It is also the highest mountain in the U.S. state of Washington. Washington is the only state to be named after a ... Facts & Region 4:23 NOTE: There are affiliate links on some pages. Learn about the towns along the Pacific Coast Highway (opens new site), Washington Highway 101 Road Trip  (opens new site), Check out these discount tickets for shows and events in Portland Oregon, Check out these discount tickets for shows and events in Seattle Washington. Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. There are four mountain ranges dominating the Pacific Northwest. The park area covers almost 1 million acres, and features all three ecosystems found amid the Olympic mountains: subalpine, coastal and forest. Copyright © 2001 - 2020 by Northwest Essentials, Inc. All rights reserved. The wind and waves cause erosion that reshape the shoreline and can cause … If you enjoy being transported back in time, the Coast will ignite your imagination. 1700 - On January 26, 1700, a large earthquake 60 to 70 miles off the coast of the Pacific Northwest caused a tsunami roughly 33 feet high to engulf the Washington coastline.Ten hours later, the tsunami hit the main island of Japan with 6-to-10 foot swells. Columbia Plateau is a region covering more than 200,000 square miles (518,000 sq km) in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. Have you ever been to the beach or seaside? If you’re a history buff and want to learn more about Washington, you’ve come to the right place. This region was also once a major supplier of lumber to the world and famous for its deep-water harbors and innovative shipbuilding. During the summer months, be sure to take a boat tour to watch gray whales as they pass Washington during their migration to summer feeding grounds. 9. Originally claimed by Spain, Britain, Russia, and finally the United States, the Northwest was jointly occupied by Britain and the United States until 1846, when the 49th parallel was made the boundary between the United States and British-held Canada. Drift Creek is one of the largest stands of old growth in the Coast Range, with ancient Sitka spruce and western hemlock trees, some measuring up to 7 feet across at the base of their trunks. The first European record of a landing on the Washington coast was by Spanish Captain Don Bruno de Heceta in 1775, on board the Santiago, part of a two-ship flotilla with the Sonora. PHYSICAL/GEOGRAPHY FACTS. Coastal Range A United States Region Standard USI 2b and 2c Kristen Young, Danielle Buchanan, Jennifer Tull Newport News Public Schools 2. The 193,000 miles of coast around the world is always changing. Many rivers and creeks crisscross the region, and they are often populated by salmon and trout. The Olympic National Park is a magical place to explore. Washington Geography: The Land Geography and Landforms of Washington. The people who live here and the people who visit, love it because it hasn’t changed in ways that ruin the spirit of a magical place. The most common visitors to this region are not even people. Climate: On the northern coast, the climate is cool, but it's never cold. 12 Fascinating Things You Probably Didn’t Know About The Olympic National Park. 1805 and1806 - Lewis and Clark explored the Columbia River area of what is now Washington. Inland from the lowlands, the coastal uplands make up a slightly elevated region of the Coastal Range, largely covered with temperate rainforest. About 10,000 years ago, people began living on North America’s Northwest Coast, a narrow area along the Pacific Ocean that stretches across parts of modern-day Alaska, Washington, Oregon, and Yukon and British Columbia in Canada.By 3,000 B.C., people had set up permanent villages along the rivers, peninsulas, and islands of this region. She has trained in neuro-linguistic programming and holds a Bachelor of Arts in comparative literature and literary translation from Brown University. Below we have 12 funny facts about Washington state. The climate of the Coast Ranges is characterized by cool, dry summers and mild, wet winters in the north. Information presented here is accurate at the time of publishing and may have changed since that date. Cummins Creek Wilderness is also largely covered with Sitka spruce, western hemlock and Douglas fir. Built on a rocky headland, and home to a century-old lighthouse, this interpretive center contains exhaustive journal excerpts, maps and photo-murals of places along the explorers’ route. The Coastal Plains region is the largest region of Texas. Find an overview of Washington geography, topography, geographic land regions, land areas, and major rivers.. Access Washington almanac, furnishing more details on the state geography, geographical and land regions, climate and weather, elevation, land areas, bordering states, and other statistical data. Robert Gray in 1792, and Capt. The PACIFIC REGION is the largest of the Service's 7 regions: Our half-million square miles are stretched over 8 time zones from Idaho to Guam (517,538 square miles excluding ocean and little islands like midway) * The region includes OREGON, WASHINGTON, … This natural wonder is a popular destination for people because there is so much to do! The spring and fall bring the transient sounds and colors of seasonal change and migration. Interesting Facts about the States in the West Region. The information and views expressed on washingtonstatetours.com are subject to change and may not represent the views of the website owners. Start studying Coastal Region Facts. It stretches along the Pacific Coast from the tip of the Olympic Peninsula in the north to the San Francisco Bay in the south, including Grays Harbor, Willapa Bay, and the Long Beach Peninsula in Washington, the entire length of the Oregon Coast, and the … Natural calamity can strike anywhere, and there have been places where natural disasters are one too many. Northwest, also called Pacific Northwest, region, northwestern U.S., including the states of Oregon and Washington and part of Idaho.. Coastal Range Region 1. Read … With what feels like millions of national parks and trails, this coastal district is a nature-lovers nirvana. The first settlement in Washington was New Market (now known as Tumwater) in 1846. The small towns rely on tourism. The highest peak in the range is Mount Rainier in Washington at 4,392 meters (4,411 feet) above sea level. The forests are dark and damp. Learn about the towns along the Pacific Coast Highway (opens new site) Washington Highway 101 Road Trip (opens new site) Tags: slides. Privacy Notice/Your California Privacy Rights. Many beach destinations around the world have been created or drastically developed for tourists, but the Washington State coastline retains its woodsy character and historical landscape. The area between the Deccan Plateau and the Arabian Sea is known as the Western Coastal Plain and the strip between the Deccan Plateau and the Bay of Bengal is known as the Eastern Coastal Plain. Washington's coastal region is one of the wettest areas in the United States, receiving up to 150 in. The western region of the United States is often further broken down into the West Coast Region consisting of the three states that border the Pacific Ocean; California, Oregon, and Washington and the Mountain States, Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Nevada, Utah, and Colorado. From north to south, both summers and winters get progressively drier in the Coast Ranges, and variability in wintertime precipitation becomes greater. Continue reading to expand your state knowledge! Many peaks in the Cascade Range exceed 3,000 meters (10,000 feet). Rain Forest: The Olympic Peninsula is home to the only temperate rain forests in the continental United States. Danielle Hill has been writing, editing and translating since 2005. Planning a Summer Vacation in Washington State. Sandy beaches and warm surf exist only on the state's most southern coast. 20 Interesting Facts About Washington, D.C. It’s time to see how much you really know about the capital of the United States, Washington D.C. Apart from being a home to the entire federal government and the President of the US, it is one of the oldest cities in the United States. Washington Geography: The Land Geography and Landforms of Washington. It is bordered on the west by the Cascade Range, on the south by the Basin and Range region, and on the east and north by the Rocky Mountains. As part of the vast Oregon Country, Washington territory was visited by Spanish, American, and British explorers—Bruno Heceta for Spain in 1775, the American Capt. When you’re tired, cuddle in one of the many B&Bs that were once oceanfront retreats for timber barons. The 120 inches of annual rainfall promote the growth of mosses and ferns, covering much of the forest floor. What Does the Coastal Region Look Like? The Coastal Range region includes both the mountainous landscape that lines the Pacific coast and the lowlands directly along the shore. Luckily, Washington is one of those places that never had any major natural disasters. Shores Galore: The state has 157 miles of Pacific Ocean coastline. The area is thickly wooded, has a temperate climate, and is known for its heavy rainfall. Stroll the boardwalk in a historic seaport or poke around old logging towns where you can hunt for antiques. No, we aren’t talking about Washington D.C.! Washington History Firsts & State Facts. It is the 27th most populous state in the United States. US State Facts West Region California Facts Colorado Facts Idaho Facts Montana Facts Nevada Facts Oregon Facts Utah Facts Washington Facts Wyoming Facts. The Coastal Plains region is the largest region of Texas. These included California Indians, the Salishan- and Nadene-speaking Indians of the Pacific Northwest, the Eskimo-Aleut groups of the … © 2020 USATODAY, a division of Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc. 8. Since the inception of Travel In Washington, I've been keeping a running list of notable facts and features about the state. How many main land regions does Washington have? On the southern coast, … Magic of Winter in Leavenworth Washington! Many peaks in the Cascade Range exceed 3,000 meters (10,000 feet). It is located along the Pacific Coast, stretching from California to Canada. Where is the Coastal Range Region Located? In addition to towering Sitka spruce and hemlock, the Coastal Range is home to some of the tallest trees in the world, the Redwoods. The mountains span most of the Olympic Peninsula in northwestern Washington and are largely protected within Olympic National Park (nps.gov/olym). Lewis and Clark explored the Columbia River region and coastal areas for the U.S. in 1805–1806. A wonderful setting for your next vacation, the Washington Coast has no lack of sights and attractions for the visitor. Abundant oysters and fish are the freshest anywhere, whether you catch them yourself or just order them in a restaurant. Visitors to … Lewis and Clark explored the Columbia River region and coastal areas for the U.S. in 1805–1806. Washington History Firsts & State Facts. Columbia Plateau is a region covering more than 200,000 square miles (518,000 sq km) in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. The San Francisco Bay, on the state's northern coast, is the largest landlocked harbor in the world. Visitors to the area can glimpse many examples of the region's distinctive flora, fauna and geological formations. The mountain range that separates the Coastal Region from the Central Valley, called the Coastal Range, is considered a low mountain range as it is compared to the Sierra Nevada mountain range farther east. Robert Gray in 1792, and Capt. George Vancouver for Britain in 1792–1794. The landforms that are in this region include plains, forests, and prairies. The Coastal Range region, also known as the Coast Range or the Pacific Coast Range, is an ecological area that traces the coasts of Washington, Oregon and northern California. (381 cm) of rain per year at high elevations; it is correspondingly heavily forested, especially with spruce, fir, cedar, and hemlock. Between the Olympic Mountains, temperate rainforests, and rocky Pacific coastline, it’s almost like experiencing three different parks all in one. The Washington State coast is well-known as the best area in the US for catching salmon and other bottom fish, such as rainbow trout. With some of the highest peaks in the Coastal Range region, the Olympic Mountains are among the most distinctive natural features of the Pacific Northwest. The Coast Range ecoregion is a Level III ecoregion designated by the Environmental Protection Agency in the U.S. states of Washington, Oregon, and California. There is a little industry in the region since most lumber mills have closed and commercial fishing is in decline. In addition to the particularly notable dune formations in the national recreation area, the dunes that extend all along Oregon's and Washington's coasts form part of the larger coastal lowlands area, a subregion of the Coastal Range. Washington State Interesting Facts. In the summer, the heat of the sun is balanced in the Pacific Ocean breeze. It is bordered by Washington on the north and California and Nevada on the south, Idaho and on the east, and by the Pacific Ocean on the west. The average temperature is in the low 70s. Here's what I've collected so far; it's pretty amazing. How many main land regions does Washington have? Bird watchers flock here from all over the world to spy on a cast of characters with names like sandpipers, plover, yellowlegs and marbled godwit, along with brown pelicans and the kingly great blue heron – to name just a few. The region is dotted with several large active volcanoes in the Cascade Mountain Range. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It is bordered on the west by the Cascade Range, on the south by the Basin and Range region, and on the east and north by the Rocky Mountains. Rainier is a large active stratovolcano and is considered one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world. And in the winter, powerful storms play out torrential dramas on the shore. Weighing up to 40 tons and growing up to 40 feet in length, these giant mammals are also gentle and curious by nature. The landforms that are in this region include plains, forests, and prairies. The Coastal Range is home to rainforests. For views of the coast along with the redwood forest, opt instead for the Coastal Drive, which runs from the national park into adjacent Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park. 1805 and1806 - Lewis and Clark explored the Columbia River area of what is now Washington. Such volcanoes include such Mount Shasta in northern California, Mount Hood in Oregon, Mount Saint Helens and Rainier in Washington and Mount Garibaldi in British Columbia. The region spanned from southern Alaska to northern California up into coastal British Columbia and Washington State. If you click one of the links and purchase products, we earn a very small commission on your purchase, at no extra cost to you. The Puget Sound coastline lies within 12 Washington State counties; a total of 14 counties are within the entire watershed. Whenever you come, bring your true self, plus a kite, binoculars, a fishing pole and a healthy appetite. You can hike among scenic coastal trails and enjoy wildlife viewing, or you can go fishing in the Pacific, which is teeming with fish. (PS Factbook p.16) HUMAN DIMENSION FACTS The birds and the whales still love to come here too. Wet, mountainous areas and flat, dry areas with sandy coastlines are all part of this region. The Pacific Coast region of western North America was originally inhabited by native people from several culture areas. Washington (nicknamed: Evergreen State, State of Love and Trust) has 39 counties. Between the mountains of Hawaii and Washington, the most … The Cascade Range or Cascades is a major mountain range of western North America. At Fort Canby State Park, you can relive the adventures of Lewis and Clark who completed their quest for the Pacific near this spot almost 200 years ago. 1700 - On January 26, 1700, a large earthquake 60 to 70 miles off the coast of the Pacific Northwest caused a tsunami roughly 33 feet high to engulf the Washington coastline.Ten hours later, the tsunami hit the main island of Japan with 6-to-10 foot swells. If you have been to a beach, then you have first hand experience of one of Mother Nature's coolest creations, the coast. The state’s capital is Olympia. What Is the Closest Redwood Forest to San Francisco? 2. Mt. The tall growth of the temperate rainforest dominates the vegetation, with lots of cedar, hemlock and Douglas fir. Washington state is found in the top west corner of the American map, bordering Canada. You can explore the dunes by foot or on off-highway vehicles. Visitors can explore the area by foot, by bicycle or, along the limited access roads, by car. Natural Attractions in the Coastal Range Region (Photo: ). Find an overview of Washington geography, topography, geographic land regions, land areas, and major rivers.. Access Washington almanac, furnishing more details on the state geography, geographical and land regions, climate and weather, elevation, land areas, bordering states, and other statistical data. 3. These two meet at Cape Comorin. Much of Siuslaw National Forest typifies this region, such as the Drift Creek Wilderness area or the Cummins Creek Wilderness area. Take a drive amid the redwoods along Howland Hill Road, a winding 10-mile route through the park. (PS Factbook p.21) Puget Sound has 1,332 miles of coastline, not including the San Juan Islands or the Strait of Juan de Fuca. George Vancouver for Britain in 1792–1794. The Coastal Range region, also known as the Coast Range or the Pacific Coast Range, is an ecological area that traces the coasts of Washington, Oregon and northern California. The northern region is more mountainous and rocky with chilly water. Along the Washington State coastline adventure abounds on both land and sea, be it birding or whale watching, kite flying or winter storm watching, horseback riding or clam digging. Regions throughout Washington, distinguished by their unique cultures, geology, and climates, make this a land of great diversity. Much of the shoreline is characterized by towering sand dunes, as is visible in Oregon Dunes National Recreation Area, part of Siuslaw National Forest (fs.usda.gov). Driftwood on one of the many beaches along the Washington State coastline. Thank you for making this blog possible! She has contributed to "Globe Pequot" Barcelona travel guide, "Gulfshore Business Magazine," "Connecting Lines: New Poetry from Mexico" and "The Barcelona Review." In 1962, a restaurant called "Top Of The Needle" at the very top of Seattle's Space Needle opened. Native Plants in the San Bernardino Mountains, Natural Attractions in the Coastal Range Region, Washington State Department of Ecology: Major Ecoregions of Washington State. Facts about Washington. Discount Tickets for Seattle Shows and Events, 7 Fun “Outside-The-Box” Things For Couples to Do in Seattle, Table Mountain With Mt Baker & Mt Shuksan, Semiahmoo Webcam Page with Resort and Marina, Recipes From Columbia Cascade Wines And Wineries, Discount Tickets for Portland Shows and Events, High-Tech Hiking in Washington: 3 Must-Haves for Your Pack. About 10,000 years ago, people began living on North America’s Northwest Coast, a narrow area along the Pacific Ocean that stretches across parts of modern-day Alaska, Washington, Oregon, and Yukon and British Columbia in Canada.By 3,000 B.C., people had set up permanent villages along the rivers, peninsulas, and islands of this region. This region was also once a major supplier of lumber to the world and famous for its deep-water harbors and innovative shipbuilding. Coastal California, also known as the California Coastline and the Golden Coast, refers to the coastal regions of the U.S. state of California.The term is not primarily geographical as it also describes an area distinguished by cultural, economic and political attributes. You will create an electronic brochure for one of Washington State’s five major regions (Coastal Region, Puget Sound Lowlands, Cascade Mountains, Columbia Plateau, Okanogan Highlands). It runs from Canada's British Columbia through the U.S. states of Washington and Oregon to Northern California. Ferried Away: Many of Washington’s islands are accessed by the largest ferry system in the world. Washington Barry the bald eagle meets rocker Goldie the American goldfinch, the state bird of Washington. The southern region isn't as cold and has more sandy beaches. As part of the vast Oregon Country, Washington territory was visited by Spanish, American, and British explorers—Bruno Heceta for Spain in 1775, the American Capt. Within a relatively small area, it's easy to make your way between beaches, redwood forests and mountains of up to 6,000 feet. Believe it or not, there are coastal, or ... Whale watching is a fun activity for tourists all up the Pacific Coast. The area also includes some notable islands such as Queen Charlotte Islands and Vancouver Island. 1. On either side of the Deccan Plateau there is a coastal strip which is known as the Coastal Plain. As of November 2018, the population of Oregon was estimated to be about 4.15 million people. 3. The sun sets on shi shi beach on the Pacific Coast of Olympic National Park. And remember to sample recipes that include the world-famous cranberries grown in local bogs along the cranberry coast. Millions of migratory birds annually visit the estuaries and tide flats that make for rich feeding grounds. In the Californian section of the Coastal Range, Redwood National Park (nps.gov/redw) is an ideal spot for taking in the giants. The range stretches 1,100 kilometers (700 miles) north-to-south, and is approximately 130 kilometers (80 miles) across east-to-west. The Lewis and Clark expedition entered the state on October 10, 1805. Ray Atkeson/Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Washington lies in the North Pacific Region of the United States.It is bordered on the east by Idaho, with the Snake River forming part of the boundary.To the south is Oregon, with most of that boundary formed by the Columbia River.On the west the Pacific Ocean stretches along the coast for 157 miles (253 kilometers). During the height of the season (about mid-March through April) the whales can be easy to find, but their combination of grace and size is impossible to capture in words. The coastis where the ocean meets the land. 80 miles ) across east-to-west Jennifer Tull Newport News Public Schools 2 for U.S.! That are in this region include plains, forests, and is considered one of the States! To this region are not even people northwestern Washington and are largely within... Landforms of Washington natural wonder is a region covering more than 200,000 square miles ( 518,000 km. 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