It is in the last days that you have stored up your treasure! to these persons, and for their use and service, in time, and to Each was intrusted with one or two syllables in the mighty sentences of God's speech. Throughout, there is no attempt to give instruction on science or nature; but to bend all energy in discussing the claims of God on men. Last of all the woman died also. GOD—who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son." At the best the view caught of God, and given to men through the prophets, though true, was partial and limited. The times in which we live are consuming our energy. New International Dictionary of NT Theology. Luke utilizes the same time phrase writing that "in the last days God says that "I will pour forth of My Spirit upon all mankind" (Acts 2:17), a prophecy from Joel 2:28 which was partially fulfilled at Pentecost, at the birth of the Church. The meaning of Hebrews 1:2 is that at the very termination of the times in which God is speaking to man, He speaks, not through the prophets, but in His Son, Who is "the Word" (Jn 1:1-2). The upper chords of this instrument give it a timbre which none other can rival. It is God’s revelation, His progressive revelation preparing His people for the coming of His Son, Jesus Christ. Comment: Do not a suggestion of irony, for the treasure in mind is not their riches, but the misery that awaits them. Jude 1:18 that they were saying to you, "In the last time there will be mockers, following after their own ungodly lusts.". He goes on to explain "but when Christ appeared as a High Priest… He entered through the greater and more perfect tabernacle (in contrast to the earthly tabernacle and the Holy of holies that the Levitical priests entered once a year on the Day of Atonement) and not through the blood of goats and calves, but through His own blood… (into) the holy place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption. Instead, he shows it to be one of the seven excellent glories of Christ. In one paragraph, the writer breathtakingly transports his readers from the familiar ground of Old Testament prophetic writings, through the incarnation of the Son (who is at once creator, heir and sustainer of all things and the fullest possible manifestation of deity), past the purifying sacrifice of the cross to the exaltation of Jesus on the ultimate seat of power in the universe. Denomination: Baptist. Hebrews 1:1-2 - NIV: In the past God spoke to our ancestors through the prophets at many times and in various ways, but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom also he made the universe. Matthew 5:26-note (For context see Mt 5:23-25) "Truly I say to you, you will not come out of there until you have paid up the last cent (a small Roman coin). Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Comment: At dawn during the Feast of Tabernacles the priests took water from the Pool of Siloam in a golden vessel and brought it to the temple. Even so. 1, 113, the highest reaches its peak with kings; Plato, Rep. 361a, greatest injustice; Gorgias 511d, extreme danger). Proud member
years the law, and two thousand years the days of the Messiah Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Hebrews 1:1-12 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The author identified neither himself nor the people to whom he was writing. God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, 3Through … all eternity; as all temporal things, and all spiritual ones, the What Does Hebrews 1:2 Mean? Wuest summarizes the first 2 verses - The New Testament is better than and takes the place of the First Testament because its Founder, the Messiah, is better than the prophets, since Messiah is God the Son, heir of all things, and creator of the universe". One of the more notable uses of eschatos is when it is coupled with hemera (day) to give us the well known phrase "last days." Wuest: in the last of these days spoke to us in One who by nature is [His] Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He constituted the ages; Young's Literal: in these last days did speak to us in a Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He did make the ages; IN THESE LAST DAYS: ep eschatou ton hemeron touton: In these last days is rendered variously as - "at the end of these days" (DNT), "But now in these final days" (NLT), "at the end of the present age" (Phillips), "in the last of these days." It was given in the form of law, prophecy, history, psalm, sign, type, parable. Through those lips of clay the eternal God was speaking. The Verse by Verse Notes will take the position that Paul cannot be established as the author and thus the author is treated as unknown to all except God. preferable to the prophets: he is a Son, and not a servant, in Our nation reads the written Word, The priest takes man’s problems to God; the prophet takes God’s message to men. And here the words of the prophets in the Old Testament are leveled up to the plane of the words of Jesus in the New. Now by the Son; ", MacArthur comments: “The latter days” (lit. the last days of the natural world, but of, the Jewish world and The prophets received their call or appointment directly from God, and some like Jeremiah (Jer 1:5) or John the Baptist (Jn 1:13, 14, 15), were called before birth. to be at the last gasp. A Star shall come forth from Jacob, and a Scepter shall rise from Israel… One from Jacob shall have dominion… " (Nu 24:17, 24:19). Expositor’s adds that the people of Israel “were like men listening to a clock striking the hour, always getting nearer the truth but obliged to wait till the whole is heard.”, MacArthur - We must, of course, clearly understand that the Old Testament was not in any way erroneous (2Ti 3:16, 17- note). (2Ti 3:14-15-note). Amen (1 Corinthians 16:22), Eschatos is used to describe a number of entities in the New Testament - Money ("last cent" - Mt 5:26, Lk 12:59); the state of one's soul (Mt 12:45, Lk 11:26, 2Pe 2:20), a place "in line" so to speak (Mt 19:30, 20:16, Mk 10:31, Lk 13:30, cp Mt 20:8, 14), the day of resurrection of believers (Jn 6:39, 40, 44, 54, 11:24); judgment day of unbelievers (Jn 12:48); how to be "first" (Mk 9:35, Lk 14:10); Christ (the last Adam - 1Co 15:45); the last trumpet associated with our bodies being changed in the twinkling of an eye (1Co 15:52); the time of the Second Coming (1Pe 1:5); the last plagues which complete the outpouring of God's righteous wrath (Rev 15:1-note, Rev 21:9-note) and finally, eschatos describes death as the "last enemy" (1Cor 15:26) who will "at last" be destroyed forever (Hallelujah!). Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 24:14 ) ( Isaiah 2:2 ) to which The translation so far reads “In many parts and in different ways of old.” Now comes the word “God.” It is preceded by the definite article which has several functions here. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Hebrews 1:1-4; 2:5-12 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The author identified neither himself nor the people to whom he was writing. In such a view, the king here is also the “little horn,” as in Da 7:7; 8:9 and the willful king in Da 11:36–45. They were written in different ages. God speaks to us today primarily through His Word and the ministry of His Spirit as we read, study and meditate on His Word. God spoke to Isaiah and told him that the Savior would be born of a virgin (Isa 7:14). The sonship of Christ is to be accepted as a truth of revelation, to be apprehended by faith, though it cannot be comprehended by the understanding. The meaning of Hebrews 1:2 is that at the very termination of the times in which God is speaking to man, He speaks, not through the prophets, but in His Son, Who is "the Word" (Jn 1:1-2). Heir (2818) (Kleronomos [word study] from kleros = lot + nomos = something parceled out, allotted) is literally a sharer by lot. The heart of man bears witness to this. The next word “spake,” is a participle in the Greek text, and is associated with the word “spoken” of verse two, which is a finite verb. Acts 1:8-note but you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be My witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest part of the earth.". ", Scripture is the speech of God to man. Finally, the revelation is complete in Christ. Final exhortations and greetings - Hebrews 13:1-25. Eschatos can indicate the final element in a significant series. The word is made up of polus “many,” and meros “parts,” the total meaning being “by many portions.” It was given also “in divers manners” (polutropos). (Ro 3:18-note). Comment: The last in a "series" - The apostles were brought out to make the grand finale. Daniel 8:19-note He said, "Behold, I am going to let you know what will occur at the final period of the indignation, for it pertains to the appointed time of the end. This time period overlaps with the so called "church age.". neither are called his inheritance; but elect men, who are his Many portions (4181) (polumeros from polús = many + méros = part) (only use in the NT) is literally "many parts". BBE: In times past the word of God came to our fathers through the prophets, in different parts and in different ways; ICB: In the past God spoke to our ancestors through the prophets. There have been many attempts made by the fathers of the Church to explain the relationship between the two divine persons, the Father and the Son. The voice of God spake in the prophets, whose very name likens them to the up-rush of the geyser from its hidden source. Let us then think with equal reverence of the Old Testament as of the New. ", Luke 12:59 "I say to you, you will not get out of there until you have paid the very last cent. (see notes 1 Peter 1:10; 1:11). Revelation 21:9-note Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls full of the seven last plagues came and spoke with me, saying, "Come here, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb. New International Dictionary of NT Theology. Revelation 2:8-note "And to the angel of the church in Smyrna write: The first and the last, who was dead, and has come to life, says this: Revelation 2:19-note 'I know your deeds, and your love and faith and service and perseverance, and that your deeds of late are greater than at first. David will be raised up to rule (Jer 30:9, Ezekiel 34:23-24, Ezekiel 37:24-note; cp indirect reference in Amos 9:11) under the greater David, the Son of David, the Messiah, Who will be King of kings (Viz, King over King David). Comment: In the ancient world debtors were jailed till the debts were paid. Note that spoke is in the aorist tense, in context indicating past tense, the point being that aorist is used both of God speaking by the prophets and also His speaking by Christ, indicating that He has finished speaking in both cases. Hebrews chapter 1. Already I seem to hear the shouts go up from every part of the habitable globe, and from all heaven and all space, “Hallelujah! particular, or the Jews in general, to whom the apostle is What word could more fittingly stand at the head of the first line of the first paragraph in this noble epistle! The hope of Israel is in this world. 1:2, it is written, 2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; KJV, 1769 There is no attempt to prove God’s existence. My friend, Fred Smith,3 did not have the opportunity to obtain a college degree. How deftly the author unveils the Trinity as active in the revelation of Scripture, here God the Father introduced as having spoken in time past, later noting God the Son (He 2:3-note) and finally God the Holy Spirit (He 3:7-note) After this long opening Greek sentence, the author immediately begins quoting Scripture in the remainder of this chapter. Prophets are a very blessed means of communication, but how much more sure, how much more condescending is it for God to speak to us by His Son! Comment: In the Septuagint the last phrase of Dt 4:29 is "in your affliction" (Lxx = thlipsis = same word used by Jesus to describe the "Great Tribulation" in Mt 24:21) (See Daniel's seventieth week). It was our Saviour's Bible. He spoke to Moses in the burning bush (Ex 3:2ff), to Elijah in a still, small voice (1Ki 19:12), to Isaiah in a vision in the temple (Isa 6:1ff), to Hosea in his family circumstances (Hos 1:2), and to Amos in a basket of summer fruit (Am 8:1). Too many so-called theologians use a blender. 10 "But when you are invited, go and recline at the last place, so that when the one who has invited you comes, he may say to you, 'Friend, move up higher'; then you will have honor in the sight of all who are at the table with you. people; and that though he had greatly indulged their fathers, he the apostle refers, and in which places the days of the Messiah Holy men spake as they were moved by the Holy Spirit, … searching what, or what manner of time, the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify" (2Ti 3:16 ; 2Pe 1:20, 21 ; 1Pe 1:2). Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son. (MacArthur, J.. 1 Peter. The earliest book of God. And throughout, there is ever the subtle, mysterious, ineffable quality called Inspiration: a term which is explained by the majestic words of this opening verse, "God, having spoken of old to the fathers, hath at the end of these days spoken to us. Clement of Alexandria associates this passage with Ephesians 3:10, “the many-tinted (polupoikilos) wisdom of God.” The First Testament revelation was progressive. It is simply a self-evident given. John 6:44 "No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up on the last day. John 12:48 "He who rejects Me and does not receive My sayings, has one who judges him; the word I spoke is what will judge him at the last day. (MacArthur, John: Hebrews. Jamieson - All was not revealed to each one prophet; but one received one portion of revelation, and another another. The cross was a stumbling block to Jews, but the writer does not apologize for it. 1 Peter 1:5-note who are protected by the power of God through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. He will destroy his enemies (Jer. "In Him dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily." , used in ( Genesis 49:1 The speech of God throughout the ages past was not unbroken chatter but given in episodes of speech punctuating seasons of silence (eg 400 silent years of the inter-testament period) This phrase is first in the Greek construction for emphasis (emphatic position) and refers to the incremental and progressive revelation (Genesis gives some truth, Exodus some more truth, etc) in which God disclosed Himself in portions of truth at different times until the appearance of the Son, Who Himself is the consummation of Truth (Jn 1:17, Jn 14:6), the fulfillment of the Law and Prophets (Mt 5:17-note). Sent down His Son, with truth and grace, observed, that the Messiah must be come; that the Mosaic economy, (see notes Heb 9:12; 9:13; 9:14; Heb 9:26). 5 For it was not to angels that God subjected the world to come, of which … In this context, this is the appointed time when our inheritance is fully completed by the last episode of redemptive history (Mt 25:34). In other passages, Paul clearly set himself on an equal level with the apostles and other eyewitnesses of Jesus (1 Corinthians 9:1 and 1 Corinthians 15:3-11). Jesus is God’s own Son. He spoke to them many times and in many different ways. Then at various times other does, yet in many things differs from it, and is preferable In what follows the author seems to live in the world of the Old Testament rather than his own. First of all, it serves notice on the reader, that the God of whom the writer speaks, is the same God whom the Hebrew addressees of the epistle profess to worship. 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