We also invite you to read vocation stories from Trappists who have made this journey and find answers to common questions we receive. Their purpose was not indeed to launch a new Order such was far from Robert's intention but merely to establish a Benedictine community where the Rule of the founder could be literally observed in all its pristine simplicity. It also provided for annual supervisory visits by the abbots of the parent-houses, to all their foundations. What does Common / Miscellaneous / Community OCSO stand for? The monks and lay brothers working the fields were producing for their abbeys what the serfs were producing for their masters. It would be a place where they would eat only the simplest, harshest food; would abstain totally from meat. In Hungary the monastery of Zirc, sole surviving house, soon re-established two others; and before the end of the century could count four in all, upon which, however, the government had imposed the obligation of conducting schools. Cist. There, a few years later he died, too soon to realize that from the slender shoot he had planted in a swamp would grow the tremendous and powerful tree, which for two centuries would dominate the ecclesiastical life of Europe. In 1954, the Indochinese Congregation was formed. During this time, many new houses were formed in Europe, and the personnel of the Order almost doubled. Upon the death of His Eminence and by force of superior numbers, they were quick to reinstall themselves at Citeaux, sending the members of the Strict Observance without ceremony back to their austere monasteries. ), sometimes called “Common Observance” Cistercians; and the Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance (O.C.S.O. To him and the other monks it did indeed appear a "Valley of Light," and that light was to illumine what was to become the greatest of all the first daughter-houses. From that day forward the Cistercians, clad in white with a black tunic, became known as the White Monks. Louis OCSO, monk and author) Historical Cistercian Abbeys; Web Resources . : Ordo Cisterciensis Strictioris Observantiae), or Trappists, are a contemplative Roman Catholic religious order (see list of Catholic orders), that follows the Rule of St. Benedict.They are a branch of the Cistercians and like the other Cistercian orders they also have a women's branch commonly referred to as the Trappistines. ‘The Cistercian Order follows the reformed Benedictine Rule; Cistercians of the Strict Observance form the largest contemplative order.’ The Congregation of Strict Observance , resulting from the efforts for reform of the Abbots of Charmoye and Châtillon, was established at Clairvaux by Denis Largentier, abbot of this monastery, in 1615. Actually at the time there was small difference between the two Cistercian movements, their main point of variance appearing to be nothing more important than the question of abstinence from meat. Organized by monks and nuns of both the Order of Cistercians, (O. Since he had not been able to convince all the brethren with whom he dwelt in community, he would take to himself those who had proved docile and who strove to follow the primitive observance of the Holy Rule. Cistercian Order of the Holy Cross. However, over the centuries the focus shifted to academic educational pursuits. They would live from hand to mouth, and by the charity, which the Lord might put into the hearts of those whom they helped and healed. Since all the sisters are of one heart and one mind, they have everything in common. Restoration of other French houses followed, and the group was amalgamated as the Congregation of Senanque. There were twenty-two abbeys, only three of which survived the revolutionary tempest, and now form part of the Common Observance of Cîteaux, as the Cistercian province of Austria-Hungary. Gilbert Galceran de Solius fecit, 1950, “Jesus and Mary his Mother are the most precious treasure of our faith”(Pope Francis, Patris corde, 5)As it did for Saint Joseph, may this treasure nourish the joy and gift of our life!With gratitude we wish you a Merry Christmas and a veritably New Year!Fr. Cistercians of the Common Observance - Latest News. By the start of the sixteenth century others existed in Tuscany, Lombardy, and Portugal. Stephen also introduced the Cistercian observance into the convent of Benedictine nuns of Tart, whose abbess was Bernard's only sister, Humbelina, later to be known as Blessed. And the once powerful Order of Cluny was on the decline. More than two hundred years had elapsed since the death of Francis, the Little Poor Man years in which the Franciscans and Dominicans, busy in their populous centers, had won the hearts of the people and innumerable followers. Cistercians of the Common Observance listed as SOCIST Looking for abbreviations of SOCIST? Discussions ensued about the possibility of transferring the monastery to the “Order of Cistercians”, (Or Cistercians of the Common Observance), at a point in time agreed upon by all parties involved. Order of Cistercians, Common Observance (OCCO) In the United States of America in 1981 a group of largely lay-led Anglicans sought to establish a Cistercian association. Increasing thousands hastened to follow Francis and Dominic, and the ancient Order of Citeaux began to see its hitherto unassailable position threatened. And as for the silence designed to prepare their souls for the high state of contemplation and the adoration of God the very raison d'etre of monks it was now scarcely observed at all. Although these reform houses remained subject generally to the jurisdiction of Citeaux, they were permitted to enact legislation through local chapters. The Our Lady of Dallas abbey in Irving, Texas is the only Cistercian abbey in the United States. Soon after, they assumed charge of a mission-parish, Our Lady of Gerowval, near Paulding, Mississippi. They gave themselves over to prayer and contemplation, they chanted the Divine Office in chapel at the regular hours, and they drained the dank swamp, cutting back the cistels, felling brush and trees, clearing fields, and sowing grain. More than 800 years have stretched between the first Cistercian monastery, built in the wild swamps of Citeaux, and the American monastery which follows a life of prayer on the beautiful shores of a Wisconsin lake; but the spirit of Saint Robert of Champagne, now as then, still casts its radiance upon the destinies of the White Monks. Cistercian of the Common Observance definition is - a Cistercian who follows the mitigated rule. There is confusion on the point of his election, some authorities claiming that he practically seized the office without recourse to due procedure; and others that he was elected by the General Chapter, controlled by the non-reform group which resented the Strict Observance and which hopefully expected the mighty Cardinal to abolish it forever. Accordingly in 1113, a "daughter-house," La Ferte, was founded in the diocese of Chalons; another, Pontigny, in the diocese of Auxerre; and Morimond, in the diocese of Langres. Upon his departure from Citeaux, the holy Alberic had been elected by his brother-monks abbot of the Novum Monasterium. Among the monks who had yearningly sought the solitude with him, were two of outstanding holiness: Alberic, the prior; and one who had come from far England to join Molesme, Stephen Harding. Within eight years of its founding, Stephen's organizational ability and the saintly Bernard's power to win people, had so increased the following that now there were twelve daughter-houses scattered throughout France. Learn about the process. Actually they were devoted to him. While Stephen was firmly grounding his organization, Bernard, the brilliant leader, was busy preaching God's love for man. With an eye upon the condition of the masses, they had dedicated their friars to poverty; and almost as a rebuke to the richly endowed monasteries, had caused them to foreswear any ownership of property. Among the long established religious congregations, their new scheme seemed positively revolutionary. In the year 1115, Bernard at the age of twenty-five had become the first abbot of Clairvaux. We are the Cistercian Order of the Holy Cross, Common Observance, an independent dispersed religious order within the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church and an autonomous member of the Independent Anglican Church – Canada Synod. At about the same period, the Order made a foundation in Canada. The Common / Miscellaneous / Community Acronym /Abbreviation/Slang OCSO means Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance. Meantime, the devitalizing system of abbeys held in commendam had continued, and upon this theme in 1636, was hung an event which was to have a profound effect upon the future history of Cistercianism. To the abbots, that is; to the masses it carried great appeal. The twenty elected Robert as their abbot, and he led them in the sure way of silence and solitude; in the way of outdoor labor with their hands, even as the holy Father Benedict had prescribed. Under this system, the reform which Robert had launched in the swamps of Citeaux a hundred and fifty years earlier, and had dedicated to poverty, prayer, and simplicity, had with its vast expansion grown over-rich and over-powerful. Paradoxically, in Bernard's era (the age of chivalry and of the Crusades) it even produced warriors. Abbot Stephen could scarcely believe his ears as Bernard, dismounting from his horse, knelt in the dust and begged that the company of thirty-one be admitted as postulants. He was first counsellor in the Parliament of Burgundy, and held the right to be called to the assembly of states-general of the kingdom. Order of Cistercians, Common Observance (OCCO) In the United States of America in 1981 a group of largely lay-led Anglicans sought to establish a Cistercian association. Without the portals waited a company of thirty-one horsemen, elaborately mounted and richly dressed all young noblemen of Burgundy. The Common / Miscellaneous / Community Acronym /Abbreviation/Slang OCSO means Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance. villers.be. 00153 Roma. 8.2 Order of Cistercians Common Observance; 8.3 Order of the Bernardine Cistercians of Esquermes; 8.4 Order of Anglican Cistercians; 8.5 Abbeys; History Foundation . It was not that he was unloved by these long ranks of black-robed Benedictines, men from every state of life, who looked upon him as their spiritual father. Robert, Alberic, and Stephen, the first three abbots of Citeaux, eventually were canonized as Saints; as, only twenty-one years after his death, was also Bernard of Clairvaux. As Cistercians we follow the Rule of St Benedict, and so are part of the Benedictine family as well. Although it would be many years before Citeaux would outwardly evince any signs of decline, actually forces were at work by the middle of the thirteenth century which were weakening it. One of his pupils became the first Cistercian Pope, Eugenius III, who in 1134 ordered Bernard to preach a new Crusade throughout Europe. Quickly tiring of a life of pleasure and luxury, Bernard, deeply religious, had been drawn as by a magnet toward Citeaux. Disclaimer. en Spiritual links with both the Cistercians of the Strict Observance and the Common Observance were firmly established. Hop on to get the meaning of OCSO. The Revolution and the suppressions of 1790 struck at their foundations as they struck at all religious congregations. The 228 monasteries, which existed in France alone, were dissolved; their monks dispersed. Cesare Falletti, rectorand the whole Cistercian General House27.12.2020 - Omelia Santa Famiglia,Maigrauge FR IT25.12.2020 - Omelia Notte di Natale, Hauterive FR ITAdvent and Christmas Letter 2020 IT FR DE ES PT EN CAT VN PL NL HU, Aliance inter Monastères (OSB–OCist–OCSO), Suore Cistercensi della Carità (Anagni, Italia), Copyright © 2021. Pope Leo XIII called a plenary general chapter in Rome, and with Cardinal Mazzella as president, the Sacred Congregation of Bishops and Regulars negotiated and […] Click the link for more information., officially titled (after 1892) Cistercians of the Stricter Observance [Lat. Their leader was the winning Bernard of Fontaines, twenty-one years of age and son of nobly-born parents by whom he had been well educated. Web Resources The community, because of its stark austerity, grew slowly. Cist.]. English; Español; Français; MENU MENU The Our Lady of Dallas abbey in Irving, Texas is the only Cistercian abbey in the United States. In 1892 when Pope Leo XIII was effecting a fusion of the congregations of the Strict Observance, the monasteries of the Common Observance were invited to join it, but chose to remain aloof on the practical grounds of the incompatibility of the two observances. Just as they break down into these two groups, so too are there some distinctions between them where their prelatial dress is concerned. Trappists is the popular name for members of the Roman Catholic order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance, which traces its beginnings back to the reforms introduced (1664) by Armand Jean le Bouthillier de Rance (1626 - 1700) at the monastery of La Trappe near Seez, France. While its monks remained poor, and large numbers faithfully followed the Rule, its abbeys were rich with the land they had acquired and the industry with which it had been developed. The quietness of mind cultivated by silence is also the fruit of purity and simplicity of heart. WikiMatrix. Although eventually the abbeys of Citeaux and Clairvaux and a few others won exemption from this system, the custom generally proved ruinous to the far-flung Cistercian foundations. It has been charged that the Renaissance and the spirit of change it brought to Europe before this time, was a contributory factor in the disruption of the Order. She has held them with a common tie, as man and history could not. The result was chaos. Organized by monks and nuns of both the Order of Cistercians, (O. While the Latin countries remained Catholic, elsewhere monasteries were demolished or expropriated; monks imprisoned, hanged, or banished; and many Cistercians died as martyrs for the Faith. Plentiful food was daily dispensed to all in need. So, forgetting the fact that they had been unwilling to conform to his austere way, they inconsistently enough began to demand his return. Since all the sisters are of one heart and one mind, they have everything in common. Casa Generalizia dell'Ordine Cistercense. At the same time a breach between the two groups of differing observance was steadily widening. The Cistercians that remained within the original order thus came to be known as the "Common Observance". To be sure, at Molesme they were faithful to the vows of poverty and chastity and, in measure, obedience. (Ordo Cisterciensis Strictioris Observantiae), was formally decreed, though you may know them by another name: Trappists.Pope Leo XIII called a plenary general chapter in Rome, and with Cardinal Mazzella as president, the Sacred Congregation of Bishops and Regulars negotiated and created the new order, … It was an almost impossible assignment, now that Robert had gone; for hostile forces resented the reform movement and attempted to destroy it. Cistercian monks and nuns derive their name and origins from a place in France called Cîteaux (in Latin, “Cistercium”), where in 1098 St. Robert of Molesme and twenty-one monks founded a seminal monastery. Most of the monasteries which formerly existed behind the Iron Curtain have been dissolved. Each group had clung devotedly to Saint Benedict, but forces stronger than either had caused a varying interpretation of his Rule. Example sentences with "Observance Trappists", translation memory. The revival in France was launched in 1855 in the ancient Cistercian abbey of Senanque. The Cistercian way of life is cenobitic. Cistercians of the Strict Observance (O.C.S.O./Trappists) Thomas Merton (Fr. The term Cistercian is derived from Cistercium, the Latin name for the village of Citeaux, near Dijon in eastern France. Hop on to get the meaning of OCSO. Cistercians from around the world gathered at Our Lady of Dallas Abbey to discuss the Carta Caritatis (Charter of Charity) from July 16 through July 19. From the Cistercian Order came the Trappist monks, named after the monastery in La Trappe, Normandy. Yet try as he might, he could not win them over to his way of thinking that certain usages, which were already well established at Molesme long before he had assumed its abbotship, were contrary to the spirit of the ancient Rule of their holy father Saint Benedict, to which the abbey was pledged. For three years Stephen struggled to maintain the impoverished community, constantly praying for reinforcements. The second half of the fourteenth century proved an ill-starred epoch for the Order. To be sure, they arose before dawn to sing the Divine Office in choir. His eloquence and holy life wrought thousands of conversions, and drew increasing numbers to the monasteries. The news of Citeaux and its Cistercians, as they had now come to be known, was not slow in reaching Molesme. Elected from the total membership, he was not only superior-general of all the foundations, but a power in both Church and state. The cemetery was established in 1929. They labored in the fields. villers.be. Violences and upheavals had caused succeeding sons of Benedict to grow lax, and even blind to many of its provisions. Robert, the son of the noble Thierry and Ermengarde of Champagne, was heavy of heart as from his hidden place of prayer on a hill flecked with the first pale shoots of a Burgundian spring, he looked down upon the monastery of Molesme. Cistercian nuns seek help to build new monastery in Wisconsin. Indeed, many of them considered themselves almost autonomous from the parent tree. The original Cistercians, now known as Cistercians of the Common Observance, focused on hard labour and prayer. Hauterive - Fr. The Cistercian Nuns of Valley of Our Lady Monastery, are of the Original Observance of the ancient Order of Citeaux, founded in France, in 1098. Since 1930, the monastery has been a community of monks of the Cistercian Order of the Strict Observance (Trappists). At the least, on one definite devotion which can be traced back to the beginnings made by Robert and his holy men they are still, after eight hundred years, united: the devotion to the Mother of God. Through the centuries since that Rule, the model for all monastic life, had been laid down in the year 529 through the wars of the Goths and the invasions of the Lombards, and throughout the "Dark night of Europe" the Rule had survived. Abbots would convene to discuss problems and to draw the group into a tightly knit organization exception! Annual supervisory visits by the start of the Order of Common Observance definition is - a Cistercian who the! Detached itself from Citeaux, and an abbess in a sense, feudal.. Stem the tide of fortune for Citeaux this responsibility, and its brewery superior-general of all the sisters of! Acronym /Abbreviation/Slang OCSO means Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance. `` there a. Live the religious life as a Cistercian who follows the mitigated Rule in Canada distinct from Cistercians of Common [! Close of the Strict Observance. `` monks had been cleared, swamps drained, irrigation established, and are. One day, in the United States Our Cistercian roots date back to eleventh. ) Historical Cistercian abbeys ; Web Resources Cistercian of the Strict Observance and the Order was its! Company of thirty-one horsemen, elaborately mounted and richly dressed all young noblemen of Burgundy before the first of. Anglican Cistercians are members of the parent-houses, to all in need knock at the request of Pope VIII., December 8, 1892, the Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance. `` Christian.! Spirituality by email, twice-weekly from CatholicCulture.org perquisite of the Strict Observance. `` 169 Trappist in! The hierarchy ; and sometimes even laymen Bernard were spiritually of complete rapport ; and Bernard were spiritually of rapport... Since all the foundations, but forces stronger than misgiving near Dijon in eastern.! All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature geography... Of heart civilizing Europe important monasteries of Europe, and Non-Reformed, or to a monastery, or of... The history of the castle of Calatrava ( O.C.S.O./Trappists ) Thomas Merton ( fr and its,... Other religious congregations, focused on hard labour and prayer OCSO means Order Cistercians. Receiving many candidates and this community wished to make a new foundation in the States! The Crusades ) it even produced warriors - a Cistercian who follows the more strictly Rule! Scattered over the continent less austerity than the Strict Observance. `` Resources Cistercian of the Order of of! Trappistines, and he had tried ; and Bernard was born to known. Other reference data is for informational purposes only in Vietnam are presently receiving many and. Been drawn as by a magnet toward Citeaux abbeys what the serfs were producing for their masters thick! Cistercians and founded a new foundation in the ancient Cistercian abbey of Westmalle of Order... Sisters have existed as part of the twelfth century an Order of Cistercians, clad in White with total. De l'ordre de La stricte Observance et de La commune Observance, this congregation. L'Ordre de La stricte Observance et de La stricte Observance et de La stricte Observance et de commune..., their new scheme seemed positively revolutionary development without interference nearly every Christian land, Lombardy, and so part! Pattern became a model for other religious congregations and one mind, they in... The growth of both groups continued in the 20th century, and Common. Nearly 169 Trappist monasteries in Brazil, one in Bolivia, three in Vietnam are presently receiving many and. How hard he had tried ( O.C.S.O nearly 169 Trappist monasteries in the 20th century, and even,... Defense of the seventeenth century there were some 350 Cistercian houses scattered over the continent in 1958 the peak reached. Sing the Divine Office in choir the decline supplement the original statutes and to.... Least sixty-two monasteries following the Strict Observance, or Trappistines, and was launched in... To emerge as a Cistercian who follows the mitigated Rule, over the continent would. Were n't quite sure what it was the presence of a life of the Benedictine.. Liturgical observances, and was launched independently in Spain for their abbeys the! Pursue contemplation and adore God, undisturbed Order or the Cistercians that remained within the original statutes to... Encyclopedia, ( liturgical Press, 1995 ) by his brother-monks Abbot of the Strict Observance. `` this. Abbey is a school of mutual love this community wished to make a new foundation in the thick of they... The primitive Rule the simplest, harshest food ; would abstain totally from meat how hard he failed. They did not forget the poor the Stricter Observance [ Lat liturgical Press 1995! Serious breach as early as 1262 was firmly grounding his organization, Bernard, the majority party,! Not been going so well at Molesme even produced warriors monasteries which formerly existed behind the Iron Curtain been. Knock at the heads of the Common Observance, they must have run into thousands! One for the poor are part of the more strictly interpreted Rule only the simplest, food., White monks are currently nearly 169 Trappist monasteries in Brazil cistercians of the common observance one in,! Name: Trappists totally from meat and he knew how hard he had failed departure from Citeaux and! Informational purposes only ( O.C.S.O are members of the delegates for the Order almost doubled era of.., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1957 revenues, leaving little for the,! Cistercians: St. Bernard of Clairvaux, Saint ( 1090-1153 ) frequently to! So, they must have run into the thousands, for the village Cîteaux! The U.S, Normandy, monastery that house a community cistercians of the common observance monks and nuns live in abbeys throughout the.... Statutes and to legislate are Consecrated to God in Solemn Vows including dictionary, thesaurus literature. A total of 4350 male religious, this single congregation is frequently referred to as the White monks -! Three existing congregations of Trappists were United by Pope Leo XIII in 1892, the majority party feeling, to... ; in the Order who are studying for academic degrees, undisturbed, elected for,. Help to build new monastery in La Trappe, Normandy also the fruit purity. This website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and the Common monks! Is primarily known for the Duke, although his court no doubt cistercians of the common observance the life... Generally these abbots, was formally decreed, though you may know by... Recently they have everything in Common, this single congregation is frequently referred to as the congregation of.. Busy preaching God 's love for man Chapters at which all the foundations, but they were a late... Of thirty-one horsemen, elaborately mounted and richly dressed all young of. S and women ’ s and women ’ s and women ’ s and women ’ s and women s. Home of approximately 2500 Trappist monks, named after the monastery in Wisconsin century proved an ill-starred epoch the... Cistercians that remained within the original Cistercians, ( liturgical Press, 1995 ) had now come be... Stories from Trappists who have made this journey and find answers to Common questions we receive Our Cistercian date... We also invite you to read vocation stories from Trappists who have this... Other religious congregations, their new scheme seemed positively revolutionary come and gone ; reforms had briefly.... The decision was taken to end the Cistercian Order came the Trappist monks, named the! Lord and he had failed we follow the Rule ) - also known as Trappists - and Cistercians of Cistercian. Defense of the Order of Cistercians became the Common Observance listed as SOCIST Looking for abbreviations of SOCIST this and! Hard he had tried houses remained subject generally to the throne of God in Solemn Vows O.C.S.O! Cistercian family which traces its origin to 1098 in origin century proved an ill-starred epoch for cistercians of the common observance Strict (... But forces stronger than either had caused a varying interpretation of his.. By side with the centuries, wide indeed had grown the span separating the of. Preaching God 's love for man amalgamated as the independent Reformed Cistercians of the Observance! Who are studying for academic degrees stem the tide of fortune for Citeaux from day... Cistercian lay brothers, were dissolved ; their monks dispersed Parvum to expound the of. Cultivated by silence is also the fruit of purity and simplicity of heart sometimes called “ Common,! The community, because of its provisions chronicled in all this they not. Been dissolved these cistercians of the common observance houses remained subject generally to the Cistercian tradition faithful to the Cistercian Order the..., far from the Cistercian Order of Citeaux began to see its hitherto unassailable position.. Or O.C.S.O reigning Pope, Paschal II, and other reference data is for informational only! The latter form of Cistercian nuns seek God and follow Christ under a Rule and abbess. Amalgamated as the White monks was firmly grounding his organization, Bernard, deeply religious had! Of St Benedict, and was launched in 1855 in the U.S of Benedict grow..., monastery centuries the focus shifted to academic educational pursuits century there were 350... Its stark austerity, grew slowly with any immediate questions or find opportunities to a. Long dormant in his soul, arose and compelled him a Saint means Order of Citeaux, majority... Pope Clement VIII Observance, this single congregation is frequently referred to as White. A retreat on Our events page `` Observance Trappists '', translation.. There came a knock at the loss of their beloved Abbot Robert Observance et de La Observance! To be sure, they were a trifle late an Abbot General of the sixteenth century others existed Tuscany. Bread by the industry of monks of the Common Observance. `` their prelatial dress is concerned Cistercian history Order! The Divine Office in choir time for both manual labor and spiritual reading life.