interviews, Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Council on Resident Education in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Funding/support: This work was supported by the AMA Reimagining Residency Grant. Based on prior estimates that 12 interviews are needed to match in obstetrics and gynecology, respondents were divided into Group 12+ (those receiving ≥12 interview offers) and Group <12 (those receiving <12 offers). Often the program is trying to recruit you just as much as you are trying to impress them. You’ve probably heard the saying “10 minutes early is on time. 1. If you plan to go back to your small hometown and be their ED doc, do not pretend that you want to do a research fellowship and become an NIH-funded researcher. You will probably have various slide presentations about the program and also a tour. (Currently, there is no version of the AAMC virtual interview recommendations tailored to fellowship applicants.) First some clarifications- Based on the NRMP data and surveys (2017), in Internal Medicine, median number of interviews for the independent applicants who matched was 9, so it definitely helps if you have more interviews. The interview process starts with your first contact with the program. Same as in -person interview, except ... refer to the AAMC’s Best Practices for Conducting Residency Program Interviews. Hone your communication skills by preparing your answers. ALiEM by ALiEM.com is copyrighted as "All Rights Reserved" except for our Paucis Verbis cards and MEdIC Series, which are Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. If you change your mind later, let the program know that. You have the worst residency application I have ever heard of - US-IMG with multiple gaps, a failed Step attempt, and no academic highlights to even begin to counter the above three red flags.