The sample is treated with benzene sulphonyl chloride, C 6 H 5 SO 2 Cl (Hinsberg’s reagent) followed by … how would you achieve the following conversions i nitrobenzene to aniline ii an alkyl halide to a quaternary ammonium salt iii aniline to benzonitrile - Chemistry - | q04cw93ww Aniline salt is given from this reaction. The method of separation of aniline from the product of the hydrogenation of nitrobenzene containing in addition to aniline impurity nitrobenzene, water, hydrocarbons, cyclohexylamine, carbazole, toluidino, rectification in three columns selection on top of the first column of water with impurities of aniline… We know, electrons density of ortho and para positions are higher than meta positions. This reaction is called nitrobenzene reduction. i) Nitrobenzene into aniline The three types of amines can be distinguished by Hinsberg method. Nitrobenzene is an organic compound with the chemical formula C 6 H 5 NO 2.It is a water-insoluble pale yellow oil with an almond-like odor.It freezes to give greenish-yellow crystals. The benzene is first converted to nitrobenzene which is in turn reduced to phenylamine. (b) Method II: 3. Nitrobenzene heated with solid KOH at 340 K gives a low yield of a mixture of 0 – and P – nitrophenols. (i) Aniline formation: Conversion of nitrobenzene into phenylammonium ions. Conversion of nitrobenzene … Conversion of nitrobenzene into m – nitro aniline: 4. (iii) Aniline… Aniline … Conversion of nitrobenzene into azoxybenzene: 5. Nitrobenzene … Benzene is a clear, colourless, highly flammable and volatile, liquid compound. It is produced on a large scale from benzene as a precursor to aniline… Conversion of nitrobenzene into hydrazobenzene: 6. Aniline to p-bromoaniline mechanism. Benzene to Nitrobenzene Benzene is nitrated by replacing one of the hydrogen atoms on the benzene ring by a … P.S : Reduction of nitrobenzene is proposed to occur by a succession of two electron steps as shown below.The second step of this reaction has been proposed as a reversible reaction. (i) Nitrobenzene into aniline (ii) Ethanoic acid into methanamine (iii) Aniline into N-phenylethanamide (Write the chemical equations involved) (Delhi 2014) Answer: (i) Nitrobenzene into aniline… Then aqueous NaOH is added to the aniline salt to get released aniline. A mixture of nitrobenzene, tin and hydrochloric acid is taken in a flask attached with a reflux condenser and heated at 70 0 C for half an hour, this produces aniline. So, brominine subsitution should be occurred at ortho or para positions because this reaction is an electrophilic substitution reaction.. Brominum positive +1 ion forms by the reaction of FeBr 3 and Br 2.Br + is an electrophile.. Benzene ring of aniline … (ii) Benzyl chloride to 2-phenylethanamine. Solution for Write chemical equations for the following conversions: (i) Nitrobenzene to benzoic acid.