Digital Version of November/December 2014 Print Edition
DOE and NNSA award $62 million in contracts for Exascale computing
AMD, IBM, Intel, Nvidia and Whamcloud will split $62 million in research and development contracts awarded by the Department of Energy's office of science and the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to speed development of next-generation supercomputers for national defense, scientific research and energy security.
The companies, the NNSA said on August 6, received awards to advance “extreme scale” computing technology with an eye to fund innovative R&D of critical technologies needed to deliver next generation capabilities within a reasonable energy footprint. DOE missions require “exascale” systems that operate at quintillions of floating point operations per second, said NNSA. The systems would be 1,000 times faster than a 1-petaflop (quadrillion floating point operations per second) supercomputer, it said. Currently, the world’s fastest supercomputer, the IBM BlueGene/Q Sequoia system at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), clocks in at 16.3 petaflops, it added.
The extreme computer capabilities will be used to model nuclear explosions or underground oil deposits and decode communications.
“The challenge is to deliver 1,000 times the performance of today’s computers with only a fraction more of the system’s energy consumption and space requirements,” said William Harrod, division director of research in DOE Office of Science’s Advanced Scientific Computing Research program.
NNSA said the contract awards were in three high performance computing (HPC) technology areas: processors, memory, and storage and input/output (I/O) – the communication between computer processing systems and outside networks. The total value of the contracts is $62.5 million and covers a two-year period of performance, it said.
The FastForward program, funded by DOE’s Office of Science and NNSA, is managed by LLNL on behalf of seven national laboratories including: Lawrence Berkeley, Los Alamos, Sandia, Oak Ridge, Argonne and Pacific Northwest. Technical experts from the participating national laboratories evaluated and helped select the proposals and will work with selected vendors on co-design.
“Exascale computing will be required to fully assess the performance of our nation’s nuclear stockpile in all foreseeable situations without returning to nuclear testing,” said Bob Meisner, head of NNSA’s Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) program. “The insight that comes from simulations is also vital to addressing nonproliferation and counterterrorism issues, as well as informing other national security decisions.”
The FastForward initiative is intended to speed up and influence the development of technologies companies are pursuing for commercialization to ensure these products include features DOE Science and NNSA laboratories require for research, said the agency.
Under the contract awards, said NNSA, AMD is working on processors and memory for extreme systems, IBM is also working on memory for extreme systems, Intel Federal is working on energy efficient processors and memory architectures, Nvidia is working on processor architecture for exascale computing at low power and Whamcloud is leading a group working on storage and I/O.