tracts of a widely used medicinal plant, Rosmari - nus officinalis L. (Lamiales Lamiaceae), taken in three distinguished geographic locations (arid, semi arid, and humid). Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) belongs to the Lamiaceae, commonly known as the mint family.The flowers are purplish white and strongly two-lipped, and have two long-exserted stamens. Rosemary is also believed to have magical powers. It is contraindicated in cases of hypersensitivity or allergy to the plant material. The active ingredients of leaves are 1- 2% essential oil, tannic acid, nicotinic acid, saponins, resin, and bitter materials. Leaves of the plant are small (2–4 cm) pointed, sticky, hairy, linear, non-petiolate, coriaceous, with revolute margins, and resinous. 2020 Jun 10;12(6):1739. doi: 10.3390/nu12061739. It has stimulating action on gallbladder, and the liver. Flowers are small, and usually hermaphrodite. 1 or more £2.95 GBP each. It improves appetite, and digestion. Its small, drought-resistant leaves are widely used for their various medicinal properties as well as to season food. In the last few decades, in vitro, in vivo, and human trials have been carried out to establish scientific evidence for the medicinal properties attributed to this plant. The desirable flavor, and useful medicinal qualities of rosemary have enticed humans to carry its seeds along with them from Europe as they spread to all corners of … Hać-Szymańczuk E, Roman J, Bednarczyk K. Badanie aktywności przeciwbakteryjnej rozmarynu lekarskiego (Rosmarinus officinalis). Rosemary, an herb whose botanical name is Rosmarinus officinalis, is a sun-loving shrub, native to the south of France and other Mediterranean regions and is a member of the mint family Lamiaceae along with many other herbs, such as lavender, oregano, basil and thyme.The name “rosemary” derives from the Latin for ‘dew’ (ros) and ‘sea’ (marinus), or ‘dew of the sea’. Rosemary tea is a soothing drink promote sleep (1). Chemical structure of some Rosmarinus officinalis secondary metabolites: carnosol ( A ), carnosic…, NLM Rosemary, both fresh and dried, has numerous cosmetic, decorative, medicinal, and culinary uses, besides its ornamental appeal. Rosemary has an affinity to brain, and nervous system, and has been used for thousands of years to improve memory. There are so many uses for Rosemary that no garden should be without this lovely and versatile Mediterranean shrub! Its name derives from Latin and can be translated as “dew of the sea”. Rosemary ( Rosmarinus officinalis L.) is one of the most economically important species of the family Lamiaceae. For anticancer action, extract of whole plant should be used. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary) is a particularly attractive evergreen shrub with strongly aromatic, needle-like leaves and clusters of pale blue to white flowers that appear in winter and spring with sporadic blooms in summer or fall. It increases coronary blood flow and exerts a positive inotropic action in the myocardium. Salvia rosmarinus ) Rosmarinus officinalis - A deliciously aromatic favourite: 2 litre pot: £14.99 Delivery by Crocus We use cookies to provide you with a better service and experience. Ethical approval. An in-depth review on the medicinal flora Rosmarinus officinalis (Lamiaceae). Home > Books > Aromatic and Medicinal Plants - Back to Nature. Rosemary, scientifically known as Rosmarinus officinalis, is a woody, perennial herb, with needle-like leaves that are evergreen and fragrant. These also indicate the conditions in which we should avoid it. Rosemary is native throughout the Mediterranean up to Portugal. Few plants belonging to Lamiaceae are lavender (Lavandula officinalis), lemon balm (Melissa officinalis), Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis), Japanese mint (Mentha arvensis), Bergamot (Mentha citrata), Peppermint (Mentha piperita), Spearmint, garden mint (Mentha spicata), Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum), and Oregano (Origanum vulgare). It supports better functioning of immune, digestive, respiratory, circulatory, and nervous system. It also controls greasy hair. Rosmarinus officinalis. It stimulates circulation of blood to the head, improving concentration, and memory, easing headaches, and migraine, and encourages hair growth. Few drops of oil are added to bath tub to have a refreshing bath. They appear in cymose inflorescence. It pairs well with pork, chicken, lamb or steak. Its intake increases the passing of urine which helps to enhance the removal of wastes from the body. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. Rosemary offers several health benefits. Rosemary increases perspiration, and helps in lowering body temperature in the fever. Below is given medicinal properties along with the meaning. Medicinal use: Rosemary relaxes smooth muscle spasm and the smooth muscles of capillaries and arteries, thus enhancing blood flow. Younger shoots are grey-white. The understanding of these properties will help us to better utilize this herb. Medicinal Use: As an anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory medicinal herb it’s particularly useful when you apply it directly to the skin. It is an edible plant, and has positive effect on the whole body. Rosemary has a long history of culinary and aromatic uses, in addition to applications in traditional herbal and Ayurvedic medicine ().The rosemary bush (Rosmarinus officinalis… Do not use this information to diagnose or treat your problem without consulting your doctor. Submitted: June 16th 2016 Reviewed: October 27th 2016 Published: March 15th 2017. It is an expectorant that dilutes nasal, and respiratory mucus. In some people allergic reaction such as skin irritation, dermatitis may occur. The name comes from the Latin "ros marinus", which means "dew of the sea," although it is not clear how it arrives at this description. This review aims to critically discuss the topical applications of rosemary found in the literature while also offering relevant information for the development of topical formulations of its bioactive compounds. These also indicate the conditions in which we should avoid it. For preparing flower tea, 1 teaspoon of dried flowers or 3 teaspoons of fresh flowers are added to cup of boiling water. C. Bourrel, G. Vilarem, G. Michel, et al. Save my name, email, and site URL in my browser for next time I post a comment. The word rosemary is derived from the Latin word ros=dew, and marinus= of the sea. AN IN-DEPTH REVIEW ON THE MEDICINAL FLORA ROSMARINUS OFFICINALIS (LAMIACEAE) ... Types Flowers Growth habit Other Uses 123 4 5 Rosemary, Arp (Rosmarinus offi cinalis) pale blue, summer upright green-gray foliage ornamental and culinary, popular bonsai subject Rosemary, Benenden Blue (Rosmarinus offi cinalis ‘Benenden Blue’) blue, midsummer upright dark green foliage, bred for deep … Rosemary FAMILY. Little lemon or honey can be added to enhance the taste. The recommended dose for dry extract is 0.36–0.44 g, three times daily. Important Medicinal Properties. Health benefits of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) Characteristics of rosemary Drawing of rosemary plant. 2020 Jun 26;9(6):798. doi: 10.3390/plants9060798. 2010;131:443–450. Culinary and Medicinal Uses In England, rosemary is used in stuffings for barbecued fish. and . The Essential Oils from Rosmarinus officinalis L. (Perfumer & Flavorist 10, 1985), 21-37. Phytochemistry, Antioxidant, Antibacterial Activity, and Medicinal Uses of Aromatic (Medicinal Plant Rosmarinus officinalis) By Imad Hadi Hameed and Ghaidaa Jihadi Mohammed. a plant of great interest in today’s food and medical industries. Rubbing few drops on scalp controls premature hair fall, and helps in alopecia. 2015;67(8):1221-9. doi: 10.1080/01635581.2015.1082110. Seeds of the plant are very small, and black in color. It is in leaf all year, in flower from March to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. It can cause harmless red discoloration of the urine. They are highly aromatic, which means they contain high concentrations of essential/volatile oils, hence their wide use for flavouring food and also as an airborne substance. DOI: 10.5772/66605. Other Uses: Spice, and food flavoring, consumed internally as a tea, or externally as an astringent, Herbal pesticide. Historical data on medicinal use.....7 2.1. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. It is steep to taste. It was a symbol for remembrance, and was even given a mention in Shakespeare's Hamlet: "There's rosemary, that's for remembrance", says Ophelia. Pharmacol. Food Use Recipes. Topical application is an important administration route for drugs requiring local action on the skin, thereby avoiding their systemic absorption and adverse side effects. It increases coronary blood flow and exerts a positive inotropic action in the myocardium. Labiatae. It has needle shaped leaves and produces pink, white, purple or blue flowers that bloom in the month of May and June. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. It is clear, mobile, colorless to pale yellow liquid. The terminal shoots, and leaves of the plant are used as spice. 2011;2011:680354. doi: 10.1093/ecam/nep067. Infusion can be prepared by soaking 2–4 g in 150 ml water three times daily. The oil is used for oral, external use, and aromatherapy. The daily dosage for oral use is 4–6 g of the herb. Submitted: June 16th 2016 Reviewed: October 27th 2016 … Rosmarinus officinalis L. is a medicinal plant that belongs to the Lamiaceae family and is commonly known as rosemary . R. officinalis L. is constituted by bioactive molecules, the phytocompounds, responsible for implement several pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, … It is a traditionally used in diseases of the liver. It is used to increase circulation to the head and to improve mental clarity, improve memory, and improve vision. Due to the lack of safety data, the use of the crude drug during breastfeeding is not recommended. The infusion of dried rosemary leaves lowers the blood glucose level. Rosemary is warming in effect, and gives relief in respiratory ailments, and congestion. The chief constituents of rosemary oil are camphor (5–31%), 1,8-cineol (15–55%), α-pinene (9–26%), borneol (1.5–5.0%), camphene (2.5–12.0%), β-pinene (2.0–9.0%), limonene (1.5–5.0%), verbenone (2.2–11.1%), β-caryophyllene (1.8–5.1%), and myrcene (0.9–4.5%). Mena P, Cirlini M, Tassotti M, Herrlinger KA, Dall'Asta C, Del Rio D. Molecules. Until 2017, it was known by the scientific name Rosmarinus officinalis, now a synonym.. Through the centuries, it has been used empirically for multiple diseases. Salvia rosmarinus Spenn. The therapeutic use of rosemary … Rosemary Tincture (1:5, 70% ethanol) can be taken in a dose of 3–8.5 ml daily. Rosemary - Rosmarinus officinalis L. Family. Salvia rosmarinus Spenn. The therapeutic use of rosemary has been explored for the treatment of inflammatory diseases; however, other uses have been studied, such as wound healing and skin cancer and mycoses treatments, among others. This work is a bibliographical review of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) that focuses on the application of derivatives of this plant for cosmetic products, an application which has been recognized and valued since Ancient Egyptian times. Evergreen. Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) Extract as a Potential Complementary Agent in Anticancer Therapy. Rosmarinus officinalis is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 1.5 m (5ft) at a medium rate. Finance Code 001/Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior, Abu-Al-Basal M.A. J. Transl. Phytochemical Profiling of Flavonoids, Phenolic Acids, Terpenoids, and Volatile Fraction of a Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) Extract. Besides the culinary uses due to the characteristic aroma, this plant is also widely employed by indigenous populations, where it grows wild .  |  Discussion in Working Party on Community monographs and Community list (MLWP) March 2009; May 2009. Benefits of Rosemary. Rosmarinus officinalis L. (rosemary) is a medicinal plant native to the Mediterranean region and cultivated around the world. Botanical: Rosmarinus officinalis (LINN.) Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. It has been used as a therapy for all sorts of ailments, including headaches, indigestion, to relieve flatulence, stimulate the heart, induce sleep, and alleviate depression. Physiol. J. Ethnopharmacol. It should only be taken for a few days at a time. Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Description. Traditional herbal medicinal product for symptomatic relief of dyspepsia and mild spasmodic disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary) is a particularly attractive evergreen shrub with strongly aromatic, needle-like leaves and clusters of pale blue to white flowers that appear in winter and spring with sporadic blooms in summer or fall. R. officinalis L. is an aromatic plant commonly used as condiment and for medicinal purposes. The fruit consists of four dry nutlets. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. An in-depth review on the medicinal flora Rosmarinus officinalis (Lamiaceae). Healing potential of Rosmarinus officinalis L. on full-thickness excision cutaneous wounds in alloxan-induced-diabetic BALB/c mice. Rosemary is used since ancient times for sore throats, colds, flu, and chest infections. It is a popular herb used in Mediterranean cuisines (3). It is a bitter, and pungent in taste, and hot in potency. Due to carminative properties, Rosemary gives relief in flatulence, and bloating. Learn how your comment data is processed. doi: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2014.04.007. Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) Culinary Use: Rosemary’s strong aroma and flavor make it a great accompaniment to meat dishes. The botanical name of rosemary is Rosmarinus Officinalis. Rosemary Oil is considered excellent for hair care. Rosemary is an important aromatic, warming, medicinal herb having carminative, antidepressant, antispasmodic, rubefacient, antimicrobial, emmenagogue, anti-inflammatory, carcinogen blocker, the liver detoxifier, anti-rheumatic, and abortifacient properties. Rosemary, scientifically known as Rosmarinus officinalis, is a woody, perennial herb, with needle-like leaves that are evergreen and fragrant. Safety Profile in Pregnancy: Unsafe, do not use in pregnancy. 2018 Nov 26;10(12):498. doi: 10.3390/toxins10120498. People place rosemary sprigs under the pillow to ward off evil spirits, and nightmares. Lamiaceae (formerly called Labiatae) is the mint family of flowering plants, with 236 genera, and more than 7,000 species. Rosemary is used in the management of headache, menstrual disorders, nervous menstrual complaints, tiredness, defective memory, sprains, bruise, cold, cough, depression with general debility, sluggish appetite, cardiovascular deficiency, and cloudy thinking. -, Palombo E.A. These also indicate the conditions in which we should avoid it. Rosmarinus officinalis is rich in medicinal properties. For external use, boil 50 g of herb in 1 liter of water, and add to one full bath. Therefore it must not be used during pregnancy. Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis; Color Plate 39-7) is a small evergreen shrub with thick aromatic leaves that is used primarily as a culinary herb prized for its rich pungent flavor. ), popularly known as rosemary, is an aromatic plant with needle-like leaves belonging to the Lamiaceae family. Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary) is a common household plant which belongs to the family Lamiaceae and is grown in many parts of the world. It is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple or blue flowers. The oil is extracted from the leaves, flowering tops, and twigs of Rosemary plant using steam or water distillation. It is full of antioxidant activities. NIH The plant is propagated by seeds, and cuttings. The dried leaf. This plant, native to the Mediterranean region, has small flowers of pink, purple, white or blue colour. Description; Cultivation; History; Parts Used; Constituents; Medicinal Action and Uses; Preparations---Synonyms---Polar Plant. After application of the essential oil, wash hands to avoid accidental contact with the face, and eyes. Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) is dense, evergreen, hardy, perennial aromatic herb/shrub found in Mediterranean region. In India, it is grown in lesser extent in Nilgiri Hills.