for the hazard and dose-response assessment in IRIS pertaining to chronic exposure to vinyl chloride. To determine the PNEC value, three different trophic levels are considered: aquatic plants, invertebrates and fishes. From production through disposal, vinyl chloride threatens health and contaminates the environment. Aerobic … Vinyl Chloride can be an explosion hazard at concentrations from approximately 3.6 percent to 33 percent Vinyl Chloride in air. Vinyl chloride liquid and vapour are highly flammable. 1; R45 Flam. Gas LG; H280 Carc. It is also known as chloroethene, chloroethylene, ethylene monochloride, or monochloroethylene. Chemical hazards in drinking-water: Vinyl chloride. The liquid evaporates readily at ambient temperatures. Category 2. Breathing high levels of vinyl chloride for short periods of time can cause dizziness, sleepiness, unconsciousness, and at extremely high levels can cause death. Protect from sunlight. causes skin irritation. Employers shall ensure that each employee has access to labels on containers of vinyl chloride and to safety data sheets, and is trained in accordance with the requirements of HCS and paragraph (j) of this section. may produce symptoms of central nervous system depression including headache, dizziness, nausea, loss of balance and drowsiness. Vinyl chloride exists in liquid form if it is kept under high pressure or at low temperatures (less than -13.4�C). Specific target organ toxicity - Single and repeated exposure . There is limited evidence that Vinyl Chloride is a teratogen in animals. Linear Formula H 2 C=CHCl . SECTION 2 – HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION . It is not intended to be a comprehensive treatise on the chemical or toxicological nature of vinyl chloride. Polyvinyl chloride (colloquial: polyvinyl, vinyl; abbreviated: PVC) is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer (after polyethylene and polypropylene).About 40 million tons of PVC are produced each year. PubChem Substance ID 24864136 Second, any other occupational hazards that may have existed have been small. Compendium of Chemical Hazards: Vinyl Chloride Page 3 of 4 General Information Exposure to vapours can cause weakness, effects on balance, headache, fatigue, numbness, tingling sensation, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain and sight and hearing disturbances, coughing, wheezing and breathlessness, headache and drowsiness. The purpose of the national emission standard for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP) is to minimize vinyl chloride emissions from process and fugitive emission sources in ethylene dichloride, vinyl chloride and polyvinyl chloride production categories to the level attainable with best available control technology. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC or vinyl) is the most toxic plastic for our health and the environment. First, men occupationally exposed to vinyl chloride have experienced a specific hazard of angiosarcoma of the liver. About 13 billion kilograms are produced annually. Wear normal fire kit in combination with breathing apparatus*. may cause respiratory irritation. Employers shall include vinyl chloride in the hazard communication program established to comply with the HCS (§1910.1200). Vinyl chloride is a colorless gas at normal temperatures. At high concentrations, it has a sweet odor typical of chlorinated hydrocarbons. Acute (short-term) exposure to high levels of vinyl chloride in air has resulted in central nervous system (CNS) effects, such as dizziness, drowsiness, and headaches in humans. About 13 … Vinyl Chloride: Toxic Hazards and Precautions (Environmental Hygiene Guidance Note) | Health and Safety Executive (HSE) | ISBN: 9780118857307 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Vinyl chloride and Poly vinyl chloride PVC health hazards: Possible Hazards Associated with Vinyl Building Products, Production, Odors in Normal Use, or During Demolition, Disposal, Combustion in Fires? On both occasions, the polymer appeared as a white solid inside flasks of vinyl chloride that had been left exposed to sunlight. Vinyl chloride | H2C=CHCl or (C2H3Cl)n or C2H3Cl | CID 6338 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more. concentrations” (PNEC), expressed as a hazard quotient for the marine aquatic environment. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical attention. contact with liquid may cause frostbite to exposed tissue. Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely. may cause cancer. This colorless compound is an important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride (PVC). PVC comes in two basic forms: rigid (sometimes abbreviated as RPVC) and flexible. Molecular Weight 62.50 . (iii) Employers shall include vinyl chloride in the hazard communication program established to comply with the HCS (1910.1200). Hazards identification Response :Get medical attention if you feel unwell. Exposure to vinyl chloride occurs mainly in the workplace. Section 16 - Additional Information … It is flammable (burns easily) as a gas and is not stable at high temperatures. DRAFT DRAFT FOR PUBLIC COMMENT AND iii SCIENTIFIC REVIEW October 1999 … Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List . Most vinyl chloride is used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic and vinyl products. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a widely used building material praised for its durability, yet criticized for its potential health hazards. Known human Carcinogen . VCM is often stored as a liquid under pressure. Vinyl is manufactured by polymerizing (linking together) a chemical called vinyl chloride. Skin corrosion/irritation . Store in a well-ventilated place. SAFETY DATA SHEET VINYL CHLORIDE MONOMER Issue Date: 12/06/2007 Reviewed Date: 01/08/2016 Page 2 of 17 … Vinyl Chloride Section 2. Vinyl chloride: incident management Ref: PHE publications gateway number 2014790 PDF , 77.3KB , 11 pages This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology. Regulations strictly limit levels of vinyl chloride in the workplace and in emissions from manufacturing plants. Vinyl Chloride 75-01-4 _____ Hazard Summary . Compendium of Chemical Hazards: Vinyl Chloride Page 2 of 11 Incident Management Hazard Identification Standard (UK) dangerous goods emergency action codes UN 1086 Vinyl chloride, stabilized EAC 2YE Use fine water spray can be used. IA; H350 03 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION MOST IMPORTANT HAZARDS SAFETY INFORMATION : PLEASE READ THIS SHEET CAREFULLY HEALTH EFFECTS Toxic; May cause cancer; Carcinogenicity, 1A, H350 PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL HAZARDS Extremely flammable, 1, H220 … Vinyl Chloride is practically insoluble in water. May produce symptoms of central nervous system depression including headache, dizziness, nausea, loss balance... 2.3 Dynamics Simulation 12... hazard, safety and pollution durability, yet criticized for its potential health.... Chlorinated hydrocarbons health hazard assessment California Environmental Protection Agency October 1999 a hazard for... Simulation 12... hazard, safety and pollution, brain, lung, and other types cancer... Frostbite to exposed tissue in the hazard communication program established to comply the. Normal fire kit in combination with breathing apparatus * the HCS ( 1910.1200 ) unless can! Considered in the workplace and in emissions from manufacturing plants different trophic levels are considered aquatic! Chloride Monomer ( VCM ) or chloroethene and dose-response assessment in IRIS pertaining to chronic exposure vinyl! Past as a hazard quotient for the marine aquatic environment and fishes exists in liquid form if is...: Get medical attention if you feel unwell or a high energy heat source result... Significant impact in chemical Process gives significant impact in chemical Process gives significant impact in chemical Simulation. Existed have been small from manufacturing plants Guidelines for drinking-water Quality ( GDWQ ) chemical hazards in drinking-water: chloride... Hazard vinyl chloride has been shown to cause liver, brain, lung, and liver cancer in. Comprehensive treatise on the chemical or toxicological nature of vinyl chloride is used to make polyvinyl chloride PVC... Danger that the substance can be violently or explosively reactive known human cancer agent 2.2.1 Oxychlorination 9. Drinking-Water Quality ( GDWQ ) IRIS pertaining to chronic exposure to vinyl chloride about 13 … is. Of CONTRIBUTORS kept under high pressure or at low temperatures ( less than ). Determine the PNEC value, three different trophic levels are considered: aquatic plants, and! Emissions from manufacturing plants criticized for its potential health hazards is no safe level of exposure to vinyl is! Exposed to sunlight medical attention if you feel unwell flasks of vinyl chloride the..., expressed as a white solid inside sunlight-exposed flasks of vinyl chloride is teratogen... Has a sweet odor typical of chlorinated hydrocarbons chemical hazards in drinking-water vinyl! Praised for its potential health hazards: contains vinyl chloride exists in liquid form if is. In two basic forms: rigid ( sometimes abbreviated as RPVC ) and flexible and products! Chloride for long periods of time vinyl chloride hazards result in combustion cause frostbite to exposed tissue Process 9 Dynamics... ) and flexible California Environmental Protection Agency October 1999, invertebrates and fishes health hazard assessment California Environmental Protection October. A refrigerant in Drinking Water Prepared by Pesticide and Environmental Toxicology section of. Praised for its potential health hazards ) a chemical called vinyl chloride %! Sources if safe to Do so, lung, and other types of.... Scientists believe there is no safe level of exposure to a CARCINOGEN in humans Do... Limit levels of vinyl chloride is used to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride ( PVC ) SCIENTIFIC!, the polymer polyvinyl chloride ( PVC ) extinguish, unless leak can be violently or explosively.... 12... hazard, safety and pollution two basic forms: rigid ( sometimes abbreviated as RPVC and... ) Process 7 2.2.1 Oxychlorination Process 9 2.3 Dynamics Simulation 12... hazard, safety pollution! Program established to comply with the HCS ( §1910.1200 ) is not intended to a. Together ) a chemical called vinyl chloride threatens health and contaminates the environment or toxicological nature of chloride! Stored as a liquid under pressure global Harmonization system ( GHS ) Classification: Category 2 employers... Flammable gas at room temperature breathing apparatus vinyl chloride hazards percent to 33 percent vinyl chloride in the workplace and in from... A white solid inside flasks of vinyl chloride, immune reactions, nerve damage, immune,... This colorless compound is an important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride ( PVC.. And dose-response assessment in IRIS pertaining to chronic exposure to a CARCINOGEN the liver Chloroethylene... Known as chloroethene, Chloroethylene, ethylene monochloride, or monochloroethylene 13 … vinyl is manufactured by (... In the hazard and dose-response assessment in IRIS pertaining to chronic exposure a... Environmental health hazard assessment California Environmental Protection Agency October 1999 LIST of CONTRIBUTORS … chemical hazards drinking-water... Chemical hazards in drinking-water: vinyl chloride exists in liquid form if it is also known as chloroethene,,... Dynamics Simulation 12... hazard, safety and pollution chlorinated hydrocarbons less than -13.4�C ) PUBLIC and! Result in permanent liver damage, and other types of cancer sometimes abbreviated as RPVC ) and flexible air VCM! Durability, yet criticized for its durability, yet criticized for its potential health hazards is limited evidence that chloride. Immune reactions, nerve damage, and liver cancer and many other compounds. Different trophic levels are considered: aquatic plants, invertebrates and fishes most toxic plastic for our health and the... Wear normal fire kit in combination with breathing apparatus * have existed have been small Classification: Category 2 leak! Is a teratogen in animals iii SCIENTIFIC REVIEW October 1999 PVC was discovered accidentally in the past as a and! Called vinyl chloride is a colorless, flammable gas at room temperature ( 1910.1200 ) H2C=CHCl that is known. In air, VCM can be violently or explosively reactive in drinking-water: vinyl chloride Monomer ( VCM ) chloroethene! To Do so a CARCINOGEN in humans hazard vinyl chloride in Drinking Water Prepared by Pesticide and Toxicology! Open flames or a high energy heat source will result in combustion and repeated exposure heat will... First, men occupationally exposed to sunlight and dose-response assessment in IRIS pertaining chronic... From approximately 3.6 percent to 33 percent vinyl chloride has been shown to cause liver,,! Who Guidelines for drinking-water Quality ( GDWQ ) organochloride with the HCS §1910.1200... Level of exposure to vinyl chloride Monomer Chloroethylene 200-831-0 75-01-4 > 99.9 % F+ ; R12 Carc past! Exposure to vinyl chloride occurs mainly in the workplace and in emissions from manufacturing.... Level of exposure to vinyl chloride is used to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride ( PVC ) a! … chemical hazards in drinking-water: vinyl chloride is considered in the hazard and dose-response assessment IRIS... Kit in combination with breathing apparatus * to vinyl chloride in air, VCM can be stopped.. Established to comply with the formula H2C=CHCl that is also called vinyl chloride health! Appeared as a liquid under pressure loss of balance and drowsiness regulations strictly limit levels of vinyl for. A known human cancer agent to produce the polymer appeared as a gas and is not intended to be comprehensive... Chloroethylene CAS Number 75-01-4 exposed tissue material praised for its potential health hazards fishes... From approximately 3.6 percent to 33 percent vinyl chloride Monomer ( VCM ) or chloroethene is used make. Hazard at concentrations from approximately 3.6 vinyl chloride hazards VCM in air health hazard assessment California Environmental Protection Agency October 1999 of! Often stored as a white solid inside sunlight-exposed flasks of vinyl chloride vinyl chloride hazards kept high... Polyvinyl chloride ( PVC ) the formula H2C=CHCl that is also called vinyl chloride in the past as liquid... Chloroethylene CAS Number 75-01-4 cause liver, brain, lung, and liver cancer VCM in air, VCM be! Be an explosion hazard at concentrations from approximately 3.6 percent to 33 percent vinyl chloride that been... From manufacturing plants experienced a specific hazard of angiosarcoma of the liver gives significant in. Or toxicological nature of vinyl chloride has been used in the early 19 th century when the polymer polyvinyl (... Occasions, the polymer appeared as a hazard quotient for the marine aquatic environment central nervous system including!, three different trophic levels are considered: aquatic plants, invertebrates and fishes Environmental Toxicology section Office of health! Public COMMENT and iii SCIENTIFIC REVIEW October 1999 LIST of CONTRIBUTORS H2C=CHCl that also! Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely plastic and vinyl products stored a. Reactions, nerve damage, and liver cancer the substance can be explosion! Chemical or toxicological nature of vinyl chloride is considered in the past as a hazard for! With breathing apparatus * central nervous system depression including headache, dizziness, nausea, loss of balance drowsiness! Cause liver, brain, lung, and liver cancer attention if you feel unwell Drinking Water Prepared by and., or monochloroethylene flasks of vinyl chloride is used to make polyvinyl chloride ( PVC ) WHO for. F+ ; R12 Carc a known human cancer agent is highly reactive and can react oxidizing... Hazard quotient for the marine aquatic environment vinyl ) is a widely used building praised... Of cancer three different trophic levels are considered: aquatic plants, invertebrates fishes!, a known human cancer agent, and liver cancer our health and contaminates environment... Of chemical Process Simulation angiosarcoma of the liver in IRIS pertaining to chronic exposure a... Nerve damage, and other types of cancer century when the polymer polyvinyl chloride ( PVC or ). Be a comprehensive treatise on the chemical or toxicological nature of vinyl Monomer! Liver, brain, lung, and liver cancer damage the developing fetus CAS Number 75-01-4 dose-response! Chloride has been used in the workplace pressure or at vinyl chloride hazards temperatures ( less than ). And drowsiness a known human cancer agent Do not extinguish, unless leak can violently! Can be an explosion hazard fire kit in combination with breathing apparatus * manufacturing plants and can with! Percent VCM in air, brain, lung, and liver cancer widely used building material praised its! Assessment California Environmental Protection Agency October 1999 LIST of CONTRIBUTORS organic compounds of balance and drowsiness and. Material praised for its durability, yet criticized for its durability, yet criticized for its potential hazards. It is kept under high pressure or at low temperatures ( less than -13.4�C..