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CBRNE | Detection
STURBRIDGE, MA, March 6, 2017 Optim LLC, a premier manufacturer of flexible videoscopes for contraband detection, proudly displayed their FreedomView Videoscope to key military personnel at the recent IDEX Conference in Abu Dhabi, UAE. Emirates Advanced Research & Technology Holding LLC ("EARTH") generously welcomed Optim's President, Paul Joyce, to showcase the FreedomView Videoscope in EARTH's booth.
EARTH and Optim were awarded a contract during the IDEX Conference to supply the FreedomView contraband detection videoscope to CICPA (Critical Infrastructure and Coastal Protection Authority), the wing of the UAE military which includes the UAE Coast Guard.
"Optim has a long history supplying FreedomView products to US Customs and Border Patrol in support of their efforts to secure the US borders. We look forward to starting a similar long term relationship supporting CICPA's mission to secure UAE coastlines and infrastructure," stated Paul Joyce, CEO of Optim LLC.
Optim's FreedomView Videoscope is certified by UL for use in hazardous environments. This rigorous certification along with the videoscope's unique one-handed design makes the FreedomView ideal for military and security professionals to safely perform visual inspections of vehicles, vessels, containers and other areas where contraband may be hidden.
Optim LLC develops, manufactures and supports state-of-the-art endoscopy products and accessories that help medical professionals, law enforcement officers and industrial users work more effectively and efficiently. Our breakthrough, flexible fiberscopes with integrated LED lighting enable customers to bring precision optical capabilities wherever they are needed.
MADISON, ME Smiths Detection Inc. (SDI), in partnership with its Northeast distributor, Access Control Systems Inc., announced that the Somerset County Jail in Madison, ME, is the first county correctional facility in Maine to install a body scanner. The Somerset County Sheriff’s Office has conducted more than 1,000 scans to date, significantly reducing the amount of contraband being brought into the facility, while greatly improving efficiency and reducing costs.
Sheriff Dale P. Lancaster of the Somerset County Sheriff’s Office commented, "We are very pleased with the effects the B-SCAN has had on safety and security for both staff and inmates. The body scanner has detected multiple occurrences of drugs and weapons concealed internally and has greatly reduced the cost previously spent to watch inmates in dry cells. From procurement through installation and training, Access Control Systems and Smiths Detection provided the expertise and oversight necessary to ensure our success with this project.”
Smiths Detection Inc.’s B-SCAN, a transmission X-ray body scanner, is a major deterrent in helping correctional facilities keep drugs and other contraband out. It can detect concealed contraband that has been ingested, hidden in body cavities, or beneath clothing, greatly reducing the need for manual searches. This system is easy to integrate into an existing checkpoint and requires minimal training to operate. It is also backed by Smiths Detection’s 24/7/365 technical support call center. There are hundreds of B-SCAN systems deployed around the world, largely in correctional facilities.
Somerset County Jail is also the first agency internationally to receive Smiths' Enhanced Image Evaluation training and has opted to implement a “Train the Trainer” program, allowing selected staff to train other staff thus saving time and money in the future.
Dan Gelston, President of SDI, said, “Somerset County is a pioneer in the State of Maine. They were the first to install a B-SCAN body scanner to help enhance the safety of their staff and inmate population and serve as a role model to other counties in the state. We continue to work with organizations to help them implement our world-class technology to meet their requirements of increasing security and improving safety.”
Smiths Detection, part of Smiths Group, is a global leader in threat detection and screening technologies for military, air transportation, homeland security and emergency response markets. Our experience and history across more than 40 years at the frontline, enables us to provide unrivalled levels of expertise to detect and identify constantly changing chemical, radiological, nuclear and explosive threats, as well as weapons, dangerous goods, contraband and narcotics. Our goal is simple – to provide security, peace of mind and freedom of movement upon which the world depends. For more information visit www.smithsdetection.com
Access Control System is a Smiths Detection authorized distributor in the Northeast region of the USA. For 20 years Access Control Systems has been a security screening systems integrator, supplying the most advanced technology and systems support to meet the needs of their customers. For more information visit www.a-c-s.biz or contact Heather Shaver, VP of Business Development at [email protected] or 401-683-8589.
BALTIMORE Feb. 23, 2017 Baltimore biotech firm, PathSensors, Inc., announced today that in a published evaluation of multiple immunoassay-based threat detection technologies by researchers from the Pacific National Northwest Laboratory (PNNL), a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory, PathSensors’ CANARY® biosensor threat detection technology was found to have the best level of detection (LOD) for two bio terror threats, Bacillus anthracis (anthrax) and Ricin.
The report, "Evaluation of Immunoassays and General Biological Indicator Tests for Field Screening of Bacilus anthracis and Ricin," compared fourteen immunoassays from ten different technology providers, including PathSensor’s CANARY biosensor immunoassay and PathSensor’s Zephyr assay sample reader.
A measure of the effectiveness of bio terror and bio threat detection technologies is the technology’s tested “limit of detection,” which indicates the level of sensitivity of the technology and its ability to avoid false positives (false alarms). A lower limit of detection indicates a better level of threat detection sensitivity and lower false alarm rate and is more desirable for bio threat detection applications. In the case of PathSensors’ CANARY® Zephyr technology, the PNNL report found that for detection of bacillus anthracis:
“….the CANARY Zephyr achieved an estimated limit of detection of 10^3 spores/mL, which was 4 orders of magnitude lower than any other immunoassay tested.” [PNNL report, page 87]
For detection of Ricin toxin, the PNNL report found that:
“…The CANARY Zephyr achieved the lowest limit of detection (3ng/mL).” [PNNL report, page 87]
“This new report from PNNL scientists is only the latest in what has been a series of independent validations of PathSensors’ CANARY pathogen detection technology,” commented Ted Olsen, CEO, PathSensors, Inc. “Anthrax and Ricin are just two of the many pathogens CANARY can detect; now users of CANARY can know that they are using one of the most highly sensitive and cost effective bio threat solutions available.”
PathSensors’ CANARY® (Cellular Analysis and Notification of Antigen Risks and Yields) technology is a biosensor technology that delivers rapid detection
of pathogens – including toxins, viruses, and bacteria – at high levels of sensitivity and specificity. First developed at the MIT-Lincoln Laboratory, CANARY® incorporates pathogen-specific antibodies expressed on the biosensor surface which, in the presence of a pathogen, trigger an intracellular calcium release that in turn activates bioluminescent proteins whose light output can be measured and analyzed. In independent tests by U.S. government labs, PathSensors’ CANARY® technology was shown to be superior to alternative technologies in terms of sensitivity and speed of detection. PathSensors has a continually growing library of biosensors for threats such as HLB, Phytophthora, and Ebola.
About PathSensors, Inc.
PathSensors is a leading biotechnology solutions and environmental testing company. PathSensors provides high speed, highly sensitive pathogen and threat detection solutions for the defense, homeland security, public health, medical countermeasures, mail room screening, first responder, food processing and agricultural sectors. For more information, visit http://www.pathsensors.com
SAN RAFAEL, CA Feb. 8, 2017 BNC Scientific (San Rafael, CA) is rolling out a new line of nuclear area monitors with a rich feature set previously only available in consumer electronics. The new RadWall area monitors detect and alarm on nuclear radiation in real time. While there are several manufactures of radiation detection and isotope identification nuclear area monitors, the RadWall S300 is the first commercial system to offer IoT connectivity. This allows installation teams and system management to leverage universal protocols and widely available networking equipment. Existing IoT networks can be augmented to include many RadWall units, in addition to handheld isotope identifiers (RIIDs), PRDs or other detector solutions.
“To complement our handhelds, PRDs and backpacks, we are introducing some fixed monitoring solutions that provide accurate, real time data to a reachback location”, comments Allan Gonzalez, Detection Systems Product Manager. “Typical area monitor networks don’t need elaborate spectroscopy, so the lower cost and simplicity of a go-no go system makes sense”.
The consumer nature of the RadWall provides easy set up and management, but the detector system embedded is built for demanding industrial applications. The system uses a Silicon Photomulitiplier rather than PMT, which provides advantages in size, vibration sensitivity and response times. The detector material (YSO) is highly sensitive, meaning a very small change in radiation levels can be identified in real time and reported locally or to a network monitoring system. The backup battery ensures that in a power outage, the system will continue to monitor for nuclear radiation while alarming the management about the power outage. An optional siren is also available to provide instant audible alarming for applications like laundry monitoring or waste processing where a user may need to mitigate the alarm immediately. Applications like small medical offices can establish a network for as low as $2000.00. Larger applications like a waste processing facility can leverage existing network infrastructure and scalable detector modules, with full monitoring systems under $25,000.00.
For more information, or a video on setting up your own system, see http://www.bncscientific.com/products/item/radiation-portal-monitor/radwall-s.html
About BNC Scientific
BNC Scientific is a division of Berkeley Nucleonics, started in 2009, to provide a wider range of best-in-class products, services and training to the US technical community. BNC Scientific offers products from several leading manufacturers’ worldwide that offer unique capability and value to our customers. The company offers service, consulting and training on a full range of products which are often batched together to meet demanding customer applications. Our consultants carry DOE and DOD clearances and can support program development, ongoing training and alarm mitigation with 24/7 spectroscopic expertise.
BREA, CA Feb. 7, 2017 There were 476 Mass Shootings in 2016 alone! Further, there were more than 150,000 plus gun violence incidents or deaths from 2013-2016, and already 40 mass shootings this year!
Solution Sensors, Inc. Introduces technology for the of the first-ever portable gunpowder detector that can detect gunpowder across barriers and from a considerable distance. Thanks to its easy portability, the revolutionary sensor can be used virtually anywhere.
Their patented technology was first used by members of the Solution Sensors, Inc. team to search for survivors of catastrophic events such as mine collapses. Some of their team was even searching for survivors at the World Trade Center after the 9/11 attacks. Although the team advanced the technology for gunpowder detection and other lifesaving uses, the original device; LifeGuard™ continues to be used to search for survivors of earthquakes and mine collapses, stowaways in shipping containers, etc.
Over the past few years Solution Sensors, Inc. has been refining the technology and are now moving towards developing a personal detection device. Solution Sensors, Inc. had proven the technology works, demonstrated its capabilities with law enforcement, and received their input. They have finalized the development plan that will get them to their next major milestone. Their next step is to accelerate the execution of their development plan. They will do this by expanding their technical team and working with their development partners to digitize and test the sensor.
The detection device powered by their technology can accurately detect gunpowder that is found in all modern shotguns, handguns and rifles. Additionally, the detector can identify smokeless gunpowder bombs and loaded firearms among a huge crowd, inside cars in traffic stops or behind doors and walls.
After completing initial version of the sensor, the Solution Sensors, Inc. team had multiple interviews with officials from law enforcement, security companies, and government departments, and all are hopeful and confident about the revolutionary gunpowder detector sensor. You may check out the science here.
Solution Sensors, Inc. is set to launch a video talking about today's alarming Mass Shooting Statistics to raise awareness to the unprecedented number of mass shootings in the US alone. See the PSA independent of our dramatic informational video.
RESTON, VA Jan. 26, 2017 Leidos (NYSE: LDOS), a global science and technology company, was awarded a task order by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) to provide modeling and simulation support to assess chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosives (CBRNE) threats. The single-award cost-plus fixed-fee task order has a one-year base period of performance, two one-year options, and a total contract value of approximately $17 million if both options are exercised. The task order was awarded under the Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction (CWMD) Research and Technology Development contract. Work will be performed primarily in San Diego, CA, Fort Belvoir, VA, and Omaha, NE.
DTRA provides the Department of Defense's (DoD) core intellectual, technical and operational support expertise for countering threats posed by weapons of mass destruction and high-yield explosives. Under the follow-on contract, Leidos will continue to provide modeling and simulation support for web-based joint collaboration CBRNE assessment tools. The web-based assessment tools provide a mechanism for rapid collaboration between subject matter experts and will assist the DoD and U.S. Government agencies in providing guidance for rapid response to CBRNE incidents.
"Leidos is proud of the decades of support we have provided to DTRA's critical mission and we are honored to have been selected to continue that support," said Leidos Group President, Mike Chagnon. "The tools developed under this contract will provide US Government agencies and warfighters timely and actionable information that is critical to planning for and responding to CBRNE events throughout the world."
Leidos is a global science and technology solutions leader working to solve the world's toughest challenges in the defense, intelligence, homeland security, civil, and health markets. The company's 33,000 employees support vital missions for government and commercial customers. Headquartered in Reston, VA, Leidos reported pro forma annual revenues of approximately $10 billion for the fiscal year ended Jan. 1, 2016 after giving effect to the recently completed combination of Leidos with Lockheed Martin's Information Systems & Global Solutions business (IS&GS). For more information, visit www.Leidos.com.
PHILADELPHIA Jan. 26, 2017 A team of Philadelphia University (PhilaU) students won the top prize in a U.S. Department of Defense challenge to redesign protective chemical-biological suits for military troops. A second PhilaU team was a runner-up in the nationwide competition.
The Proof Challenge by the Joint Program Executive Office for Chemical and Biological Defense (JPEO-CBD) sought innovative ideas from the public to increase mobility, dexterity and tactility of these suits, allowing troops to complete their tasks, such as running and climbing, in a fast and comfortable manner.
The winning PhilaU team, which will share the $55,000 top prize, focused on improving tactility and dexterity, interviewing Navy SEALs to better understand which areas in the current suit could benefit from upgrades. They will work with JPEO-CBD on next steps to bring their innovative concepts to reality.
The team included fashion merchandising and management alumni and current MBA students Madeline Haas and Nicole Raab, fashion design seniors Jess Roberts and Itohan Asemota; textile engineering junior Shana Kaplan; and textile materials technology junior Angela Villanueva.
"After looking into the current design and interviewing a group of Navy SEALs about their experiences with the suit, we outlined major aspects to improve," Kaplan said. "Our final suit is a synthesis of original apparel design and integration of new technologies, with a focus on comfort and functionality."
PhilaU's runner-up team received $5,000 for its project, which sought to improve the suit's integration of arm-to-glove, leg-to-boot and hood-to-mask mechanisms and implemented technologies that allow users to maintain a comfortable temperature while protected from the environment. The team included fashion merchandising and management alumna and current MBA student Chelsey Pyne; fashion design senior Keren Espina; and textile materials technology junior Devon Willard.
"The thinking, attention to detail and fresh ideas were astounding, exceeding what we expected," said LeRoy Garey, Proof Challenge product manager. "This type of public collaboration is something we look forward to tapping into in the future–joining forces with the Americans we serve to help protect this country and our warfighters."
Les Sztandera, professor of computer information systems and faculty lead for the project, said the University's students are well-prepared to develop innovative solutions. "To be successful in today's competitive economy, one needs to collaborate with others," he said. "That's what PhilaU students are all about."
Other PhilaU faculty members participating in the project were Jonathan Spindel, director of engineering programs; Brian George, associate professor of engineering; Janet Brady, associate professor of materials technology; Marcia Weiss, director of textile design and Harold Neuman Textile Design Chair; Sheila Connelly, fashion design program director; Monica Lam, academic dean, School of Business Administration; Pielah Kim, assistant professor of fashion merchandising and management; Joseph Fritz, adjunct professor of business; Justin O'Pella, assistant dean, Kanbar College of Design, Engineering and Commerce; and John Venafro, fashion events coordinator. Michael Asada, a doctoral student in strategic leadership, advised students for the project.
Philadelphia University, founded in 1884, is a private university with 3,700 students enrolled in more than 70 undergraduate and graduate programs. As the model for professional university education, the University, through its award-winning Nexus Learning approach, prepares students to be leaders in their professions in an active, collaborative and real-world learning environment infused with the liberal arts. Philadelphia University includes the innovative Kanbar College of Design, Engineering and Commerce; the College of Architecture and the Built Environment; the College of Science, Health and the Liberal Arts and the School of Continuing and Professional Studies. For more information, go to www.PhilaU.edu.
LONDON Jan. 25, 2017 Rising instances of international terrorist threats against citizens and critical infrastructures are intensifying investment in security measures and sophisticated sensing technologies. Early detection systems for dangerous materials and compounds are critical for timely control and reaction strategies.
"Sensors are being developed specifically for security personnel at border checkpoints and airports to help detect low volumes of gas emanating from explosive materials," said Frost & Sullivan TechVision Consulting Analyst Ugo Feracci. "Detecting triacetone triperoxide (TATP) explosives used by suicide bombers, hidden or packaged chemical materials, and intentional damage or changes to critical infrastructure are a few of the emerging areas for smart sensors application. The willingness to equip privates and security personals with these individual, small, and advanced detectors will be one of the game changers. "
Advanced Sensor Technologies for Homeland Security is part of TechVision (Sensors & Control) Growth Partnership Service programme. The insight reveals that synchronizing different types of sensors to achieve a timely output for action plans is a key challenge. Integrating the time aspect or 4D will enable sensors to move beyond classic detection capabilities. This research explores growth opportunities in homeland security for different sensing technologies, including chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosives (CBRNE) sensors, and terahertz, infrared, acoustic, spectrometric as well as nano sensors.
Click here for complimentary access to more information on this analysis and to register for a Growth Strategy Dialogue, a free interactive briefing with Frost & Sullivan's thought leaders.
"Nano sensors will emerge a winner in the security landscape in the next five years," observed Feracci. "By 2020, sensors will be able to detect low levels of dangerous materials. Eventually, CBRNE sensors can be a standard tool on every policeman's belt to help detect drugs or assess certain risks."
However, commercializing these technologies may be difficult, for two main reasons: research and development is really expensive in this area and the commercialization depends on governments' willingness to invest in new technologies to equip its security forces. Further, local players, spin-offs and start-ups can disrupt the market by providing alternative, cost-competitive solutions to individuals, without the government's involvement up to a certain extent.
Frost & Sullivan's global TechVision practice is focused on innovation, disruption and convergence, and provides a variety of technology-based alerts, newsletters and research services as well as growth consulting services. Its premier offering, the TechVision programme, identifies and evaluates the most valuable emerging and disruptive technologies enabling products with near-term potential. A unique feature of the TechVision programme is an annual selection of 50 technologies that can generate convergence scenarios, possibly disrupt the innovation landscape, and drive transformational growth. View a summary of our TechVision programme by clicking on the following link: http://ifrost.frost.com/TechVision_Demo.
About Frost & Sullivan
Frost & Sullivan, the Growth Partnership Company, works in collaboration with clients to leverage visionary innovation that addresses the global challenges and related growth opportunities that will make or break today's market participants. For more than 50 years, we have been developing growth strategies for the global 1000, emerging businesses, the public sector and the investment community.
MELBOURNE, FL Jan. 20, 2017 EMX Advanced Technologies, LLC (EMXAT) today announced that it has successfully achieved a significant scientific milestone toward the development of the company's Real-Time Laser Spectroscopy (RTLS) line of Quantum Cascade Laser (QCL) driven devices that are designed to provide early detection of diseases and other homeland safety and hospital environmental monitoring applications where volatile organic compounds (VOC's) are present, all through novel, non-invasive analysis.
As a result of internal testing, the company believes that they are the first to successfully demonstrate a commercially viable laser, with the specific characteristics needed, in the mid-IR spectrum that will be able to operate at room temperature. In addition, they have innovations that eliminate the need for a mass-spectrometer (and/or other secondary "detection only" component) to detect the volatiles of interest in all three application pillars. These break-through innovations are required to detect VOC's shown to be relevant in the early stage detection of certain cancers, hospital acquired infections and the presence of explosives.
"We believe that achieving this major milestone increases our confidence in bringing the company's RTLS detection device to commercial reality as these novel advancements will form the core of the company's RTLS device that would enable a more accessible and less expensive detection method versus currently available diagnostic tests," says EMXAT's co-founder Mr. James Herrmann, a renowned product engineer and winner of the U.S. Department of Defense's Cogswell Award.
Further, the company believes that these key innovations will enable the QCL component of EMXAT's RTLS device to potentially measure diagnostic amounts of VOC's (Volatile Organic Compounds) necessary to accurately and rapidly screen for life-threatening malignant and infectious diseases non-invasively, thereby increasing quality of life/health outcomes and significantly reducing healthcare cost for these diseases. According to EMXAT's Chief Medical Officer, Dr. John Ruckdeschel – an internationally recognized lung cancer authority, and former Director of the Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, Florida – "VOC analysis has already been shown to have utility in several malignancies and pulmonary disorders, but current devices are not portable, are limited in analytic scope, and require significant delays before results are known to the physician. Once fully developed, the RTLS device would represent an advancement in early detection, diagnosis and disease monitoring, which can be delivered non-invasively, in real time, in the physician's office."
In addition to its application in the detection of several cancers and other diseases, EMXAT believes the RTLS device can have commercial applications and related revenue streams beyond the Med Tech sector. The company believes the RTLS has potential applications that include:
Environmental monitoring, for contaminants such as E. Coli and MRSA
Real-time industrial monitoring, for unseen chemicals such as methane and cyanide
Law enforcement / Homeland Security, for real-time detection of drugs, explosives and bioterrorism
Non-intrusive, real-time monitoring, for events requiring high security levels
Animal health monitoring
The company's Technology Director, Dr. Ralph Teague, Principal Research Scientist at Georgia Tech and winner of the prestigious Pioneer Award in laser communication, further stated that, "The novel RTLS platform will allow for detection of a wide range of important VOC's, in a single device, at a very low cost per test. The architecture and capabilities of the RTLS device are designed to go far beyond applications in the medical and health fields. Toward that end, we are currently exploring global opportunities with leading companies in each sector, that have efficient product distribution channels in place."
About EMX Advanced Technologies, LLC (EMXAT)
Founded in 2014 EMXAT is a wholly owned subsidiary of EMX International LLC, a privately owned sensor-based technology company located in Melbourne, FL. EMXAT was established to explore potential applications of the Company's successful detection-related technologies, which included infrared surveillance devices for the defense industry. EMXAT's senior management team consists of several highly regarded professionals with long-track records of experience and recognition within their respected fields. The company holds several patents, including those related to its RTLS device.
NEW YORK Jan. 5, 2017 L3 Technologies (NYSE:LLL) announced today that it has completed its acquisition of the explosives trace detection (ETD) business of Implant Sciences Corporation (Implant), and it was funded with cash on hand. As previously announced, L3 entered into an asset purchase agreement (APA) to acquire certain assets of Implant for $117.5 million in cash, plus the assumption of specified liabilities. Implant had previously entered into Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection and received U.S. Bankruptcy Court approval to consummate the APA in December 2016. L3 will integrate this business into its Security & Detection Systems division within the Electronic Systems business segment.
Implant’s ETD products have received approvals and certifications from several international regulatory agencies, including the TSA in the U.S., ECAC in Europe and the Ministry of Public Safety in China. In September 2016, the TSA placed a delivery order for 1,353 of Implant’s QS-B220 systems and related supplies.
“We are pleased to complete the acquisition of this business, which bolsters L3’s leadership in efficient, scalable security solutions and greatly enhances our capabilities in the global aviation security and national security markets,” said Michael T. Strianese, L3’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. “Adding Implant’s ETD business complements our market-leading checkpoint management systems and security efficiency software through our recent acquisition of MacDonald Humfrey. Together, these businesses provide L3 with a full suite of solutions and position us to capitalize on the significant opportunities in the growing security and detection market.”
“Over the past year, we have focused on developing total aviation checkpoint solutions built around our innovative ClearScan™ carry-on baggage screening system and our ProVision® personnel screener, and we introduced a number of new integrated systems to increase the efficiency of the security screening process. The Implant Sciences team developed state-of-the-art trace detection technologies that are market-ready and fill a critical gap in our sensor portfolio,” added Tom Ripp, President of L3 Security & Detection Systems. “The Implant Sciences management team brings both strong domain expertise coupled with deep technical capabilities focused on innovative trace solutions, and we look forward to the team’s contribution to achieving our strategic growth initiatives.”
Based in Wilmington, Massachusetts, Implant filed for bankruptcy protection pursuant to Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code on October 10, 2016, with the intent to sell its assets pursuant to court-approved bidding procedures. L3 was the successful bidder under these procedures and received approval from the U.S. Bankruptcy Court to proceed with the transaction.
Headquartered in New York City, L3 Technologies employs approximately 38,000 people worldwide and is a leading provider of a broad range of communication and electronic systems and products used on military, homeland security and commercial platforms. L3 is also a prime contractor in aerospace systems, security and detection systems, and pilot training. The Company reported 2015 sales of $10.5 billion.
To learn more about L3, please visit the Company’s website at www.L3T.com. L3 uses its website as a channel of distribution of material Company information. Financial and other material information regarding L3 is routinely posted on the Company’s website and is readily accessible.