Here are the main points of the Ranjiv Longowal Accord. By projecting the Akalis as secessionists and separatists, they had, on the one hand, created a public opinion in the country against them, and, on the other hand, had in a way tried to demoralise the Sikhs. Badal and Tohra also joined the power game.5, As is clear from the discussion above, the Accord which is perpetuated by the government as a treaty and solution to Punjab’s problem is nothing but a façade signed by the sellouts and traitor leaders who turned their backs on the Sikh nation for their personal gains, selfish needs and political aspirations by becoming puppets of the government. The Capital Project Area of Chandigarh will go to Punjab, Some adjoining areas which were previously part of Hindi or the Punjabi regions were included in the Union Territory. The government accepted most of the demands of Akali Dal who in turn agreed to … What was the main outcome of Rajiv Gandhi-Longowal accord in July 1985? It observed: “The Accord has seemingly forgotten, (1) The thousands of so-called Army deserters, (2) and thousands of Sikh youth languishing in different jails of the country, (3) and also the families of those—again running into thousands—who have allegedly gone to Pakistan but actually have been killed by the police and the Army, (4) the problem of absconders who are underground, and who have fled under duress; (5) Rajiv—Longowal accord has not said one word about the Police lawlessness or the repeal of most of the Black laws; nor has it dealt with the withdrawal of the Army from Punjab. In the meantime, in order to divert public attention from the real issues, the Center government increased violence in Punjab and turned the whole matter into a matter of law and order. 1 Answer. Along with ex-gratia payment to those innocent killed in agitation or any action after 1-8-82, compensation for property damaged will also be paid. What was the main outcome of the Rajiv Gandhi Longowal Accord in July 1985? 4. In a way, it was a withdrawal of the Resolution by the Akalis themselves. Clauses relating to the compensation for property damaged (Clause 1) during the November massacres; to assurances of protection of minorities and to promotion of Punjabi language were all vague that suggested no concrete steps. The third and the worst part of it was that gross unconstitutional injustices which were too glaring to be directly rejected by the Government, were made a fait accompli partly by the concurrence of the Akalis and partly through the proposed Government appointed tribunal whose verdict, could be sought only about sharing of water and not on the unconstitutionality of the Reorganisation Act (1966). The statement deliberately ignored the demand to ascertain the ‘causes and course of the violence and to identify the persons or organisations who were responsible for it’. Chronicle of the weeks leading to the historic Rajiv-Longowal accord. The entire media was used to present a false image of the Sikh struggle which was branded as a secessionist movement trying to break up India. They were overtly and covertly seeking government assistance to enable them to regain some semblance of credibility and following of the people. & B. It had always been maintained by Smt. After a rally in Rohtak, 29 members of the Haryana State Assembly resigned on 9 August. The Sarkaria Commission had already been enquiring into the Centre-State relations and under the agreement it was left to its sweet will to consider it the way it liked. Representation of Minorities Existing instructions regarding protection of interests of minorities will be recirculated to the State Chief Ministers. 5.All India Gurdwara Act The Government of India agrees to consider the formulation of an All India Gurdwara Bill. He had signed the Punjab accord, also known as the Rajiv-Longowal Accord along with Rajiv Gandhi on 24 July 1985. On the territorial issue all that was desired was the implementation of the Sachar and the Regional Formulae and non-disturbance of the accepted status quo before 1966. Chandigarh would be transferred to Punjab. Along with ex-gratia payment to those innocent killed in agitation or any action after 1- 8-1982, … Hence the Accord, by its complete silence on the issue, not only justified it but also in a way laid the guilt for it at the door of the Akalis. Elections were considered an inevitable corollary to the Accord as the Centre thought it the most befitting to employ the old Akali leadership as willing tools and prop them up politically to fight the emerging leadership of the youth. Thousands of innocent Sikhs were massacred and the damage done to the Sikh psyche was irreplaceable. Harchand Singh Longowal (2 January 1932 − 20 August 1985) was the President of the Akali Dal during the Punjab insurgency of the 1980s. However, peace did not come easily. Under Operation Wood Rose, all Amrithdari Sikhs were declared as terrorists and the army was given orders to eliminate them from all villages and cities in Punjab. - Issue Date: Aug 31, 1985 Thukral, Gobind; ‘Punjab: The Election Question’ in India To-day, August 31, 1985. Though there was no open dissent, it was reported that during their internal discussion, Tohra and Badal had called the Accord a sellout.2 Among the youth there was evident displeasure and dissatisfaction over the Accord and negotiations with the Government. The transfer of Chandigarh and will thus go to Punjab some Hindi speaking territories in Punjab (,. How Maharashtra got Bombay and Tamil Nadu got Madras Dal who in turn agreed to withdraw Armed! 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