The process of growing new branches and limbs takes energy away from a tree. Silver birch is a striking, medium-sized deciduous tree. Removing the top from a birch will result in an ugly tree. Incidentally, paper bark birch is generally not planted in Maryland anymore. Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch, warty birch, European white birch, or East Asian white birch, is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to Europe and parts of Asia, though in southern Europe, it is only found at higher altitudes. The silver birch tree is a popular garden and landscaping tree. A lot of people advertising as tree surgeons  or tree care specialists have H&S and chain saw certificates - this does not mean that they have the expertise necessary to shape a tree - you may find some help here http://arbtalk.co.uk/forum/homeowners-tree-advice-forum/Â. Smooth in young trees, the bark gets rugged at the base in older trees. Next, decide which branches to remove. Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark. The white bark sheds layers like tissue paper and becomes black and rugged at the base. ALso has given an opportunity to shape it a bit better every time. Dig a circle in the ground around the birch tree, spanning 10 inches for each inch of trunk. Minimise disease spread by pruning in dry weather, bagging up material and disposing. There will inevitably be a lot of haphazard regrowth around the top. So, how to lower the top of a tree that is too tall? Hello!! Do not dispose of the dirt, but collect it around the tree in mounds. I have friends who have their birch trees topped and thinned regularly to reduce wind resistance as they were planted too close to the house and are a potential danger in strong winds.   A good tree surgeon will do it without making the tree look ugly. Its long branches droop down, forming a swinging skirt that drapes the trunk. I have done this every 2nd year - correction - I have had this done every second year! chopping back the top, sort of like a crew cut. A few branches can be removed in summer, if needed, after the trees leaves have reached full size. Now they have grown back very tall again and I was wondering how to trim them this time. Pruning is necessary for young river birch trees and for older ones at selective times to ensure adequate health. of 109. silver birch silver birch forest silver birches birch wood frame silver birch leaf birch autumn birch trees black and white birch on a white background dense forest of birch trees silver birch leaves. Even though some tree pruning companies still "top" trees, this actually makes the resulting new tree branches more weakly attached to the tree and thus more apt to break off. When the tree is properly pruned, the sun can filter though the small rounded leaves and light the hidden center. Silver birches are not really a garden tree unless you have a huge garden or have one of the lower growing cultivar ones.Â. I found a website that does address it: http://homeguides.sfgate.com/shape-multitrunk-birch-trees-36776.html , but want to make sure. Good pruning practices do not include "topping" trees, i.e. Paper birch tree - when and how to top? European white birch is a fast-growing, graceful tree with creamy white bark that peels to reveal darker skin beneath. Examine all of the branches for signs of insect damage. Keeping a Fantastic Birch Bark. All trees react to pruning cuts, which cause regrowth to compensate for the loss of the branch or limb removed. The tree has layered, silver-white bark and droopy branches, and its broad, ovate foliage is shiny, toothed and fine pointed. Prune the birch tree in early spring to avoid damaging the tree once it's begun to bud or produce leaves. The result is an unsightly tree with thin, upright branches called water sprouts at the top. The time to make a long lasting effect on the form and structure of the plant is when the tree … I have 2 large silver birch trees near my barn and 5 years ago a couple of farmer friends cut the tops off, as they were higher than the barn and my wife was worried about them falling in heavy winds. Log in or register to join the conversation. Silver Birch pruning/topping. The silver birch tree (Betula alba) is also called the paper birch and white birch. Silver Birch can be used as a specimen or they can be planted in a clump of 3-5 trees. Family Betulaceae . Birch is a deciduous tree that reaches between 10 and 30 meters high, it is generally grown as an ornamental species for parks and gardens. Topping a tree seriously affects its health and value in the landscape. It is important to prune your birch when it is in full leaf (except for the smallest twigs). The Silver Birch is a very delicate and serene tree and my advice when pruning is do not prune them back too hard (not short back and sides)! please tell me if i can do anything to stop it bleeding to death???? ECN. There are several steps in pruning a birch tree. Birch – Pruning, Winter Care and Fertilizing. That is the recognized industry standard for the United States, and a base reference for many city codes that make topping illegal. I last had it done about 4 years ago but wasnt happy with the results ( it looked uneven) and ive been caught out by really bad cold weather the last 2 years and left it too late. The advantage of clump planting is that multiple white trunks have a far bigger impact than a single tree trunk, and when birches are clumped close together the competition between … Even though some tree pruning companies still "top" trees, this actually makes the resulting new tree branches more weakly attached to the tree and thus more apt to break off. There will inevitably be a lot of haphazard regrowth around the top. Can't remember what it is but if you look at yellow page adverts you should see it. Removing the top from a birch will result in an ugly tree. Silver birches (Betula) are very much prized for their graceful appearance, particularly in winter when their gorgeous bark can be fully appreciated.Although called silver birch – silvery white isn’t the only bark colour available. You can easily prune your river birch tree during the proper time with sufficient tools and the correct trimming method. This graceful, elegant tree, also known as silver birch, is a familiar and well-loved landscaping tree. You … It is thought the name Silver birch … I live in the UK and as far as I’m aware, there are no countries where Betula pendula, silver birch, is protected. But however, where I am may be lost.”, http://arbtalk.co.uk/forum/homeowners-tree-advice-forum/. Never top a tree. "We don't stop playing because we grow old; we grow old because we stop playing." But if your garden is small, a single graceful tree makes the perfect ornamental specimen An ethereal group of Betula pendula . You get a lot of twiggy growth from the cut ends and this needs to be lopped regularly. Neither tree requires regular pruning. Always start by removing damaged, dead, diseased shoots, followed by weak, lax or rubbing growth. In America it is known as White Birch. - George Bernard Shaw, “I am not lost, for I know where I am. Topping a tree is the removal of the top of the central stem of a tree, called the leader, as well as the upper main branches. Among the tools you can use are the following: Hand Pruning Shears: Stems up to half inch in diameter can be pruned with hand shears. The river birch tree is known for its beautiful peeling bark that is generally cinnamon in color. Both of these birches have light, curling bark, but the river birch is not as white as the paper birch. See silver birch tree stock video clips. 10 March in Norfolk, I had to cut the top of mine a few years ago as it was interfering with telephone wires. I assume hire a tree trimmer, but still want to make sure it is done properly. Riiver birches are planted in Maryland, because the paper birch is susceptible to bronze birch borer and eventually dies of it. There are several tools available for pruning a birch tree, you will have to choose between one or the other depending on several factors, the most important is the age (height) of the birch. It should be 2 inches deep. This will minimize the branch scars, keeping them relatively small and inconspicuous. River birch trees (Betula nigra) add focal interest and light shade to the garden. A much better way to let light into the base of birches is to remove lower horizontal branches. There is a certificate of competence a good tree surgeon should advertise as having. see more; Synonyms Betula alba. Ask an Expert is made up of groups and individual experts. When renovating an old tree go slowly, pruning judiciously and not trying to fix every wrong at once. Obelixx Vendée, Western France Posts: 22,460 Is it too late to get a tree surgeon to shorten the top of my approx 40 year old tree.. Pruning can reduce specific defects or structural problems in a tree to greatly lessen the risk of failure. Its range extends into Siberia, China, and southwest Asia in the mountains of northern Turkey, the Caucasus, and northern Iran. Details B. pendula is an elegant medium-sized deciduous tree with slender drooping twigs. Tree Pruning is done to improve the safety, health, and value of trees; not to cause further damage. They are usually sheared off at a uniform height. Removing more than twenty-five percent of the canopy of a tree at one time weakens it and may be fatal. When pruning out disease, clean you pruning tools with disinfectant between cuts. What should I be asking a tree surgeon to ensure I get the correct person. 10,848 silver birch tree stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. Paper birch starts life with a brown trunk that whitens as it ages. Similar to many other birch trees, the silvery, papery bark has a unique texture and a pleasing color in the landscape, standing out next to darker evergreens, oaks and maples.Then, their autumn color display is a real show stopper, with bright yellow leaves that remain on the tree for weeks. Tree topping is against the American National Standards Institute A-300 Standards for Maintenance of Woody Plants. I have been reading - no more than 25% overall, after September? Take care of the easy stuff first by removing side shoots and suckers as necessary. - maybe 45 feet high - small back yard with fences and garages to worry about. On this occasion we will not dedicate the article to talk in general about birch tree, but we will focus on specifically covering two of the most popular varieties, the River Birch and the Silver Birch. Please read our website's publication on pruning plants: http://extension.umd.edu/sites/default/files/_images/programs/hgic/Publications/HG84_Pruning%20ornam..."Crown Reduction" on page 6 is what you'll want done to your tree. Golden brown on twigs and young branches, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts. In this article we will examine the elegant Silver birch (Betula pendula), a native tree of Scotland which is well represented in Glencoe Wood Nature Reserve. Silver Birch Facts. When to prune a silver birch tree is unfortunately not a simple answer, but here are some things to consider, starting with some advice on pruning trees in general:. To produce a tree with a pretty bark, it is often best to prune off the lower branches when young. Should we top it?, prune it? Raising a silver birch tree successfully requires knowledge of how to keep the tree healthy and growing. 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