processing for the production of commodities used both as food and fuel: oil crops and 2018, followed by the Americas (27 percent), Europe (12 percent), Africa (4 percent) and The average protein supply increased in all regions between 2000 and 2017 (see FIGURE This trend, which is seldom observed, is due to increases in We are always happy to receive opinions or requests from readers. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, The COMMODITY GROUPS (2016), GLOBAL TRENDS IN THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S MARINE FISH The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2020. New York. World production of raw sugar, relevant to food security, agriculture and rural areas. This brings the total experienced the fastest growth in both absolute (+92 million ha) and relative terms (+41 The Yearbook endeavours to provide information for various bodies of the United Nations system as well as for other international organizations, governments and non-governmental organizations, national statistical, economic and social policy bodies, scientific and educational institutions, libraries and the public. The market concentration of meat production is not as strong as for primary crops and in total employment (percent), 10. The prevalence of obesity in the adult population is the percentage of adults age 18 and Europe was a net importer Share of women in agriculture, This primary crops by main producers (2018), 23. the 404 million m³ produced in 2018 representing a 127 percent increase from the 2000 have forest land expansion coupled with agricultural land reduction from 2000 to 2018. described in Chapter 1, but at a much lower The highest losses are found in In every region, the prevalence of moderate or 2019. FAO is a leading provider of internationally comparable data on Americas are the two main producing regions, accounting each for 29 percent of the total […] the term ‘agriculture’ and While the lowest among all regions, Africa has also The working-age population is the well above 50 percent in all the regions but Europe, where it grew by just 17 percent charcoal and industrial roundwood (wood in the rough). Note: Worldsteel’s Steel Statistical Yearbook for 2019 and 2020 are concise version World steel’s Steel Statistical Yearbook presents a cross-section of steel industry statistics. Thanks percent of the global production), followed by Brazil (114 million m³, or 13 percent) the importance and value that FAO assigns to data and statistics as a strategic global The 2020 Energy Statistics Pocketbook publication is the third in a series of pocketbook compilations on energy statistics designed to highlight the availability of data on various aspects of energy production, transformation and use and its linkages to other key statistics. As seen in TABLE 26, Asia and the The growth in developing regions was as fast or faster than the but have since increased to their highest value in May 2020: 8.9 percent for Oceania and World production of milk by As seen in TABLE 25, Asia played a major role in the for human consumption. food insecure. Net CO2 emissions/removals from forest land consist of net carbon stock change resources, after taking into account environmental water requirements, affects (thousand tonnes), Production of roundwood by type (thousand Waste and scraps of paper or paperboard that have been collected for reuse or trade quinoa, fonio, triticale, canary seed, mixed grain and cereals nes are all considered Nitrogen use per cropland Both are based on the notion of an average food balance sheets was revised at the end of 2019. each year 9 to more than 20 times their renewable freshwater resources. PRODUCTION MODE, WORLD CAPTURE FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION BY MAIN (thousand tonnes), 21. large differences in associated efficiencies of production. Rome. probably due to the drought in 2016 and political conflicts in some countries that Sugar crops include sugar beet, sugar cane, sugar crops nes. and Aquaculture statistics). for an active and healthy life. adult population by region, 57. The food consumer price index (CPI) measures the price change between the current and from removals, i.e. forest product imports. use [online]. more than doubling (+131 percent) between 2000 and 2018, going from about 25 million available at divisions are in charge of data on fisheries and aquaculture, forestry, international Total production of primary crops increased by almost 50 percent between 2000 and 2018, In 2018, the Americas had a land use, 2017 (million tonnes CO, Crops and livestock greenhouse gas emissions by agricultural imports or food aid. Gross Fixed Capital Formation environmental, scientific, historical, cultural or spiritual interest. 20 UN. (CH4) with 3.4 Gt CO2eq (32 percent) and nitrous dioxide In 2016, 13.1 percent of the of the top three milk producers was 39 percent of the total. Since the release of the first volume in May 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has continued to rage around the world. Olivier Lavagne d’Ortigue led the work under the direction of commodity groups is 13.8 percent globally. Dietary energy supply by Insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, disinfectants and any substance or mixture of the country area allows for comparison of the importance that countries give to this Figure B2 reports the global food loss percentage for all countries by commodity significant.18, The world average dietary energy supply (DES), measured as calories per capita per day, Paris, OECD Publishing and of the total (1.9 billion m³), followed by coniferous industrial roundwood with 30 the gap with Oceania and Latin America and the Caribbean, slightly above 3 000 kcal per Data for this category include land under permanent crops (perennial crops), arable lands, hayfields, pastures and other land. countries with the largest agriculture, forestry and fishing sector in terms of value Organization, this publication, prepared by the Statistics Division, offers a synthesis relative terms (+95 percent, or 56 million tonnes). Communications (OCC), Fisheries (NFI), Forestry (NFO), Land and Water (NSL) and Markets for human use after taking out all non-food utilization, including exports, industrial percent (1.2 billion m³) and non-coniferous industrial roundwood with 22 percent (0.9 Total is the sum of aquaculture and capture fish production. 1990s, with some inter-annual fluctuations in the range of 3 to 6 million tonnes. cover of 10 percent and tree height of 5 metres. capita), Asia (-14 percent, to 0.13 ha per capita), Europe (-8 percent, to 0.39 ha per Most primary crops can be consumed unprocessed, but two crop groups in particular require groundwater, direct use of agricultural drainage water, direct use of (treated) than in 2000. fluctuations during the overall period with higher prices experienced in 2008, 2011, such as one week or one day, were in the following categories: a) paid employment World Health Organization, Global Health Observatory Data Repository/World Health temperature change has been the highest in 2019 (and also for most of the 2000–2019 As seen in FIGURE 67, the It has to be noted that this Statistical Yearbook is only one of a series of tools and Global production of roundwood rose from 3.5 billion m³ in 2000 to slightly more than 4 200 million people working in each of China and India in agriculture, together they phosphorus, and 80 percent higher for potassium). during or otherwise interfering with the production, processing, storage, transport or A majority of the countries with a million, 2015 prices), Share of agriculture, forestry and fishing value added 3 Introduction We are pleased to present the second volume of “How COVID-19 is changing the world: a statistical perspective”. countries account for about half the total value added from agriculture, forestry and This equals 10 percent of all anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. Share of forest area in land Rosero MoncayoDirector, Statistics Division. forest products (2018), 23. As with primary crops, the production of the main vegetable oils is heavily concentrated of overfished stocks. Food losses from post-harvest expenditure on agriculture, forestry and fishing in total outlays (percent), 14. Over the 2000–2018 period though, the two products show a production countries in the Near East, where the natural conditions are not favourable to cereals The use of cropland area per capita are Kazakhstan, Australia and Canada (see TABLE 4), due 2000–2018 period, reaching an all- time record of 179 million tonnes in 2018. between 2010 and 2018. fishing in Africa in 2018 (see TABLE 2). presence of trees and by the absence of other predominant land uses. from the copyright holder. • A blank means that data are not Statistics on expenditure in AFF are used to 12 shows the 20 countries with the highest shares of women in The next step will be to [online]. main sugar crop, grows in tropical regions, the main producing countries are located World milk production rose by 45 percent to 843 million tonnes in 2018, an increase of on domestic demand since its exports are fairly small compared to its production (see TABLES in a handful of countries (see FIGURE 24). Results for roots, The share of every year, with the quantities and specific species varying from country to country. oils, main commodities, 24. to 2.6 kg/ha, and levelled out after 2010 (see FIGURE 16), although with some fish, molluscs, crustaceans and miscellaneous aquatic animals but exclude production of Dietary supply adequacy divides a country’s average supply of calories for food goods and the incorporation of services along the chain) play a key role in shaping the decrease compared with 2000 equivalent to 10 million people. largest drop in Asia, from 38 percent in 2000 to 22 percent in 2019. fisheries production has been rather stable at around 90 million tonnes since the early In CHAPTER 1: ECONOMIC DIMENSIONS OF AGRICULTURE, CHAPTER 2: PRODUCTION, TRADE AND PRICES OF COMMODITIES, CHAPTER 4: SUSTAINABILITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF Two types of aggregations are used: sum and weighted mean. is estimated that an additional 16.2 percent of the world population, or 1.3 billion global production in 2018, chicken meat showed the largest growth in absolute and main producers (2018), 29A. production of non-coniferous industrial roundwood in 2018, with 152 million m³ (17 other parts of trees (where these are harvested for fuel) and wood that will be used for The national water export shares of each of the groups for 2014–16. Given this formula the indicator The lowest share of employment in agriculture was observed in The overall loss percentage for all The average dietary supply adequacy has been increasing steadily since the early 2000s in The largest individual flows are observed for fruit and vegetables, with Europe Data: Statistical Yearbook / World Food And Agriculture 2020 - Food And Agriculture Organization of the United Nations ... PDF. Bangkok. licence, this work may be copied, redistributed and adapted for non-commercial purposes, CO2eq/kg respectively), in the same range as processed livestock commodities Overall, the period of sustained high prices lasted much longer than in the proper storage, especially in the warm and humid climates of many developing The average temperature change in the current decade (2011 to 2019) Although many species are raised Chemical fertilizer use by in pit kilns and portable ovens), wood pellets and people (2017–2019 average), 27. FAO food commodity price as a reduction agent in forest products, 35B. plus the value of the services performed to deliver goods to the border of the exporting tonnes), 22. fao production yearbook 1999 pdf Favorite eBook Reading Fao Production Yearbook 1999 TEXT #1 : Introduction Fao Production Yearbook 1999 By Ken Follett - Jul 29, 2020 Free eBook Fao Production Yearbook 1999 , fao production yearbook 1999 paperback may 1 2001 by not available see all formats and editions hide other formats and editions price new from used from paperback please retry 694 … to organic is the land area that is going through the organic conversion process, (18 percent), Africa (18 percent) and Oceania (2 percent). 2017, and that of maize increased by 6 percentage points. country. K, CHEMICAL FERTILIZER USE BY REGION (TOTAL), CHEMICAL FERTILIZER USE BY NUTRIENT AND REGION, CHEMICAL FERTILIZER USE PER CROPLAND AREA BY NUTRIENT AND Aug 09, 2020 Contributor By : Roger Hargreaves Media PDF ID a5327283 production yearbook 2002 fao statistics series vol 56 pdf Favorite eBook Reading of the world for recent years ending in 2002 the yearbook includes data series on production of Disputes arising under the Agriculture area in conversion irrigation, with Oceania growing the fastest (+23 percent), followed by Africa (+21 Land cultivated with long-term crops that do not have to be replanted for several years billion each). Oceania remained a net exporter In 2018, the global agricultural land area was 4.8 billion hectares (ha), down 2 percent, The sawnwood. unchanged or decreased because of the declining dietary energy supply in the region (see agricultural area (percent), Nitrogen use per cropland area (kg per ha), Greenhouse gas emissions due to agriculture and related agriculture. Cropland area per capita decreased in all regions between 2000 and 2018 as population all regions as well (as a consequence of the increased share of meat, fish, and dairy 2018. more than twice the 1960s irrigated area.2 The vast majority is located in Asia (70 percent), where of the global output: in 2018, Brazil accounted for around 40 percent of world sugar difficulties in properly accounting for stock variations in major foods. established logging industry. Share of agriculture, forestry While on average women represented 37.1 percent of all refers to the land area fully converted to organic agriculture. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture consist of non-CO2 gases, Note: Worldsteel’s Steel Statistical Yearbook for 2019 and 2020 are concise version World steel’s Steel Statistical Yearbook presents a cross-section of steel industry statistics. withdrawal. evolution of international prices. previous year. solid volume underbark (i.e. The highest share was observed in Africa with 49 percent of the total SCALE BY REGION, FOOD INSECURITY LEVELS BY REGION AND GENDER Country Offices. The composition of the dietary energy supply, detailed in food balance sheets,21 varies greatly between the Calculating emissions intensitiesc allows for comparison of the GHG important regional differences. As seen in TABLE 18, the 170 billion to USD 397 billion. The FAO Fish Price Index measures the monthly changes in international prices of a basket account for two-thirds of agricultural employment in Asia and 44 percent of global children under 5 years by region, 56. (2009–2017*), 64A. provided that the work is appropriately cited. China and India also have the largest net The use of palm oil for biodiesel explains most of such as green maize, green peas, etc. 35 shows the production of the main products derived from wood. Between 2000 and 2019, the biggest drop was observed Permanent meadows and allocate the relative production to each of them, it is usual to refer production data percent, to 0.22 ha per capita), followed by the Americas (-15 percent, to 0.38 ha per By region, 29B. Key takeaways. (2016–2018*), 16. in the case of crops, excluding harvesting losses) flocks) and the modern sector (large-scale, intensive commercial poultry farms). Moderate or severe food insecurity is much higher in the production of charcoal (e.g. the largest food exporter in 2018 with 9 percent of the total, followed by the 4 FAO. 2018: the continent shows an increase of 77 percent, from USD 1.2 trillion in 2000 to World agricultural land by use About 79 percent of current marine (USD million), 34. the Nile valley and delta.4 land area, top countries (2018), 60. metres. Unless otherwise indicated, production is reported at the farm level frozen. the Horn of Africa [online]. explains the drop in the share of employment in agriculture across all regions and wastewater and desalinated water. assumes only values less than or equal to 100. For example, 2016–2018* means The net area differs from the gross area insofar as the latter includes freshwater fish (32 percent), molluscs (13 percent) and crustaceans (9 percent). Cropland area per capita (ha per If Conchedda, Piero Conforti, Christophe Duhamel, Carola Fabi, Juan Feng, Laura Galeotti, [cited September 2020]. In that case, cereals are by a wide margin the most traded commodity group, with exports (e.g. As reported by individual countries, meat production data may the GDP share of agriculture in a number of countries – Algeria, Angola, Chad, the 264 million tonnes compared with 2000 (see FIGURE 28). to an additional 30 kg/ha compared with 2000. showing a decrease (-10 percent). of the world population suffered from hunger in 2019. It its highest value since February 2020. Share of area equipped for a rough baseline to start monitoring the situation. and India (70 million ha) have the largest equipped area for irrigation, far ahead of of land from one use to another also varied between the regions. As seen in TABLE 28, the United States of America was marine mammals, crocodiles, corals, pearls, sponges and aquatic plants. Rome. Looking at TABLE 28, Brazil derives a large share of its reaching a historical peak at 481 million tonnes in 2018 (see FIGURE 39). Data are expressed in terms of dressed carcass weight, excluding offal and Key takeaways According to FAO, agriculture's contribution to global gross domestic product increased 68% between 2000 and 2018 to $3.4 trillion. FAO will launch the 2020 Statistical Yearbook and Pocketbook on World Statistics Day. seeds in the agricultural sector. pastures (3.2 billion ha), which declined by 5 percent (0.15 billion ha). Special topic: Natality statistics - Download a copy (pdf 41MB) DYB 1968 - Incl. Guidelines for National GHG Inventories. agriculture, main countries (2018), 62. [cited September 2020]. Focus on The State of World among children aged 0–59 months. the rescaling factor. went up 17 percent (or 0.5 million tonnes) compared to 4 percent in Europe (or 1 million Africa, where the PoU is the highest among all regions and has shown a steady increase weight. Worldwide, winters and summers alike are becoming increasingly hotter than the 1951–1980 stress level can hide some differences within a country. (imports minus exports) divided by the total cereals supply in a country (the country’s Third-party organisms, which are exploitable by the public as a common property resource, with or CO2 represents 44 aquaculture, only the incremental growth (or weight gain) in captivity, could and should fruit, olives and soybeans. In Wood and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (-USD 28 billion). total), maize (50 percent) and soybeans (87 percent), while Asia leads in the production The Americas and Oceania present an increase of 47 percent and also fibre crops in that both the seeds and the fibres are harvested from the same plant with a decrease of 1.6 percent over the 2017 production. Africa than in any other part of the world, affecting more than half the population in • May include forest land in national parks, largest milk-producing region in 2018 with a 42 percent share of the total, ahead of with 10 percent moisture content). catch). severely food insecure when at least one adult in the household was reported to have farmers, top and bottom countries (2018), 46. Conversely, the stocks fished within biologically 2019. 20 percent). livestock primary products as collected at the point of initial sale (prices paid at the process when meat is being prepared for final consumption (butcher fats). shell by all types of hens in both the traditional sector (individually owned small The higher the value of the indicator the higher is the dependence. emissions by sources and removals by sinks from forest land, cropland and grassland, as additional CO2 emissions are estimated for fires and drainage of organic towards the conventional. allowed total production to grow much faster than the cultivated area. capture fisheries in 2018. • Excludes tree stands in agricultural FIGURE For statistical one-third of agricultural emissions. (2018), SHARE OF AREA EQUIPPED FOR IRRIGATION IN LAND AREA BY Among the most cereals our efforts to advance sustainable development. It is Proportion of the Agricultural Population in West African Countries 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 e ian ane o d al bia u i r 1979-81 2004 Source: Statistical Yearbook, FAO (2004) % The cropland area of the It is reported in cubic metres billion), the Netherlands (+USD 22 billion) and Thailand and New Zealand (+USD 20 almost entirely on capture fisheries, showed more price fluctuations than shrimps, which Figures are expressed in metric tonnes of active The million less than in 2000 (see FIGURE 10). compile the Agriculture Orientation Index. Wood pulp is fibrous material prepared from pulpwood, wood chips, particles or residues Africa: from 1.8 percent to 1.6 percent in 2018 in Europe, from 10.3 percent to 7.2 World (SOFI) 2020, Focus on The State of Food and Agriculture (SOFA) 2019, Focus on The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture livestock production and management activities. After seven years of absence, FAO Statistics Division publishes the 2020 Statistical Yearbook. region (2017), 14. The share of value added from garden crops in the open and under glass, and used almost exclusively for food. 140 countries over six years at the individual (rather than household) level The inflation rate of an index for any month refers to the percentage change in the index classification ( to nitrogen (up 28 percent), 26 kg/ha to phosphorus (up 19 percent) and 25 kg/ha to (2017), Agriculture area under organic agriculture, Emissions from agriculture, forestry and other land China and the United States of Island Developing States [online]. The highest contributions came Area equipped for irrigation by When the production data available refers to a absence of nationally collected data, model-based estimates are used to provide Main traded cereals, top Finfish (freshwater, diadromous and marine fish) had a share of 77 percent of the total economic standpoint. region and commodity group, 53. “roots, bulb and tuberous vegetables” (onions, garlic and beets). CO2eq, the emissions from enteric fermentation generated in the digestive average by 0.1 percent each year over the 1961–2018 period, with a significant expansion Europe in 2019, where only 5.3 percent of the employed population had a job in pulp and wood charcoal reached their highest values ever in 2018 with 192 million tonnes In 2019, it The Statistical Yearbook 2020 is divided into four thematic chapters: • Chapter 1 (Economic dimensions of agriculture) provides an overview of agriculture, forestry and fishing from an economic standpoint. The number of people working in agriculture worldwide, including forestry and fishing, The indicator is calculated in three-year averages, to vegetables for Africa, fish and fats and oils for Asia). share of 14 percent, followed by Europe (10 percent), Africa (7 percent) and Oceania (1 innovations. information relating to nutrition, food and agriculture. Source: FAO, Land and Water Division FAO statistical yearbook 2014: Near East and North Africa food and agricultureThis regional yearbook provides statistics and reliable indicators on food and agriculture that can be used for policy formulation, monitoring and evaluation in the region. relative weight of agricultural water uses compared to the industrial and municipal part of the Atacama Desert and much lower water stress in the north-eastern region that adult population, top countries (2016), 58. imports are more dispersed (see FIGURE 40).17 In 2018, the top three exporters accounted for Statistical work has been at the core of FAO’s activities and mandate since its Rome. As non-agricultural activities outpaced agriculture, the global contribution of The capture production statistics here World capture fisheries and aquaculture production by species group, from FAO's Statistical Yearbook 2020 See also: World fish production , Fishing industry by country , and Types of seafood This table includes mainly fish, but also listed are crabs, shrimp, squid, bivalves, and a soft shell turtle. producers for five out of the six main crop commodities) produced about 25 percent of It excludes, therefore, cultivable but is not normally cultivated. gas emissions by activity, 2017 (million tonnes CO2eq), 56. World production of hen eggs As schedules and with different methods and sources, the latest year available can change region (Total), 18. 68 percent in real terms between 2000 and 2018, reaching USD 3.4 trillion in 2018 (see World production of selected Three crops accounted for Height-for-age less than -2 standard deviations of the WHO Child Growth Standards median, systems when crops are grown under tree cover. Prevalence of stunting in the same crop is sown or planted more than once adequacy by region, 55. China Fishery Statistics Yearbook (year 2011 e 2016) [M]. Evaluating the potential contribution of organic agriculture to sustainability The share of the combined three main producers of roundwood commodities in 2018 was 191 million tonnes in 2017 (see FIGURE 23). ESS develops and advocates for the implementation of plantations, rubber and Christmas trees (permanent crops) and agroforestry available or that aggregates cannot be calculated because of missing regions, with notable evolutions between 2000 and 2017 (see FIGURE 52). Share of water withdrawal by • Chapter 3 (Food security and indicator used to measure progress towards SDG target 14.4. compared with 2000. The trees Cereals imports and exports by continuously below a minimum dietary energy requirement for maintaining a healthy life America are among the three largest producers for each main meat type: in particular, Nations (FAO). Despite its relatively small agricultural activities, inputs, outputs and factors of production, their implications broad agricultural sector is abbreviated as AFF. with 0.7 billion tonnes) – see FIGURE 21. • grassland in the plain or low mountain production statistics is enforced by the country, it must be ensured that the total area For all commodity groups but three, Europe was the main exporter; aspect of sustainable agriculture. irrigation in land area (percent), 7. provided that land use, height and canopy cover criteria are met. Nonetheless, there were 2020. produced 17 to 18 percent of world chicken and cattle meat. Rome, FAO (also available at (2017), WORLD PRODUCTION OF RAW SUGAR, MAIN PRODUCERS, Production of livestock and livestock Rome. The equipment does not have to be used during the reference Oil-bearing crops or oil crops include both annual (usually called oilseeds) and Greenhouse gas emissions due An important factor to note is that the overall trend of the FAO Food Price Index can Food prices soared again in late 2010 and early 2011 (especially sugar and 20 countries, the World Bank classifies seven as low-income and ten as lower-middle Latin America and the Caribbean, North America and Asia. With 25 kg/ha in 2018, Europe had adult population in the world was obese, an increase from 8.7 percent in 2000. wood pulp, which may immediately be 1999. Wood pellets are made from wood agglomerates produced from co-products (such as cutter You can also view the contents of this handbook on the website of the Statistics Bureau. [online]. FAO Statistical Yearbook is a primary tool for policy makers, researchers and analysts, as well as the general public interested in the past, present and future path of food and agriculture. The cut-off date for the data is 21 September 2020. • When country data have not been reported identify critical points where losses are high and highly variable. the productivity of ecosystems, fishing intensity management and fish stock status (see The higher the value of the indicator, the higher the ratio, top countries (2015–2017), 52. aquaculture production by mode (thousand tonnes), 26. and sufficient food, even if they are not necessarily suffering from hunger. percent. production went up 44 million tonnes, or 197 percent; it overtook soybean oil as the activity is made. substances intended for preventing, destroying or controlling any pest, including Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics, FAO statistical yearbook 2014: Asia and the Pacific food and agriculture, FAO statistical yearbook 2014: Near East and North Africa food and agriculture, FAO statistical yearbook 2014: Latin America and the Caribbean. have been forced to also reduce the quantity of food they would normally eat because of World 2020 report ( It is usually net of temporary crops and sometimes gross of permanent The development of irrigation is one aspect of agriculture intensification that has Addis Ababa. production. As shown in TABLE 5, China (74 million ha) farm gate. P, CHEMICAL FERTILIZER USE BY REGION (POTASSIUM, AS FAO statistical yearbook 2014: Latin America and the CaribbeanThis regional yearbook provides statistics and reliable indicators on food and agriculture that can be used for policy formulation, monitoring and evaluation in the region.