Asclepias curassavica L. Common Name: Blood-flowerFamily: Apocynaceae Juss. The species name “curassavica” is derived from Curacao (an island in the southern Caribbean Sea, off the Venezuelan coast), where the first specimens of this plant were collected. Besides their medicinal uses, Asclepias Ajna Fern Pleurisy root is used in herbalism as an antispasmodic, carminative, mildly cathartic, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, tonic and vasodilator. Asclepias curassavica var. The root contains a glycoside, asclepiadin, which is used as an emetic and purgative [332, 348 ]. A paste made of the crushed leaves, combined with salt, vegetable oil and bread, is used for treating skin ulcers [348 ]. ---Medicinal Action and Uses---The plant is used medicinally in the United States for the anodyne properties of its root and its rhizome and root have been employed successfully, like those of A. tuberosa, both in powder and infusion, in cases of asthma and typhus fever attended with catarrh, producing expectoration and relieving cough and pain. XIX, 19). But when the card… Red-head cotton bush (Asclepias curassavica) was recently ranked among the top 200 most invasive plants in south-eastern Queensland, and it is mainly a concern in riparian areas and wetlands in this region. Under these conditions, tropical milkweed produces higher cardenolide concentrations. The tea is said to remove tapeworms from the body in one hour. ), by many regarded as a variety of incarnata, from which it is distinguished by its hairiness, the other being nearly smooth, is indiscriminately used under the same names. ---Other Species--- CALATROPIS Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. America Description: Showy perennial to 1 m with woody base, stems with milky sap; oblanceolate leaves 5-15 cm long, the flowers in umbels with reflexed, 5 parted corolla brilliant red-purple, exposing the crown of 5 orange horned hoods. However, when the stems or leaves are … Asclepias curassavica L. Accepted Name Blood Flower Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Gentianales > Apocynaceae > Asclepias > Asclepias curassavica L. Butterfly Weed Root is used internally in the treatment of diarrhea, dysentery, chronic rheumatism, and as an expectorant. Journ. Common milkweed has a long history as a natural remedy—and has many other uses, too! A. syrica (Willd.) From A. vincetoxicum (Linn. See under: Asclepias curassavica is something I came across in an obscure seed catalogue. Some are also considered toxic. Besides the above-named species, various other species of the genus have been used medicinally. Blood Flower is a good herbal remedy for treating disorders causing Respiratory discomforts namely Asthma, Cough, Bronchitis and Pneumonia. Family: Apocynaceae Subfamily:Asclepiadoideae Tribe:Asclepiadeae Subtribe:AsclepiadinaeGenus: Asclepias ex Schult. In Mexico, it is used internally in to treat cancer of the stomach, intestines, uterus and kidneys, and externally on malignant tumours. Medicinal use of Common Milkweed: The root is anodyne, diaphoretic, diuretic, emetic, expectorant and purgative. The plant can cause an increase in sweating which can somewhat help when combating a fever. Journ., 1903, 714). Country of Origin: Trop. with help from In postVedic literature, Soma is a regular name for the moon, which is regarded as being drunk by the gods and so waning, till it is filled up again by the Sun. It has also been used in scrofula (tuberculosis infection of the lymph nodes in the neck) with great success. ), is used in the Southern States as a remedy in snake bites and the bites of venomous insects. The root of this species sometimes occurs in commercial Senega Root (Polygala Senega). The preparation of the Soma juice was a very sacred ceremony and the worship of the god is very old. Start seed indoors in pots 8-10 weeks before last spring frost date. Tolerates some light shade. Asclepias curassavica growing with ornamental grasses. PLEURISY ROOT The genus name Asclepias is derived from Asklepios, the Greek god of healing, and reflects … ... Common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) is the best known of the 100 or so milkweed species native to North America. B. Marina Vera Ku Es nativa de América y se distribuye en los trópicos y subtrópicos. The three species of Asclepias most used in medicine are the Calotropis procera, A. tuberosa (Pleurisy root) and A. Incarnata (Swamp Milkweed). In addition to the concerns over OE and disruption of migration behavior, emerging research suggests that tropical milkweed may actually become toxic to monarch caterpillars when the plants are exposed to the warmer temperatures associated with climate change. The butterflies are native to NZ, they flew here from the It has also been used in scrofula with great success. Richard Morris. In 1753, eminent botanist Carl Linnaeus gave the Blood Flower milkweed its Latin genus name, "Asclepias." Ethnobotanical Uses Medicinal ( … D. St. Cyr commends it in phthisis (Ph. The juice has a faint smell and subacid taste and an acid reaction. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. SWAMP MILKWEED, Common Name Index Asclep (A. Cornuti, Decaisne), found abundantly in Syria, cultivated in some parts of Europe. It is a very common roadside weed in the eastern and central states of North America, where it is called 'Silkweed,' from the silky down which surmounts the seed, being an inch or two in length, and which has been used for making hats and for stuffing beds and pillows. Asclepias curassavica f. kentingensis F.C.Ho Asclepias curassavica f. pallidiflora Griseb. Grows best in light, rich, evenly moist, well-drained soil in full sun. Es muy abundante en las zonas húmedas de México, donde es una maleza. A. Pulchra (Ehrh. The plant is used by the negroes as an emetic and the root as a purgative . In both the Rig Veda and Zend Avesta, Soma is the king of plants; in both, it is a medicine which gives health, long life and removes death. It has been used as a substitute for ipecacuanha [332 ]. It has been used in the treatment of asthma, kidney stones, venereal disease etc. A MODERN HERBAL Home Page, © Copyright Protected 1995-2020 Commonly known as Tropical Milkweed, Scarlet Milkweed and Blood Flower, this plant is a member of the family Apocynaceae, the dogbane family. Ken Fern, In Hindu mythology, Soma - the Indian Bacchus- and one of the most important of the Vedic gods, is a personification of the Soma plant, A. acida, from which an intoxicating milky juice is squeezed. It it said to be a valuable herb in all chest complaints and in the treatment of many lung diseases. It is a native of the West Indies, abounding especially in Nevis and St. Kitts. It is widely used in treatment of Piles. The database and code is licensed under a The genus Asclepias (the milkweeds) are named after Asclepius, the Greek god of healing, for the many medicinal uses of the milkweed plants. Plants are noted for being weedy in their native tropical habitats and in warm winter areas such as the deep South where they will self-seed somewhat profusel… A herbal poultice of the roots is used in the treatment of swellings… Blood flower is winter hardy to USDA Zones 9-11. Asclepias curassavica is sometimes used in butterfly gardens (see above for concerns for monarchs) or as a cut flower. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Monarch caterpillars are tolerant of these chemicals⁠—in fact, cardenolides are the very compound that protects the monarch from predation. Asclepias curassavica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Asclepias curassavica es una planta tropical muy utilizada en la jardinería por la belleza de sus flores y sus propiedades medicinales. Asclepias margaritacea Hoffmanns. In Jamaica, a poultice of the root is used to treat ringworm and to stop bleeding. In St. Louis, it is grown as an annual. Detailed information on the medicinal uses of more than two hundred rainforest plants, mainly from S. America, with basic descriptions of the plants, their other uses etc. Its roots are favourable in countering Scrofula. Asclepias curassavica - Red Milkweed Also known as tropical milkweed, these brilliant red and yellow blossoms explode with color in their first growing season. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region The plant contains beta-sitosterol, which is antihypercholesterolemic (reduces cholesterol), anti-prostatic, and oestrogenic[ Also known as Pleurisy Root, Butterfly Weed is an edible plant that is used by herbalists. Caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity. Asclepias is a genus of herbaceous, perennial, flowering plants known as milkweeds, named for their latex, a milky substance containing cardiac glycosides termed cardenolides, exuded where cells are damaged. This article was useful in telling me what to expect from it and how to propagate it. Ph. ), 'TamePoison,' besides the glucoside Asclepiadin said closely to resemble emetine in its physiological properties, the glucoside Vincetoxir has been isolated. web interface by Plus, milkweed is the food of our beautiful monarch butterflies. The plant is used medicinally in the tropics for the anodyne (pain eliminating) properties of its roots. A. curas-savica (Blood-weed and Redhead) is also called in the West Indies 'Bastard Ipecacuanha.'. Esta especie pertenece a la familia Apocynaceae, género Asclepias (la mayoría de las especies son cultivadas con fines medicinales). Asclepias margaritacea Hoffmanns. An infusion of its root was formerly recommended in dropsical cases and disorders peculiar to women, as well as for promoting perspiration in fevers, measles and other eruptive complaints, but is now much less used. ---Medicinal Action and Uses--- The plant is used medicinally in the United States for the anodyne properties of its root and its rhizome and root have been employed successfully, like those of A. tuberosa, both in powder and infusion, in cases of asthma and typhus fever attended with catarrh, producing expectoration and relieving cough and pain. Both root and expressed juice are emetic, the former in the dose of 20 to 40 grains, the latter in that of a fluid ounce. The true home of the plant was fabled to be in heaven, Soma being drunk by gods as well as men, and it is under its influence that Indra is related to have created the universe and fixed the earth and sky in their place. Twelve fluid ounces of a saturated decoction are said to cause an anodyne and sudorific effect, followed by gentle sleep. According to the Kew Bulletin, 1897 this plant has insecticidal properties, being especially obnoxious to fleas. Plant seedlings outside after last frost date. There is a long list of medicinal uses for Milkweed which include asthma, arthritis, bronchitis, edema aka dropsy, kidney stones, scrofula, some bladder issues, water retention, stomach ailments, gallstones and some female disorders. With numerous common names including tropical milkweed, bloodflower, scarlet milkweed, sunset flower and silkweed, Asclepias curassavica is an interesting member of the milkweed family (Asclepiadaceae) thought to be native to the Caribbean, South America, Central America or Mexico. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Noted for its very long blooming season, Asclepias curassavica (Tropical Milkweed) is an upright evergreen sub-shrub boasting eye-catching clusters of orange-red flowers adorned with yellow hoods from early summer to fall. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Bed of cultivated plants in the Jardin d'Éden, Réunion, Seeds and floss emerging from the seed capsule,,,, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. ex Schult. ---Constituents---It has a very milky juice, which is used as a domestic application to warts. Its extract bear the properties of being an effective Heart Tonic. The medicinal species contain alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, and cardiac glycosides and have analgesic, dermatological, laxative, and respiratory properties. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Jul 29, 2018 - Asclepias curassavica (Tropical Milkweed) is an evergreen, perennial subshrub up to 3.3 feet (1 m) tall with pale gray stems. Asclepias curassavica L. Dra. The rooms infected are thoroughly swept with rough brooms made from the weed and the pests are said to disappear. Asclepias margaritacea Hoffmanns. Medicinal use of Swamp Milkweed: A tea made from the roots is anthelmintic, carminative, diuretic, emetic, strongly laxative and stomachic. Attempts have been made to use it as a cotton substitute. It is easily grown from seed each year. concolor Krug & Urb. The leaves and flowers of the plant are considered toxic and reports of smaller grazing animals dying from consumption of the leaves have been reported. The fibres of the stem, prepared in the same manner as those of hemp and flax, furnish a very long, fine thread, of a glossy whiteness. The juice, made into a syrup, is given as a powerful anthelmintic to children in the West Indies. In South America, fresh or dried and powdered leaves are applied on cancerous sores, and are used in the treatment of dysentery, piles and gonorrhoea. Both in France and Russia it has had textile use. The plant also contains naphthoquinones which have demonstrated antifungal activities against Cladosporium cucumerinum, Candida albicans and toxic properties against larvae of the yellow fever-transmitting mosquito[ It contains a crystalline substance of a resinous character, closely allied to lactucone and called Asclepione; also wax-like, fatty matter, caoutchouc, gum, sugar, salts of acetic acid and other salts. All the 114 hymns of the ninth book of the Rig Veda are in his praise. The flowers are a great source of nectar for butterflies, hummingbirds, bees, and other beneficial insects. Every butterfly garden needs this annual plant. Tolerates some soil dryness. Tribal and Herbal Medicine Uses Root extracts of cancerillo are widely used in South America an emetic (induces vomiting) and laxative. An indigenous North American species A. verticillata (Linn. They are also cathartic and vermifuge in somewhat smaller doses (Amer. In Western