In psychology, priming is a technique in which the introduction of one stimulus influences how people respond to a subsequent stimulus. Amygdala—part of the limbic system of the brain that influences emotions such as aggression, fear, and self-protective behaviors; is involved in the storage of emotional memories. The two ty pes of processing are those of shallow processing and deep processing. Does being metacognitive really matter? Sexual orientation—the direction of an individual's sexual interest. Explicit … The therapist takes the client's role, and their supervisor takes on the role of the therapist. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2)—most widely used objective test of personality, originally designed to distinguish individuals with different psychological problems from normal individuals; today used to identify personality characteristics. Reference: Goldstein, B (2011). Taste aversion—negative response to particular foods that may be inborn and/or acquired through classical conditioning. Conduction deafness—loss of hearing that results when the eardrum is punctured or ossicles lose their ability to vibrate. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)—disorder in which the individual has feelings of social withdrawal accompanied by atypically low levels of emotion caused by prolonged exposure to a stressor, such as a catastrophe; may experience flashbacks and nightmares. Personality disorders—chronic, maladaptive thought and behavior patterns that are troublesome to others, harmful, or illegal. Recessive gene—the gene that is hidden or not expressed when the genes for a trait are different. Deep processing and shallow processing are two different ways of absorbing knowledge. Anterograde amnesia—a disorder caused by brain damage that disrupts a person's ability to form new long-term memories of events that occur after the time of the brain damage. Can be affected by small distortions in the shape of the eye. A. What is cognitive and metacognitive factors in learning? Antipsychotic drugs—powerful medicines that lessen agitated behavior, reduce tension, decrease hallucinations and delusions, improve social behavior, and produce better sleep behavior especially in patients with schizophrenia (also called neuroleptics). Identical twins—also called monozygotic twins; two individuals who share all of the same genes/heredity because they develop from the same zygote. The wavelength is inversely proportional to the frequency. Non-REM or NREM sleep—sleep stages 1–4 during which rapid eye movements do NOT occur. Our thought processes aren't limited to the classroom, and we learn all the time, from everyday experiences as well as from teachers and professors. Neuropsychologists—neuroscientists who explore the relationships between brain/nervous systems and behavior. Mean—the arithmetic average of a set of scores. Instinctive drift—the tendency of an animal to revert to instinctive behavior which interferes with learning. Maladaptive behavior—behavior which is counterproductive; interferes with one's interaction in society, and is a factor in mental illness. Acquisition—learning a new behavior; refers to the initial stage of conditioning in which the new response is established and gradually strengthened. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Unconscious—the level of consciousness of which we are unaware, that may include unacceptable feelings, wishes, and thoughts not directly available to conscious awareness, according to psychodynamic psychologists/psychoanalysts. Blue - Important Points. Psychology; AP; Person variables: Just like it sounds, this strand defines how individuals understand their own learning styles, strengths, and weaknesses. Prejudice—unjustified attitudes we hold about others; generally negative evaluation based on ethnicity, race, sex, or some other criterion. Fictional final goals—according to Adler's personality theory, these direct our behavior and, since largely unattainable, need to be modified over time. Memory terms. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Superego—the third part of Freud's personality systems which makes us feel proud when we obey its strict morality and feel guilt when we give in to the id's more pleasure-seeking urges. Ethnocentrism—belief that your culture or social group is superior to others. Selective attention. Pitch—the highness or lowness of a sound. Avoidance-avoidance conflict—a conflict in which the individual must choose between two unattractive stimuli or circumstances. Attitude—learned predisposition to respond favorably or unfavorably to certain people, objects, or events. ii MEMORY MEMORY A Five-Unit Lesson Plan for High School Psychology Teachers This unit is aligned to the following content and performance standards of the National … Androgyny—the presence of desirable masculine and feminine characteristics in one individual. Neuron—the basic unit of structure and function of your nervous system. Of, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. But actually, being metacognitive can help people with memory and awareness. Details. Automatic processing—unconscious encoding of information about space, time, and frequency that occurs without interfering with our thinking about other things. Cards Return to Set Details. Endorphins—neurotransmitters similar to the opiate morphine that relieves pain, and may induce feelings of pleasure. Encoding – Forming Memory Code. Psychology. Charlie circles back and has his students go deeper. Hallucinations—perceptual experiences that occur in the absence of external stimulation of the corresponding sensory organ; characteristic of schizophrenia and some drug states. - Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment, What is Dysthymic Disorder? Prenatal development—period of development that begins with fertilization, or conception, and ends with birth. Signal detection theory—maintains that minimum threshold varies with fatigue, attention, expectations, motivation, and emotional distress, as well as from one person to another. Forensic psychologists—psychologists who apply psychological principles to legal issues. Learn vocabulary, (dual processing) AP Psychology Unit 1. AP Psychology. Predictive validity—the extent to which a test accurately forecasts a specific future result. Central trait—a general characteristic that shapes much of our behavior (according to Allport). Self-report methods—most common personality assessment technique, involves person answering a series of questions such as a personality questionnaire or supplying information about himself or herself. Visual encoding—the encoding of pictorial images into our memory. Anxiety—a feeling of impending doom or disaster from a specific or unknown source that is characterized by mood symptoms of tension, agitation, and apprehension; bodily symptoms of sweating, muscular tension, and increased heart rate and blood pressure; as well as cognitive symptoms of worry, rumination, and distractibility. Term. Green - Important People & Contributions Memory. Place theory—the position on the basilar membrane at which waves reach their peak depending on the frequency of a tone. Linked to disease or brain damage. Cohort effect—observed group differences based on the era when people were born and grew up exposing them to particular experiences which may affect results of cross-sectional studies. Unconditioned stimulus (UCS)—in classical conditioning, the stimulus (change) that naturally and automatically triggers the reflexive unconditioned response (UR). Standardized tests—set of tasks administered under standard conditions to assess an individual's knowledge, skill, or personality characteristics. Synapse—region of communication between the transmitting presynaptic neuron and receiving postsynaptic neuron or muscle or gland, consisting of the presynaptic terminal buttons, a tiny space, and receptor sites typically on the postsynaptic dendrites. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder—a recurrent depressive disorder occurring most months in the days before a woman starts menstruating characterized by mood swings, feeling suddenly sad or tearful, irritability or anger, feelings of being "keyed up," difficulty concentrating, lack of energy, change in appetite, change in sleep patterns, sensation of bloating. 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